blob: 6dfa8ddaa60f7615beef94d8c4b1ce0fcf32d857 [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Performance events x86 architecture code
*
* Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
* Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar
* Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput
* Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter
* Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra
* Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>
* Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian
*
* For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING
*/
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/static_call.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/timer.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/ldt.h>
#include <asm/unwind.h>
#include "perf_event.h"
struct x86_pmu x86_pmu __read_mostly;
static struct pmu pmu;
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events) = {
.enabled = 1,
.pmu = &pmu,
};
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key);
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key);
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(perf_is_hybrid);
/*
* This here uses DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL() to get a static_call defined
* from just a typename, as opposed to an actual function.
*/
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_handle_irq, *x86_pmu.handle_irq);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_disable_all, *x86_pmu.disable_all);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_enable_all, *x86_pmu.enable_all);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_enable, *x86_pmu.enable);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_disable, *x86_pmu.disable);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_add, *x86_pmu.add);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_del, *x86_pmu.del);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_read, *x86_pmu.read);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_schedule_events, *x86_pmu.schedule_events);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_get_event_constraints, *x86_pmu.get_event_constraints);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_put_event_constraints, *x86_pmu.put_event_constraints);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_start_scheduling, *x86_pmu.start_scheduling);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_commit_scheduling, *x86_pmu.commit_scheduling);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_stop_scheduling, *x86_pmu.stop_scheduling);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_sched_task, *x86_pmu.sched_task);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_swap_task_ctx, *x86_pmu.swap_task_ctx);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_drain_pebs, *x86_pmu.drain_pebs);
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_NULL(x86_pmu_pebs_aliases, *x86_pmu.pebs_aliases);
/*
* This one is magic, it will get called even when PMU init fails (because
* there is no PMU), in which case it should simply return NULL.
*/
DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_RET0(x86_pmu_guest_get_msrs, *x86_pmu.guest_get_msrs);
u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_event_ids
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX];
u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_extra_regs
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX];
/*
* Propagate event elapsed time into the generic event.
* Can only be executed on the CPU where the event is active.
* Returns the delta events processed.
*/
u64 x86_perf_event_update(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
int shift = 64 - x86_pmu.cntval_bits;
u64 prev_raw_count, new_raw_count;
u64 delta;
if (unlikely(!hwc->event_base))
return 0;
if (unlikely(is_topdown_count(event)) && x86_pmu.update_topdown_event)
return x86_pmu.update_topdown_event(event);
/*
* Careful: an NMI might modify the previous event value.
*
* Our tactic to handle this is to first atomically read and
* exchange a new raw count - then add that new-prev delta
* count to the generic event atomically:
*/
again:
prev_raw_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
rdpmcl(hwc->event_base_rdpmc, new_raw_count);
if (local64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev_raw_count,
new_raw_count) != prev_raw_count)
goto again;
/*
* Now we have the new raw value and have updated the prev
* timestamp already. We can now calculate the elapsed delta
* (event-)time and add that to the generic event.
*
* Careful, not all hw sign-extends above the physical width
* of the count.
*/
delta = (new_raw_count << shift) - (prev_raw_count << shift);
delta >>= shift;
local64_add(delta, &event->count);
local64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left);
return new_raw_count;
}
/*
* Find and validate any extra registers to set up.
*/
static int x86_pmu_extra_regs(u64 config, struct perf_event *event)
{
struct extra_reg *extra_regs = hybrid(event->pmu, extra_regs);
struct hw_perf_event_extra *reg;
struct extra_reg *er;
reg = &event->hw.extra_reg;
if (!extra_regs)
return 0;
for (er = extra_regs; er->msr; er++) {
if (er->event != (config & er->config_mask))
continue;
if (event->attr.config1 & ~er->valid_mask)
return -EINVAL;
/* Check if the extra msrs can be safely accessed*/
if (!er->extra_msr_access)
return -ENXIO;
reg->idx = er->idx;
reg->config = event->attr.config1;
reg->reg = er->msr;
break;
}
return 0;
}
static atomic_t active_events;
static atomic_t pmc_refcount;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmc_reserve_mutex);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
static inline int get_possible_num_counters(void)
{
int i, num_counters = x86_pmu.num_counters;
if (!is_hybrid())
return num_counters;
for (i = 0; i < x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus; i++)
num_counters = max_t(int, num_counters, x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[i].num_counters);
return num_counters;
}
static bool reserve_pmc_hardware(void)
{
int i, num_counters = get_possible_num_counters();
for (i = 0; i < num_counters; i++) {
if (!reserve_perfctr_nmi(x86_pmu_event_addr(i)))
goto perfctr_fail;
}
for (i = 0; i < num_counters; i++) {
if (!reserve_evntsel_nmi(x86_pmu_config_addr(i)))
goto eventsel_fail;
}
return true;
eventsel_fail:
for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
release_evntsel_nmi(x86_pmu_config_addr(i));
i = num_counters;
perfctr_fail:
for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
release_perfctr_nmi(x86_pmu_event_addr(i));
return false;
}
static void release_pmc_hardware(void)
{
int i, num_counters = get_possible_num_counters();
for (i = 0; i < num_counters; i++) {
release_perfctr_nmi(x86_pmu_event_addr(i));
release_evntsel_nmi(x86_pmu_config_addr(i));
}
}
#else
static bool reserve_pmc_hardware(void) { return true; }
static void release_pmc_hardware(void) {}
#endif
bool check_hw_exists(struct pmu *pmu, int num_counters, int num_counters_fixed)
{
u64 val, val_fail = -1, val_new= ~0;
int i, reg, reg_fail = -1, ret = 0;
int bios_fail = 0;
int reg_safe = -1;
/*
* Check to see if the BIOS enabled any of the counters, if so
* complain and bail.
