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Industrial IIO configfs support
1. Overview
Configfs is a filesystem-based manager of kernel objects. IIO uses some
objects that could be easily configured using configfs (e.g.: devices,
See Documentation/filesystems/configfs.rst for more information
about how configfs works.
2. Usage
In order to use configfs support in IIO we need to select it at compile
time via CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS config option.
Then, mount the configfs filesystem (usually under /config directory)::
$ mkdir /config
$ mount -t configfs none /config
At this point, all default IIO groups will be created and can be accessed
under /config/iio. Next chapters will describe available IIO configuration
3. Software triggers
One of the IIO default configfs groups is the "triggers" group. It is
automagically accessible when the configfs is mounted and can be found
under /config/iio/triggers.
IIO software triggers implementation offers support for creating multiple
trigger types. A new trigger type is usually implemented as a separate
kernel module following the interface in include/linux/iio/sw_trigger.h::
* drivers/iio/trigger/iio-trig-sample.c
* sample kernel module implementing a new trigger type
#include <linux/iio/sw_trigger.h>
static struct iio_sw_trigger *iio_trig_sample_probe(const char *name)
* This allocates and registers an IIO trigger plus other
* trigger type specific initialization.
static int iio_trig_sample_remove(struct iio_sw_trigger *swt)
* This undoes the actions in iio_trig_sample_probe
static const struct iio_sw_trigger_ops iio_trig_sample_ops = {
.probe = iio_trig_sample_probe,
.remove = iio_trig_sample_remove,
static struct iio_sw_trigger_type iio_trig_sample = {
.name = "trig-sample",
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.ops = &iio_trig_sample_ops,
Each trigger type has its own directory under /config/iio/triggers. Loading
iio-trig-sample module will create 'trig-sample' trigger type directory
We support the following interrupt sources (trigger types):
* hrtimer, uses high resolution timers as interrupt source
3.1 Hrtimer triggers creation and destruction
Loading iio-trig-hrtimer module will register hrtimer trigger types allowing
users to create hrtimer triggers under /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer.
$ mkdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer/instance1
$ rmdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer/instance1
Each trigger can have one or more attributes specific to the trigger type.
3.2 "hrtimer" trigger types attributes
"hrtimer" trigger type doesn't have any configurable attribute from /config dir.
It does introduce the sampling_frequency attribute to trigger directory.
That attribute sets the polling frequency in Hz, with mHz precision.