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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
/*
* linux/arch/arm/kernel/head.S
*
* Copyright (C) 1994-2002 Russell King
* Copyright (c) 2003 ARM Limited
* All Rights Reserved
*
* Kernel startup code for all 32-bit CPUs
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
#include <asm/cp15.h>
#include <asm/domain.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/memory.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_LL) && !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SEMIHOSTING)
#include CONFIG_DEBUG_LL_INCLUDE
#endif
/*
* swapper_pg_dir is the virtual address of the initial page table.
* We place the page tables 16K below KERNEL_RAM_VADDR. Therefore, we must
* make sure that KERNEL_RAM_VADDR is correctly set. Currently, we expect
* the least significant 16 bits to be 0x8000, but we could probably
* relax this restriction to KERNEL_RAM_VADDR >= PAGE_OFFSET + 0x4000.
*/
#define KERNEL_RAM_VADDR (KERNEL_OFFSET + TEXT_OFFSET)
#if (KERNEL_RAM_VADDR & 0xffff) != 0x8000
#error KERNEL_RAM_VADDR must start at 0xXXXX8000
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/* LPAE requires an additional page for the PGD */
#define PG_DIR_SIZE 0x5000
#define PMD_ORDER 3
#else
#define PG_DIR_SIZE 0x4000
#define PMD_ORDER 2
#endif
.globl swapper_pg_dir
.equ swapper_pg_dir, KERNEL_RAM_VADDR - PG_DIR_SIZE
/*
* This needs to be assigned at runtime when the linker symbols are
* resolved. These are unsigned 64bit really, but in this assembly code
* We store them as 32bit.
*/
.pushsection .data
.align 2
.globl kernel_sec_start
.globl kernel_sec_end
kernel_sec_start:
.long 0
.long 0
kernel_sec_end:
.long 0
.long 0
.popsection
.macro pgtbl, rd, phys
add \rd, \phys, #TEXT_OFFSET
sub \rd, \rd, #PG_DIR_SIZE
.endm
/*
* Kernel startup entry point.
* ---------------------------
*
* This is normally called from the decompressor code. The requirements
* are: MMU = off, D-cache = off, I-cache = dont care, r0 = 0,
* r1 = machine nr, r2 = atags or dtb pointer.
*
* This code is mostly position independent, so if you link the kernel at
* 0xc0008000, you call this at __pa(0xc0008000).
*
* See linux/arch/arm/tools/mach-types for the complete list of machine
* numbers for r1.
*
* We're trying to keep crap to a minimum; DO NOT add any machine specific
* crap here - that's what the boot loader (or in extreme, well justified
* circumstances, zImage) is for.
*/
.arm
__HEAD
ENTRY(stext)
ARM_BE8(setend be ) @ ensure we are in BE8 mode
THUMB( badr r9, 1f ) @ Kernel is always entered in ARM.
THUMB( bx r9 ) @ If this is a Thumb-2 kernel,
THUMB( .thumb ) @ switch to Thumb now.
THUMB(1: )
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_VIRT_EXT
bl __hyp_stub_install
#endif
@ ensure svc mode and all interrupts masked
safe_svcmode_maskall r9
mrc p15, 0, r9, c0, c0 @ get processor id
bl __lookup_processor_type @ r5=procinfo r9=cpuid
movs r10, r5 @ invalid processor (r5=0)?
THUMB( it eq ) @ force fixup-able long branch encoding
beq __error_p @ yes, error 'p'
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mrc p15, 0, r3, c0, c1, 4 @ read ID_MMFR0
and r3, r3, #0xf @ extract VMSA support
cmp r3, #5 @ long-descriptor translation table format?