*/
for (i = 0; i < num_counters; i++) {
reg = x86_pmu_config_addr(i);
ret = rdmsrl_safe(reg, &val);
if (ret)
goto msr_fail;
if (val & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ENABLE) {
bios_fail = 1;
val_fail = val;
reg_fail = reg;
} else {
reg_safe = i;
}
}
if (num_counters_fixed) {
reg = MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR_CTRL;
ret = rdmsrl_safe(reg, &val);
if (ret)
goto msr_fail;
for (i = 0; i < num_counters_fixed; i++) {
if (fixed_counter_disabled(i, pmu))
continue;
if (val & (0x03ULL << i*4)) {
bios_fail = 1;
val_fail = val;
reg_fail = reg;
}
}
}
/*
* If all the counters are enabled, the below test will always
* fail. The tools will also become useless in this scenario.
* Just fail and disable the hardware counters.
*/
if (reg_safe == -1) {
reg = reg_safe;
goto msr_fail;
}
/*
* Read the current value, change it and read it back to see if it
* matches, this is needed to detect certain hardware emulators
* (qemu/kvm) that don't trap on the MSR access and always return 0s.
*/
reg = x86_pmu_event_addr(reg_safe);
if (rdmsrl_safe(reg, &val))
goto msr_fail;
val ^= 0xffffUL;
ret = wrmsrl_safe(reg, val);
ret |= rdmsrl_safe(reg, &val_new);
if (ret || val != val_new)
goto msr_fail;
/*
* We still allow the PMU driver to operate:
*/
if (bios_fail) {
pr_cont("Broken BIOS detected, complain to your hardware vendor.\n");
pr_err(FW_BUG "the BIOS has corrupted hw-PMU resources (MSR %x is %Lx)\n",
reg_fail, val_fail);
}
return true;
msr_fail:
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR)) {
pr_cont("PMU not available due to virtualization, using software events only.\n");
} else {
pr_cont("Broken PMU hardware detected, using software events only.\n");
pr_err("Failed to access perfctr msr (MSR %x is %Lx)\n",
reg, val_new);
}
return false;
}
static void hw_perf_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
{
x86_release_hardware();
atomic_dec(&active_events);
}
void hw_perf_lbr_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
{
hw_perf_event_destroy(event);
/* undo the lbr/bts event accounting */
x86_del_exclusive(x86_lbr_exclusive_lbr);
}
static inline int x86_pmu_initialized(void)
{
return x86_pmu.handle_irq != NULL;
}
static inline int
set_ext_hw_attr(struct hw_perf_event *hwc, struct perf_event *event)
{
struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr;
unsigned int cache_type, cache_op, cache_result;
u64 config, val;
config = attr->config;
cache_type = (config >> 0) & 0xff;
if (cache_type >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
cache_type = array_index_nospec(cache_type, PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX);
cache_op = (config >> 8) & 0xff;
if (cache_op >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
cache_op = array_index_nospec(cache_op, PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX);
cache_result = (config >> 16) & 0xff;
if (cache_result >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX)
return -EINVAL;
cache_result = array_index_nospec(cache_result, PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX);
val = hybrid_var(event->pmu, hw_cache_event_ids)[cache_type][cache_op][cache_result];
if (val == 0)
return -ENOENT;
if (val == -1)
return -EINVAL;
hwc->config |= val;
attr->config1 = hybrid_var(event->pmu, hw_cache_extra_regs)[cache_type][cache_op][cache_result];
return x86_pmu_extra_regs(val, event);
}
int x86_reserve_hardware(void)
{
int err = 0;
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&pmc_refcount)) {
mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
if (atomic_read(&pmc_refcount) == 0) {
if (!reserve_pmc_hardware()) {
err = -EBUSY;
} else {
reserve_ds_buffers();
reserve_lbr_buffers();
}
}
if (!err)
atomic_inc(&pmc_refcount);
mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
}
return err;
}
void x86_release_hardware(void)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&pmc_refcount, &pmc_reserve_mutex)) {
release_pmc_hardware();
release_ds_buffers();
release_lbr_buffers();
mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
}
}
/*
* Check if we can create event of a certain type (that no conflicting events
* are present).
*/
int x86_add_exclusive(unsigned int what)
{
int i;
/*
* When lbr_pt_coexist we allow PT to coexist with either LBR or BTS.
* LBR and BTS are still mutually exclusive.
