timers/nohz: Last resort update jiffies on nohz_full IRQ entry

When at least one CPU runs in nohz_full mode, a dedicated timekeeper CPU
is guaranteed to stay online and to never stop its tick.

Meanwhile on some rare case, the dedicated timekeeper may be running
with interrupts disabled for a while, such as in stop_machine.

If jiffies stop being updated, a nohz_full CPU may end up endlessly
programming the next tick in the past, taking the last jiffies update
monotonic timestamp as a stale base, resulting in an tick storm.

Here is a scenario where it matters:

0) CPU 0 is the timekeeper and CPU 1 a nohz_full CPU.

1) A stop machine callback is queued to execute somewhere.

2) CPU 0 reaches MULTI_STOP_DISABLE_IRQ while CPU 1 is still in
   MULTI_STOP_PREPARE. Hence CPU 0 can't do its timekeeping duty. CPU 1
   can still take IRQs.

3) CPU 1 receives an IRQ which queues a timer callback one jiffy forward.

4) On IRQ exit, CPU 1 schedules the tick one jiffy forward, taking
   last_jiffies_update as a base. But last_jiffies_update hasn't been
   updated for 2 jiffies since the timekeeper has interrupts disabled.

5) clockevents_program_event(), which relies on ktime_get(), observes
   that the expiration is in the past and therefore programs the min
   delta event on the clock.

6) The tick fires immediately, goto 3)

7) Tick storm, the nohz_full CPU is drown and takes ages to reach
   MULTI_STOP_DISABLE_IRQ, which is the only way out of this situation.

Solve this with unconditionally updating jiffies if the value is stale
on nohz_full IRQ entry. IRQs and other disturbances are expected to be
rare enough on nohz_full for the unconditional call to ktime_get() to
actually matter.

Reported-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211026141055.57358-2-frederic@kernel.org

diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 322b65d..41f4709 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -595,7 +595,8 @@
-	if (is_idle_task(current) && (irq_count() == HARDIRQ_OFFSET))
+	if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(smp_processor_id()) ||
+	    (is_idle_task(current) && (irq_count() == HARDIRQ_OFFSET)))
diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index 6bffe5af..17a283c 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -1375,6 +1375,13 @@
 	now = ktime_get();
 	if (ts->idle_active)
 		tick_nohz_stop_idle(ts, now);
+	/*
+	 * If all CPUs are idle. We may need to update a stale jiffies value.
+	 * Note nohz_full is a special case: a timekeeper is guaranteed to stay
+	 * alive but it might be busy looping with interrupts disabled in some
+	 * rare case (typically stop machine). So we must make sure we have a
+	 * last resort.
+	 */
 	if (ts->tick_stopped)