THUMB( it lo ) @ force fixup-able long branch encoding
blo __error_lpae @ only classic page table format
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_XIP_KERNEL
adr_l r8, _text @ __pa(_text)
sub r8, r8, #TEXT_OFFSET @ PHYS_OFFSET
#else
ldr r8, =PLAT_PHYS_OFFSET @ always constant in this case
#endif
/*
* r1 = machine no, r2 = atags or dtb,
* r8 = phys_offset, r9 = cpuid, r10 = procinfo
*/
bl __vet_atags
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP_ON_UP
bl __fixup_smp
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_PATCH_PHYS_VIRT
bl __fixup_pv_table
#endif
bl __create_page_tables
/*
* The following calls CPU specific code in a position independent
* manner. See arch/arm/mm/proc-*.S for details. r10 = base of
* xxx_proc_info structure selected by __lookup_processor_type
* above.
*
* The processor init function will be called with:
* r1 - machine type
* r2 - boot data (atags/dt) pointer
* r4 - translation table base (low word)
* r5 - translation table base (high word, if LPAE)
* r8 - translation table base 1 (pfn if LPAE)
* r9 - cpuid
* r13 - virtual address for __enable_mmu -> __turn_mmu_on
*
* On return, the CPU will be ready for the MMU to be turned on,
* r0 will hold the CPU control register value, r1, r2, r4, and
* r9 will be preserved. r5 will also be preserved if LPAE.
*/
ldr r13, =__mmap_switched @ address to jump to after
@ mmu has been enabled
badr lr, 1f @ return (PIC) address
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mov r5, #0 @ high TTBR0
mov r8, r4, lsr #12 @ TTBR1 is swapper_pg_dir pfn
#else
mov r8, r4 @ set TTBR1 to swapper_pg_dir
#endif
ldr r12, [r10, #PROCINFO_INITFUNC]
add r12, r12, r10
ret r12
1: b __enable_mmu
ENDPROC(stext)
.ltorg
/*
* Setup the initial page tables. We only setup the barest
* amount which are required to get the kernel running, which
* generally means mapping in the kernel code.
*
* r8 = phys_offset, r9 = cpuid, r10 = procinfo
*
* Returns:
* r0, r3, r5-r7 corrupted
* r4 = physical page table address
*/
__create_page_tables:
pgtbl r4, r8 @ page table address
/*
* Clear the swapper page table
*/
mov r0, r4
mov r3, #0
add r6, r0, #PG_DIR_SIZE
1: str r3, [r0], #4
str r3, [r0], #4
str r3, [r0], #4
str r3, [r0], #4
teq r0, r6
bne 1b
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
/*
* Build the PGD table (first level) to point to the PMD table. A PGD
* entry is 64-bit wide.
*/
mov r0, r4
add r3, r4, #0x1000 @ first PMD table address
orr r3, r3, #3 @ PGD block type
mov r6, #4 @ PTRS_PER_PGD
mov r7, #1 << (55 - 32) @ L_PGD_SWAPPER
1:
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
str r7, [r0], #4 @ set top PGD entry bits
str r3, [r0], #4 @ set bottom PGD entry bits
#else
str r3, [r0], #4 @ set bottom PGD entry bits
str r7, [r0], #4 @ set top PGD entry bits
#endif
add r3, r3, #0x1000 @ next PMD table
subs r6, r6, #1
bne 1b
add r4, r4, #0x1000 @ point to the PMD tables
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
add r4, r4, #4 @ we only write the bottom word
#endif
#endif
ldr r7, [r10, #PROCINFO_MM_MMUFLAGS] @ mm_mmuflags
/*
* Create identity mapping to cater for __enable_mmu.
* This identity mapping will be removed by paging_init().
*/
adr_l r5, __turn_mmu_on @ _pa(__turn_mmu_on)
adr_l r6, __turn_mmu_on_end @ _pa(__turn_mmu_on_end)
mov r5, r5, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
mov r6, r6, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
1: orr r3, r7, r5, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT @ flags + kernel base
str r3, [r4, r5, lsl #PMD_ORDER] @ identity mapping
cmp r5, r6
addlo r5, r5, #1 @ next section
blo 1b
/*
* The main matter: map in the kernel using section mappings, and
* set two variables to indicate the physical start and end of the
* kernel.