*/
if (x86_pmu.lbr_pt_coexist && what == x86_lbr_exclusive_pt)
goto out;
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&x86_pmu.lbr_exclusive[what])) {
mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(x86_pmu.lbr_exclusive); i++) {
if (i != what && atomic_read(&x86_pmu.lbr_exclusive[i]))
goto fail_unlock;
}
atomic_inc(&x86_pmu.lbr_exclusive[what]);
mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
}
out:
atomic_inc(&active_events);
return 0;
fail_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
return -EBUSY;
}
void x86_del_exclusive(unsigned int what)
{
atomic_dec(&active_events);
/*
* See the comment in x86_add_exclusive().
*/
if (x86_pmu.lbr_pt_coexist && what == x86_lbr_exclusive_pt)
return;
atomic_dec(&x86_pmu.lbr_exclusive[what]);
}
int x86_setup_perfctr(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr;
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
u64 config;
if (!is_sampling_event(event)) {
hwc->sample_period = x86_pmu.max_period;
hwc->last_period = hwc->sample_period;
local64_set(&hwc->period_left, hwc->sample_period);
}
if (attr->type == event->pmu->type)
return x86_pmu_extra_regs(event->attr.config, event);
if (attr->type == PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE)
return set_ext_hw_attr(hwc, event);
if (attr->config >= x86_pmu.max_events)
return -EINVAL;
attr->config = array_index_nospec((unsigned long)attr->config, x86_pmu.max_events);
/*
* The generic map:
*/
config = x86_pmu.event_map(attr->config);
if (config == 0)
return -ENOENT;
if (config == -1LL)
return -EINVAL;
hwc->config |= config;
return 0;
}
/*
* check that branch_sample_type is compatible with
* settings needed for precise_ip > 1 which implies
* using the LBR to capture ALL taken branches at the
* priv levels of the measurement
*/
static inline int precise_br_compat(struct perf_event *event)
{
u64 m = event->attr.branch_sample_type;
u64 b = 0;
/* must capture all branches */
if (!(m & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_ANY))
return 0;
m &= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL | PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_USER;
if (!event->attr.exclude_user)
b |= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_USER;
if (!event->attr.exclude_kernel)
b |= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL;
/*
* ignore PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_HV, not supported on x86
*/
return m == b;
}
int x86_pmu_max_precise(void)
{
int precise = 0;
/* Support for constant skid */
if (x86_pmu.pebs_active && !x86_pmu.pebs_broken) {
precise++;
/* Support for IP fixup */
if (x86_pmu.lbr_nr || x86_pmu.intel_cap.pebs_format >= 2)
precise++;
if (x86_pmu.pebs_prec_dist)
precise++;
}
return precise;
}
int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (event->attr.precise_ip) {
int precise = x86_pmu_max_precise();
if (event->attr.precise_ip > precise)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
/* There's no sense in having PEBS for non sampling events: */
if (!is_sampling_event(event))
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* check that PEBS LBR correction does not conflict with
* whatever the user is asking with attr->branch_sample_type
*/
if (event->attr.precise_ip > 1 && x86_pmu.intel_cap.pebs_format < 2) {
u64 *br_type = &event->attr.branch_sample_type;
if (has_branch_stack(event)) {
if (!precise_br_compat(event))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
/* branch_sample_type is compatible */
} else {
/*
* user did not specify branch_sample_type
*
* For PEBS fixups, we capture all
* the branches at the priv level of the
* event.
*/
*br_type = PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_ANY;
if (!event->attr.exclude_user)
*br_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_USER;
if (!event->attr.exclude_kernel)
*br_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL;
}
}
if (event->attr.branch_sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_CALL_STACK)
event->attach_state |= PERF_ATTACH_TASK_DATA;
/*
* Generate PMC IRQs:
* (keep 'enabled' bit clear for now)
*/
event->hw.config = ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_INT;
/*
* Count user and OS events unless requested not to
*/
if (!event->attr.exclude_user)
event->hw.config |= ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_USR;
if (!event->attr.exclude_kernel)
event->hw.config |= ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_OS;
if (event->attr.type == event->pmu->type)
event->hw.config |= event->attr.config & X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK;
if (event->attr.sample_period && x86_pmu.limit_period) {
if (x86_pmu.limit_period(event, event->attr.sample_period) >
event->attr.sample_period)
return -EINVAL;
}
/* sample_regs_user never support XMM registers */
if (unlikely(event->attr.sample_regs_user & PERF_REG_EXTENDED_MASK))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Besides the general purpose registers, XMM registers may
* be collected in PEBS on some platforms, e.g. Icelake
*/
if (unlikely(event->attr.sample_regs_intr & PERF_REG_EXTENDED_MASK)) {
if (!(event->pmu->capabilities & PERF_PMU_CAP_EXTENDED_REGS))
return -EINVAL;
if (!event->attr.precise_ip)
return -EINVAL;
}
return x86_setup_perfctr(event);
}
/*
* Setup the hardware configuration for a given attr_type
*/
static int __x86_pmu_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
{
int err;
if (!x86_pmu_initialized())
return -ENODEV;
err = x86_reserve_hardware();
if (err)
return err;
atomic_inc(&active_events);
event->destroy = hw_perf_event_destroy;
event->hw.idx = -1;
event->hw.last_cpu = -1;
event->hw.last_tag = ~0ULL;
/* mark unused */
event->hw.extra_reg.idx = EXTRA_REG_NONE;
event->hw.branch_reg.idx = EXTRA_REG_NONE;
return x86_pmu.hw_config(event);
}
void x86_pmu_disable_all(void)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
int idx;
for (idx = 0; idx < x86_pmu.num_counters; idx++) {
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &cpuc->events[idx]->hw;
u64 val;
if (!test_bit(idx, cpuc->active_mask))
continue;
rdmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(idx), val);
if (!(val & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ENABLE))
continue;
val &= ~ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ENABLE;
wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(idx), val);
if (is_counter_pair(hwc))
wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(idx + 1), 0);
}
}
struct perf_guest_switch_msr *perf_guest_get_msrs(int *nr)
{
return static_call(x86_pmu_guest_get_msrs)(nr);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_guest_get_msrs);
/*
* There may be PMI landing after enabled=0. The PMI hitting could be before or
* after disable_all.
