blob: 18d724867064bc885e06f87d3fe915a80b4b901d [file] [log] [blame]
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
ID Allocation
:Author: Matthew Wilcox
A common problem to solve is allocating identifiers (IDs); generally
small numbers which identify a thing. Examples include file descriptors,
process IDs, packet identifiers in networking protocols, SCSI tags
and device instance numbers. The IDR and the IDA provide a reasonable
solution to the problem to avoid everybody inventing their own. The IDR
provides the ability to map an ID to a pointer, while the IDA provides
only ID allocation, and as a result is much more memory-efficient.
The IDR interface is deprecated; please use the :doc:`XArray <xarray>`
IDR usage
Start by initialising an IDR, either with DEFINE_IDR()
for statically allocated IDRs or idr_init() for dynamically
allocated IDRs.
You can call idr_alloc() to allocate an unused ID. Look up
the pointer you associated with the ID by calling idr_find()
and free the ID by calling idr_remove().
If you need to change the pointer associated with an ID, you can call
idr_replace(). One common reason to do this is to reserve an
ID by passing a ``NULL`` pointer to the allocation function; initialise the
object with the reserved ID and finally insert the initialised object
into the IDR.
Some users need to allocate IDs larger than ``INT_MAX``. So far all of
these users have been content with a ``UINT_MAX`` limit, and they use
idr_alloc_u32(). If you need IDs that will not fit in a u32,
we will work with you to address your needs.
If you need to allocate IDs sequentially, you can use
idr_alloc_cyclic(). The IDR becomes less efficient when dealing
with larger IDs, so using this function comes at a slight cost.
To perform an action on all pointers used by the IDR, you can
either use the callback-based idr_for_each() or the
iterator-style idr_for_each_entry(). You may need to use
idr_for_each_entry_continue() to continue an iteration. You can
also use idr_get_next() if the iterator doesn't fit your needs.
When you have finished using an IDR, you can call idr_destroy()
to release the memory used by the IDR. This will not free the objects
pointed to from the IDR; if you want to do that, use one of the iterators
to do it.
You can use idr_is_empty() to find out whether there are any
IDs currently allocated.
If you need to take a lock while allocating a new ID from the IDR,
you may need to pass a restrictive set of GFP flags, which can lead
to the IDR being unable to allocate memory. To work around this,
you can call idr_preload() before taking the lock, and then
idr_preload_end() after the allocation.
.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/idr.h
:doc: idr sync
IDA usage
.. kernel-doc:: lib/idr.c
:doc: IDA description
Functions and structures
.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/idr.h
.. kernel-doc:: lib/idr.c