*/
add r0, r4, #KERNEL_OFFSET >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
ldr r6, =(_end - 1)
adr_l r5, kernel_sec_start @ _pa(kernel_sec_start)
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
str r8, [r5, #4] @ Save physical start of kernel (BE)
#else
str r8, [r5] @ Save physical start of kernel (LE)
#endif
orr r3, r8, r7 @ Add the MMU flags
add r6, r4, r6, lsr #(SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
1: str r3, [r0], #1 << PMD_ORDER
add r3, r3, #1 << SECTION_SHIFT
cmp r0, r6
bls 1b
eor r3, r3, r7 @ Remove the MMU flags
adr_l r5, kernel_sec_end @ _pa(kernel_sec_end)
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
str r3, [r5, #4] @ Save physical end of kernel (BE)
#else
str r3, [r5] @ Save physical end of kernel (LE)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_XIP_KERNEL
/*
* Map the kernel image separately as it is not located in RAM.
*/
#define XIP_START XIP_VIRT_ADDR(CONFIG_XIP_PHYS_ADDR)
mov r3, pc
mov r3, r3, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
orr r3, r7, r3, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT
add r0, r4, #(XIP_START & 0xff000000) >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
str r3, [r0, #((XIP_START & 0x00f00000) >> SECTION_SHIFT) << PMD_ORDER]!
ldr r6, =(_edata_loc - 1)
add r0, r0, #1 << PMD_ORDER
add r6, r4, r6, lsr #(SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
1: cmp r0, r6
add r3, r3, #1 << SECTION_SHIFT
strls r3, [r0], #1 << PMD_ORDER
bls 1b
#endif
/*
* Then map boot params address in r2 if specified.
* We map 2 sections in case the ATAGs/DTB crosses a section boundary.
*/
mov r0, r2, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
cmp r2, #0
ldrne r3, =FDT_FIXED_BASE >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
addne r3, r3, r4
orrne r6, r7, r0, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT
strne r6, [r3], #1 << PMD_ORDER
addne r6, r6, #1 << SECTION_SHIFT
strne r6, [r3]
#if defined(CONFIG_ARM_LPAE) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8)
sub r4, r4, #4 @ Fixup page table pointer
@ for 64-bit descriptors
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LL
#if !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ICEDCC) && !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SEMIHOSTING)
/*
* Map in IO space for serial debugging.
* This allows debug messages to be output
* via a serial console before paging_init.
*/
addruart r7, r3, r0
mov r3, r3, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
mov r3, r3, lsl #PMD_ORDER
add r0, r4, r3
mov r3, r7, lsr #SECTION_SHIFT
ldr r7, [r10, #PROCINFO_IO_MMUFLAGS] @ io_mmuflags
orr r3, r7, r3, lsl #SECTION_SHIFT
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mov r7, #1 << (54 - 32) @ XN
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ENDIAN_BE8
str r7, [r0], #4
str r3, [r0], #4
#else
str r3, [r0], #4
str r7, [r0], #4
#endif
#else
orr r3, r3, #PMD_SECT_XN
str r3, [r0], #4
#endif
#else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_ICEDCC || CONFIG_DEBUG_SEMIHOSTING */
/* we don't need any serial debugging mappings */
ldr r7, [r10, #PROCINFO_IO_MMUFLAGS] @ io_mmuflags
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_NETWINDER) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_CATS)
/*
* If we're using the NetWinder or CATS, we also need to map
* in the 16550-type serial port for the debug messages
*/
add r0, r4, #0xff000000 >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
orr r3, r7, #0x7c000000
str r3, [r0]
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_RPC
/*
* Map in screen at 0x02000000 & SCREEN2_BASE
* Similar reasons here - for debug. This is
* only for Acorn RiscPC architectures.