*
* If PMI hits before disable_all, the PMU will be disabled in the NMI handler.
* It will not be re-enabled in the NMI handler again, because enabled=0. After
* handling the NMI, disable_all will be called, which will not change the
* state either. If PMI hits after disable_all, the PMU is already disabled
* before entering NMI handler. The NMI handler will not change the state
* either.
*
* So either situation is harmless.
*/
static void x86_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
if (!x86_pmu_initialized())
return;
if (!cpuc->enabled)
return;
cpuc->n_added = 0;
cpuc->enabled = 0;
barrier();
static_call(x86_pmu_disable_all)();
}
void x86_pmu_enable_all(int added)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
int idx;
for (idx = 0; idx < x86_pmu.num_counters; idx++) {
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &cpuc->events[idx]->hw;
if (!test_bit(idx, cpuc->active_mask))
continue;
__x86_pmu_enable_event(hwc, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ENABLE);
}
}
static inline int is_x86_event(struct perf_event *event)
{
int i;
if (!is_hybrid())
return event->pmu == &pmu;
for (i = 0; i < x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus; i++) {
if (event->pmu == &x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[i].pmu)
return true;
}
return false;
}
struct pmu *x86_get_pmu(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &per_cpu(cpu_hw_events, cpu);
/*
* All CPUs of the hybrid type have been offline.
* The x86_get_pmu() should not be invoked.
*/
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpuc->pmu))
return &pmu;
return cpuc->pmu;
}
/*
* Event scheduler state:
*
* Assign events iterating over all events and counters, beginning
* with events with least weights first. Keep the current iterator
* state in struct sched_state.
*/
struct sched_state {
int weight;
int event; /* event index */
int counter; /* counter index */
int unassigned; /* number of events to be assigned left */
int nr_gp; /* number of GP counters used */
u64 used;
};
/* Total max is X86_PMC_IDX_MAX, but we are O(n!) limited */
#define SCHED_STATES_MAX 2
struct perf_sched {
int max_weight;
int max_events;
int max_gp;
int saved_states;
struct event_constraint **constraints;
struct sched_state state;
struct sched_state saved[SCHED_STATES_MAX];
};
/*
* Initialize iterator that runs through all events and counters.
*/
static void perf_sched_init(struct perf_sched *sched, struct event_constraint **constraints,
int num, int wmin, int wmax, int gpmax)
{
int idx;
memset(sched, 0, sizeof(*sched));
sched->max_events = num;
sched->max_weight = wmax;
sched->max_gp = gpmax;
sched->constraints = constraints;
for (idx = 0; idx < num; idx++) {
if (constraints[idx]->weight == wmin)
break;
}
sched->state.event = idx; /* start with min weight */
sched->state.weight = wmin;
sched->state.unassigned = num;
}
static void perf_sched_save_state(struct perf_sched *sched)
{
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(sched->saved_states >= SCHED_STATES_MAX))
return;
sched->saved[sched->saved_states] = sched->state;
sched->saved_states++;
}
static bool perf_sched_restore_state(struct perf_sched *sched)
{
if (!sched->saved_states)
return false;
sched->saved_states--;
sched->state = sched->saved[sched->saved_states];
/* this assignment didn't work out */
/* XXX broken vs EVENT_PAIR */
sched->state.used &= ~BIT_ULL(sched->state.counter);
/* try the next one */
sched->state.counter++;
return true;
}
/*
* Select a counter for the current event to schedule. Return true on
* success.
*/
static bool __perf_sched_find_counter(struct perf_sched *sched)
{
struct event_constraint *c;
int idx;
if (!sched->state.unassigned)
return false;
if (sched->state.event >= sched->max_events)
return false;
c = sched->constraints[sched->state.event];
/* Prefer fixed purpose counters */
if (c->idxmsk64 & (~0ULL << INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED)) {
idx = INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED;
for_each_set_bit_from(idx, c->idxmsk, X86_PMC_IDX_MAX) {
u64 mask = BIT_ULL(idx);
if (sched->state.used & mask)
continue;
sched->state.used |= mask;
goto done;
}
}
/* Grab the first unused counter starting with idx */
idx = sched->state.counter;
for_each_set_bit_from(idx, c->idxmsk, INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED) {
u64 mask = BIT_ULL(idx);
if (c->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR)
mask |= mask << 1;
if (sched->state.used & mask)
continue;
if (sched->state.nr_gp++ >= sched->max_gp)
return false;
sched->state.used |= mask;
goto done;
}
return false;
done:
sched->state.counter = idx;
if (c->overlap)
perf_sched_save_state(sched);
return true;
}
static bool perf_sched_find_counter(struct perf_sched *sched)
{
while (!__perf_sched_find_counter(sched)) {
if (!perf_sched_restore_state(sched))
return false;
}
return true;
}
/*
* Go through all unassigned events and find the next one to schedule.
* Take events with the least weight first. Return true on success.
*/
static bool perf_sched_next_event(struct perf_sched *sched)
{
struct event_constraint *c;
if (!sched->state.unassigned || !--sched->state.unassigned)
return false;
do {
/* next event */
sched->state.event++;
if (sched->state.event >= sched->max_events) {
/* next weight */
sched->state.event = 0;
sched->state.weight++;
if (sched->state.weight > sched->max_weight)
return false;
}
c = sched->constraints[sched->state.event];
} while (c->weight != sched->state.weight);
sched->state.counter = 0; /* start with first counter */
return true;
}
/*
* Assign a counter for each event.
*/
int perf_assign_events(struct event_constraint **constraints, int n,
int wmin, int wmax, int gpmax, int *assign)
{
struct perf_sched sched;
perf_sched_init(&sched, constraints, n, wmin, wmax, gpmax);
do {
if (!perf_sched_find_counter(&sched))
break; /* failed */
if (assign)
assign[sched.state.event] = sched.state.counter;
} while (perf_sched_next_event(&sched));
return sched.state.unassigned;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_assign_events);
int x86_schedule_events(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign)
{
int num_counters = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters);
struct event_constraint *c;
struct perf_event *e;
int n0, i, wmin, wmax, unsched = 0;
struct hw_perf_event *hwc;
u64 used_mask = 0;
/*
* Compute the number of events already present; see x86_pmu_add(),
* validate_group() and x86_pmu_commit_txn(). For the former two
* cpuc->n_events hasn't been updated yet, while for the latter
* cpuc->n_txn contains the number of events added in the current
* transaction.
*/
n0 = cpuc->n_events;
if (cpuc->txn_flags & PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD)
n0 -= cpuc->n_txn;
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_start_scheduling)(cpuc);
for (i = 0, wmin = X86_PMC_IDX_MAX, wmax = 0; i < n; i++) {
c = cpuc->event_constraint[i];
/*
* Previously scheduled events should have a cached constraint,
* while new events should not have one.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE((c && i >= n0) || (!c && i < n0));
/*
* Request constraints for new events; or for those events that
* have a dynamic constraint -- for those the constraint can
* change due to external factors (sibling state, allow_tfa).
*/
if (!c || (c->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC)) {
c = static_call(x86_pmu_get_event_constraints)(cpuc, i, cpuc->event_list[i]);
cpuc->event_constraint[i] = c;
}
wmin = min(wmin, c->weight);
wmax = max(wmax, c->weight);
}
/*
* fastpath, try to reuse previous register
*/
for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
u64 mask;
hwc = &cpuc->event_list[i]->hw;
c = cpuc->event_constraint[i];
/* never assigned */
if (hwc->idx == -1)
break;
/* constraint still honored */
if (!test_bit(hwc->idx, c->idxmsk))
break;
mask = BIT_ULL(hwc->idx);
if (is_counter_pair(hwc))
mask |= mask << 1;
/* not already used */
if (used_mask & mask)
break;
used_mask |= mask;
if (assign)
assign[i] = hwc->idx;
}
/* slow path */
if (i != n) {
int gpmax = num_counters;
/*
* Do not allow scheduling of more than half the available
* generic counters.
*
* This helps avoid counter starvation of sibling thread by
* ensuring at most half the counters cannot be in exclusive
* mode. There is no designated counters for the limits. Any
* N/2 counters can be used. This helps with events with
* specific counter constraints.
*/
if (is_ht_workaround_enabled() && !cpuc->is_fake &&
READ_ONCE(cpuc->excl_cntrs->exclusive_present))
gpmax /= 2;
/*
* Reduce the amount of available counters to allow fitting
* the extra Merge events needed by large increment events.