*/
add r0, r4, #0x02000000 >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
orr r3, r7, #0x02000000
str r3, [r0]
add r0, r4, #0xd8000000 >> (SECTION_SHIFT - PMD_ORDER)
str r3, [r0]
#endif
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
sub r4, r4, #0x1000 @ point to the PGD table
#endif
ret lr
ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
.ltorg
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
.text
.arm
ENTRY(secondary_startup_arm)
THUMB( badr r9, 1f ) @ Kernel is entered in ARM.
THUMB( bx r9 ) @ If this is a Thumb-2 kernel,
THUMB( .thumb ) @ switch to Thumb now.
THUMB(1: )
ENTRY(secondary_startup)
/*
* Common entry point for secondary CPUs.
*
* Ensure that we're in SVC mode, and IRQs are disabled. Lookup
* the processor type - there is no need to check the machine type
* as it has already been validated by the primary processor.
*/
ARM_BE8(setend be) @ ensure we are in BE8 mode
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_VIRT_EXT
bl __hyp_stub_install_secondary
#endif
safe_svcmode_maskall r9
mrc p15, 0, r9, c0, c0 @ get processor id
bl __lookup_processor_type
movs r10, r5 @ invalid processor?
moveq r0, #'p' @ yes, error 'p'
THUMB( it eq ) @ force fixup-able long branch encoding
beq __error_p
/*
* Use the page tables supplied from __cpu_up.
*/
adr_l r3, secondary_data
mov_l r12, __secondary_switched
ldrd r4, r5, [r3, #0] @ get secondary_data.pgdir
ARM_BE8(eor r4, r4, r5) @ Swap r5 and r4 in BE:
ARM_BE8(eor r5, r4, r5) @ it can be done in 3 steps
ARM_BE8(eor r4, r4, r5) @ without using a temp reg.
ldr r8, [r3, #8] @ get secondary_data.swapper_pg_dir
badr lr, __enable_mmu @ return address
mov r13, r12 @ __secondary_switched address
ldr r12, [r10, #PROCINFO_INITFUNC]
add r12, r12, r10 @ initialise processor
@ (return control reg)
ret r12
ENDPROC(secondary_startup)
ENDPROC(secondary_startup_arm)
ENTRY(__secondary_switched)
adr_l r7, secondary_data + 12 @ get secondary_data.stack
#ifdef CONFIG_PCPU_OFFSET_IN_TPIDRPRW
ldrd r8, r9, [r7, #4] @ get secondary_data.cpu and .idle
set_current r9 @ set 'current' pointer
adr_l r9, __per_cpu_offset @ index the per-CPU offset array
ldr r8, [r9, r8, lsl #2] @ using the CPU number
mcr p15, 0, r8, c13, c0, 4 @ set TPIDRPRW
#endif
ldr sp, [r7]
mov fp, #0
b secondary_start_kernel
ENDPROC(__secondary_switched)
#endif /* defined(CONFIG_SMP) */
/*
* Setup common bits before finally enabling the MMU. Essentially
* this is just loading the page table pointer and domain access
* registers. All these registers need to be preserved by the
* processor setup function (or set in the case of r0)
*
* r0 = cp#15 control register
* r1 = machine ID
* r2 = atags or dtb pointer
* r4 = TTBR pointer (low word)
* r5 = TTBR pointer (high word if LPAE)
* r9 = processor ID
* r13 = *virtual* address to jump to upon completion
*/
__enable_mmu:
#if defined(CONFIG_ALIGNMENT_TRAP) && __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ < 6
orr r0, r0, #CR_A
#else
bic r0, r0, #CR_A
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_DCACHE_DISABLE
bic r0, r0, #CR_C
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BPREDICT_DISABLE
bic r0, r0, #CR_Z
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ICACHE_DISABLE
bic r0, r0, #CR_I
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
mcrr p15, 0, r4, r5, c2 @ load TTBR0
#else
mov r5, #DACR_INIT
mcr p15, 0, r5, c3, c0, 0 @ load domain access register
mcr p15, 0, r4, c2, c0, 0 @ load page table pointer
#endif
b __turn_mmu_on
ENDPROC(__enable_mmu)
/*
* Enable the MMU. This completely changes the structure of the visible
* memory space. You will not be able to trace execution through this.