*/
if (x86_pmu.flags & PMU_FL_PAIR) {
gpmax = num_counters - cpuc->n_pair;
WARN_ON(gpmax <= 0);
}
unsched = perf_assign_events(cpuc->event_constraint, n, wmin,
wmax, gpmax, assign);
}
/*
* In case of success (unsched = 0), mark events as committed,
* so we do not put_constraint() in case new events are added
* and fail to be scheduled
*
* We invoke the lower level commit callback to lock the resource
*
* We do not need to do all of this in case we are called to
* validate an event group (assign == NULL)
*/
if (!unsched && assign) {
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_commit_scheduling)(cpuc, i, assign[i]);
} else {
for (i = n0; i < n; i++) {
e = cpuc->event_list[i];
/*
* release events that failed scheduling
*/
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_put_event_constraints)(cpuc, e);
cpuc->event_constraint[i] = NULL;
}
}
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_stop_scheduling)(cpuc);
return unsched ? -EINVAL : 0;
}
static int add_nr_metric_event(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc,
struct perf_event *event)
{
if (is_metric_event(event)) {
if (cpuc->n_metric == INTEL_TD_METRIC_NUM)
return -EINVAL;
cpuc->n_metric++;
cpuc->n_txn_metric++;
}
return 0;
}
static void del_nr_metric_event(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc,
struct perf_event *event)
{
if (is_metric_event(event))
cpuc->n_metric--;
}
static int collect_event(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, struct perf_event *event,
int max_count, int n)
{
union perf_capabilities intel_cap = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, intel_cap);
if (intel_cap.perf_metrics && add_nr_metric_event(cpuc, event))
return -EINVAL;
if (n >= max_count + cpuc->n_metric)
return -EINVAL;
cpuc->event_list[n] = event;
if (is_counter_pair(&event->hw)) {
cpuc->n_pair++;
cpuc->n_txn_pair++;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* dogrp: true if must collect siblings events (group)
* returns total number of events and error code
*/
static int collect_events(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, struct perf_event *leader, bool dogrp)
{
int num_counters = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters);
int num_counters_fixed = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters_fixed);
struct perf_event *event;
int n, max_count;
max_count = num_counters + num_counters_fixed;
/* current number of events already accepted */
n = cpuc->n_events;
if (!cpuc->n_events)
cpuc->pebs_output = 0;
if (!cpuc->is_fake && leader->attr.precise_ip) {
/*
* For PEBS->PT, if !aux_event, the group leader (PT) went
* away, the group was broken down and this singleton event
* can't schedule any more.
*/
if (is_pebs_pt(leader) && !leader->aux_event)
return -EINVAL;
/*
* pebs_output: 0: no PEBS so far, 1: PT, 2: DS
*/
if (cpuc->pebs_output &&
cpuc->pebs_output != is_pebs_pt(leader) + 1)
return -EINVAL;
cpuc->pebs_output = is_pebs_pt(leader) + 1;
}
if (is_x86_event(leader)) {
if (collect_event(cpuc, leader, max_count, n))
return -EINVAL;
n++;
}
if (!dogrp)
return n;
for_each_sibling_event(event, leader) {
if (!is_x86_event(event) || event->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
continue;
if (collect_event(cpuc, event, max_count, n))
return -EINVAL;
n++;
}
return n;
}
static inline void x86_assign_hw_event(struct perf_event *event,
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int i)
{
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
int idx;
idx = hwc->idx = cpuc->assign[i];
hwc->last_cpu = smp_processor_id();
hwc->last_tag = ++cpuc->tags[i];
switch (hwc->idx) {
case INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_BTS:
case INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_VLBR:
hwc->config_base = 0;
hwc->event_base = 0;
break;
case INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_BASE ... INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_END:
/* All the metric events are mapped onto the fixed counter 3. */
idx = INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_SLOTS;
fallthrough;
case INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED ... INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_BTS-1:
hwc->config_base = MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR_CTRL;
hwc->event_base = MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0 +
(idx - INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED);
hwc->event_base_rdpmc = (idx - INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED) |
INTEL_PMC_FIXED_RDPMC_BASE;
break;
default:
hwc->config_base = x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx);
hwc->event_base = x86_pmu_event_addr(hwc->idx);
hwc->event_base_rdpmc = x86_pmu_rdpmc_index(hwc->idx);
break;
}
}
/**
* x86_perf_rdpmc_index - Return PMC counter used for event
* @event: the perf_event to which the PMC counter was assigned
*
* The counter assigned to this performance event may change if interrupts
* are enabled. This counter should thus never be used while interrupts are
* enabled. Before this function is used to obtain the assigned counter the
* event should be checked for validity using, for example,
* perf_event_read_local(), within the same interrupt disabled section in
* which this counter is planned to be used.
*
* Return: The index of the performance monitoring counter assigned to
* @perf_event.