* If you have an enquiry about this, *please* check the linux-arm-kernel
* mailing list archives BEFORE sending another post to the list.
*
* r0 = cp#15 control register
* r1 = machine ID
* r2 = atags or dtb pointer
* r9 = processor ID
* r13 = *virtual* address to jump to upon completion
*
* other registers depend on the function called upon completion
*/
.align 5
.pushsection .idmap.text, "ax"
ENTRY(__turn_mmu_on)
mov r0, r0
instr_sync
mcr p15, 0, r0, c1, c0, 0 @ write control reg
mrc p15, 0, r3, c0, c0, 0 @ read id reg
instr_sync
mov r3, r3
mov r3, r13
ret r3
__turn_mmu_on_end:
ENDPROC(__turn_mmu_on)
.popsection
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP_ON_UP
__HEAD
__fixup_smp:
and r3, r9, #0x000f0000 @ architecture version
teq r3, #0x000f0000 @ CPU ID supported?
bne __fixup_smp_on_up @ no, assume UP
bic r3, r9, #0x00ff0000
bic r3, r3, #0x0000000f @ mask 0xff00fff0
mov r4, #0x41000000
orr r4, r4, #0x0000b000
orr r4, r4, #0x00000020 @ val 0x4100b020
teq r3, r4 @ ARM 11MPCore?
reteq lr @ yes, assume SMP
mrc p15, 0, r0, c0, c0, 5 @ read MPIDR
and r0, r0, #0xc0000000 @ multiprocessing extensions and
teq r0, #0x80000000 @ not part of a uniprocessor system?
bne __fixup_smp_on_up @ no, assume UP
@ Core indicates it is SMP. Check for Aegis SOC where a single
@ Cortex-A9 CPU is present but SMP operations fault.
mov r4, #0x41000000
orr r4, r4, #0x0000c000
orr r4, r4, #0x00000090
teq r3, r4 @ Check for ARM Cortex-A9
retne lr @ Not ARM Cortex-A9,
@ If a future SoC *does* use 0x0 as the PERIPH_BASE, then the
@ below address check will need to be #ifdef'd or equivalent
@ for the Aegis platform.
mrc p15, 4, r0, c15, c0 @ get SCU base address
teq r0, #0x0 @ '0' on actual UP A9 hardware
beq __fixup_smp_on_up @ So its an A9 UP
ldr r0, [r0, #4] @ read SCU Config
ARM_BE8(rev r0, r0) @ byteswap if big endian
and r0, r0, #0x3 @ number of CPUs
teq r0, #0x0 @ is 1?
retne lr
__fixup_smp_on_up:
adr_l r4, __smpalt_begin
adr_l r5, __smpalt_end
b __do_fixup_smp_on_up
ENDPROC(__fixup_smp)
.pushsection .data
.align 2
.globl smp_on_up
smp_on_up:
ALT_SMP(.long 1)
ALT_UP(.long 0)
.popsection
#endif
.text
__do_fixup_smp_on_up:
cmp r4, r5
reths lr
ldmia r4, {r0, r6}
ARM( str r6, [r0, r4] )
THUMB( add r0, r0, r4 )
add r4, r4, #8
#ifdef __ARMEB__
THUMB( mov r6, r6, ror #16 ) @ Convert word order for big-endian.
#endif
THUMB( strh r6, [r0], #2 ) @ For Thumb-2, store as two halfwords
THUMB( mov r6, r6, lsr #16 ) @ to be robust against misaligned r0.
THUMB( strh r6, [r0] )
b __do_fixup_smp_on_up
ENDPROC(__do_fixup_smp_on_up)
ENTRY(fixup_smp)
stmfd sp!, {r4 - r6, lr}
mov r4, r0
add r5, r0, r1
bl __do_fixup_smp_on_up
ldmfd sp!, {r4 - r6, pc}
ENDPROC(fixup_smp)
#include "head-common.S"