*/
int x86_perf_rdpmc_index(struct perf_event *event)
{
lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
return event->hw.event_base_rdpmc;
}
static inline int match_prev_assignment(struct hw_perf_event *hwc,
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc,
int i)
{
return hwc->idx == cpuc->assign[i] &&
hwc->last_cpu == smp_processor_id() &&
hwc->last_tag == cpuc->tags[i];
}
static void x86_pmu_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags);
static void x86_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
struct perf_event *event;
struct hw_perf_event *hwc;
int i, added = cpuc->n_added;
if (!x86_pmu_initialized())
return;
if (cpuc->enabled)
return;
if (cpuc->n_added) {
int n_running = cpuc->n_events - cpuc->n_added;
/*
* apply assignment obtained either from
* hw_perf_group_sched_in() or x86_pmu_enable()
*
* step1: save events moving to new counters
*/
for (i = 0; i < n_running; i++) {
event = cpuc->event_list[i];
hwc = &event->hw;
/*
* we can avoid reprogramming counter if:
* - assigned same counter as last time
* - running on same CPU as last time
* - no other event has used the counter since
*/
if (hwc->idx == -1 ||
match_prev_assignment(hwc, cpuc, i))
continue;
/*
* Ensure we don't accidentally enable a stopped
* counter simply because we rescheduled.
*/
if (hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)
hwc->state |= PERF_HES_ARCH;
x86_pmu_stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
}
/*
* step2: reprogram moved events into new counters
*/
for (i = 0; i < cpuc->n_events; i++) {
event = cpuc->event_list[i];
hwc = &event->hw;
if (!match_prev_assignment(hwc, cpuc, i))
x86_assign_hw_event(event, cpuc, i);
else if (i < n_running)
continue;
if (hwc->state & PERF_HES_ARCH)
continue;
x86_pmu_start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD);
}
cpuc->n_added = 0;
perf_events_lapic_init();
}
cpuc->enabled = 1;
barrier();
static_call(x86_pmu_enable_all)(added);
}
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64 [X86_PMC_IDX_MAX], pmc_prev_left);
/*
* Set the next IRQ period, based on the hwc->period_left value.
* To be called with the event disabled in hw:
*/
int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
s64 left = local64_read(&hwc->period_left);
s64 period = hwc->sample_period;
int ret = 0, idx = hwc->idx;
if (unlikely(!hwc->event_base))
return 0;
if (unlikely(is_topdown_count(event)) &&
x86_pmu.set_topdown_event_period)
return x86_pmu.set_topdown_event_period(event);
/*
* If we are way outside a reasonable range then just skip forward:
*/
if (unlikely(left <= -period)) {
left = period;
local64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
hwc->last_period = period;
ret = 1;
}
if (unlikely(left <= 0)) {
left += period;
local64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
hwc->last_period = period;
ret = 1;
}
/*
* Quirk: certain CPUs dont like it if just 1 hw_event is left:
*/
if (unlikely(left < 2))
left = 2;
if (left > x86_pmu.max_period)
left = x86_pmu.max_period;
if (x86_pmu.limit_period)
left = x86_pmu.limit_period(event, left);
per_cpu(pmc_prev_left[idx], smp_processor_id()) = left;
/*
* The hw event starts counting from this event offset,
* mark it to be able to extra future deltas:
*/
local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);
wrmsrl(hwc->event_base, (u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
/*
* Sign extend the Merge event counter's upper 16 bits since
* we currently declare a 48-bit counter width
*/
if (is_counter_pair(hwc))
wrmsrl(x86_pmu_event_addr(idx + 1), 0xffff);
/*
* Due to erratum on certan cpu we need
* a second write to be sure the register
* is updated properly
*/
if (x86_pmu.perfctr_second_write) {
wrmsrl(hwc->event_base,
(u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
}
perf_event_update_userpage(event);
return ret;
}
void x86_pmu_enable_event(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (__this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.enabled))
__x86_pmu_enable_event(&event->hw,
ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ENABLE);
}
/*
* Add a single event to the PMU.
*
* The event is added to the group of enabled events
* but only if it can be scheduled with existing events.
*/
static int x86_pmu_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
struct hw_perf_event *hwc;
int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX];
int n, n0, ret;
hwc = &event->hw;
n0 = cpuc->n_events;
ret = n = collect_events(cpuc, event, false);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
hwc->state = PERF_HES_UPTODATE | PERF_HES_STOPPED;
if (!(flags & PERF_EF_START))
hwc->state |= PERF_HES_ARCH;
/*
* If group events scheduling transaction was started,
* skip the schedulability test here, it will be performed
* at commit time (->commit_txn) as a whole.
*
* If commit fails, we'll call ->del() on all events
* for which ->add() was called.
*/
if (cpuc->txn_flags & PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD)
goto done_collect;
ret = static_call(x86_pmu_schedule_events)(cpuc, n, assign);
if (ret)
goto out;
/*
* copy new assignment, now we know it is possible
* will be used by hw_perf_enable()
*/
memcpy(cpuc->assign, assign, n*sizeof(int));
done_collect:
/*
* Commit the collect_events() state. See x86_pmu_del() and
* x86_pmu_*_txn().
*/
cpuc->n_events = n;
cpuc->n_added += n - n0;
cpuc->n_txn += n - n0;
/*
* This is before x86_pmu_enable() will call x86_pmu_start(),
* so we enable LBRs before an event needs them etc..
*/
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_add)(event);
ret = 0;
out:
return ret;
}
static void x86_pmu_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
int idx = event->hw.idx;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)))
return;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(idx == -1))
return;
if (flags & PERF_EF_RELOAD) {
WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE));
x86_perf_event_set_period(event);
}
event->hw.state = 0;
cpuc->events[idx] = event;
__set_bit(idx, cpuc->active_mask);
static_call(x86_pmu_enable)(event);
perf_event_update_userpage(event);
}
void perf_event_print_debug(void)
{
u64 ctrl, status, overflow, pmc_ctrl, pmc_count, prev_left, fixed;
u64 pebs, debugctl;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &per_cpu(cpu_hw_events, cpu);
int num_counters = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters);
int num_counters_fixed = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters_fixed);
struct event_constraint *pebs_constraints = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, pebs_constraints);
unsigned long flags;
int idx;
if (!num_counters)
return;
local_irq_save(flags);
if (x86_pmu.version >= 2) {
rdmsrl(MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL, ctrl);
rdmsrl(MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_STATUS, status);
rdmsrl(MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_OVF_CTRL, overflow);
rdmsrl(MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR_CTRL, fixed);
pr_info("\n");
pr_info("CPU#%d: ctrl: %016llx\n", cpu, ctrl);
pr_info("CPU#%d: status: %016llx\n", cpu, status);
pr_info("CPU#%d: overflow: %016llx\n", cpu, overflow);
pr_info("CPU#%d: fixed: %016llx\n", cpu, fixed);
if (pebs_constraints) {
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE, pebs);
pr_info("CPU#%d: pebs: %016llx\n", cpu, pebs);
}
if (x86_pmu.lbr_nr) {
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctl);
pr_info("CPU#%d: debugctl: %016llx\n", cpu, debugctl);
}
}
pr_info("CPU#%d: active: %016llx\n", cpu, *(u64 *)cpuc->active_mask);
for (idx = 0; idx < num_counters; idx++) {
rdmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(idx), pmc_ctrl);
rdmsrl(x86_pmu_event_addr(idx), pmc_count);
prev_left = per_cpu(pmc_prev_left[idx], cpu);
pr_info("CPU#%d: gen-PMC%d ctrl: %016llx\n",
cpu, idx, pmc_ctrl);
pr_info("CPU#%d: gen-PMC%d count: %016llx\n",
cpu, idx, pmc_count);
pr_info("CPU#%d: gen-PMC%d left: %016llx\n",
cpu, idx, prev_left);
}
for (idx = 0; idx < num_counters_fixed; idx++) {
if (fixed_counter_disabled(idx, cpuc->pmu))
continue;
rdmsrl(MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0 + idx, pmc_count);
pr_info("CPU#%d: fixed-PMC%d count: %016llx\n",
cpu, idx, pmc_count);
}
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
void x86_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
if (test_bit(hwc->idx, cpuc->active_mask)) {
static_call(x86_pmu_disable)(event);
__clear_bit(hwc->idx, cpuc->active_mask);
cpuc->events[hwc->idx] = NULL;
WARN_ON_ONCE(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED);
hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED;
}
if ((flags & PERF_EF_UPDATE) && !(hwc->state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE)) {
/*
* Drain the remaining delta count out of a event
* that we are disabling:
*/
x86_perf_event_update(event);
hwc->state |= PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
}
}
static void x86_pmu_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
union perf_capabilities intel_cap = hybrid(cpuc->pmu, intel_cap);
int i;
/*
* If we're called during a txn, we only need to undo x86_pmu.add.
* The events never got scheduled and ->cancel_txn will truncate
* the event_list.
*
* XXX assumes any ->del() called during a TXN will only be on
* an event added during that same TXN.
*/
if (cpuc->txn_flags & PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD)
goto do_del;
__set_bit(event->hw.idx, cpuc->dirty);
/*
* Not a TXN, therefore cleanup properly.
*/
x86_pmu_stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
for (i = 0; i < cpuc->n_events; i++) {
if (event == cpuc->event_list[i])
break;
}
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(i == cpuc->n_events)) /* called ->del() without ->add() ? */
return;
/* If we have a newly added event; make sure to decrease n_added. */
if (i >= cpuc->n_events - cpuc->n_added)
--cpuc->n_added;
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_put_event_constraints)(cpuc, event);
/* Delete the array entry. */
while (++i < cpuc->n_events) {
cpuc->event_list[i-1] = cpuc->event_list[i];
cpuc->event_constraint[i-1] = cpuc->event_constraint[i];
}
cpuc->event_constraint[i-1] = NULL;
--cpuc->n_events;
if (intel_cap.perf_metrics)
del_nr_metric_event(cpuc, event);
perf_event_update_userpage(event);
do_del:
/*
* This is after x86_pmu_stop(); so we disable LBRs after any
* event can need them etc..
*/
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_del)(event);
}
int x86_pmu_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct perf_sample_data data;
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc;
struct perf_event *event;
int idx, handled = 0;
u64 val;
cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
/*
* Some chipsets need to unmask the LVTPC in a particular spot
* inside the nmi handler. As a result, the unmasking was pushed
* into all the nmi handlers.
*
* This generic handler doesn't seem to have any issues where the
* unmasking occurs so it was left at the top.
*/
apic_write(APIC_LVTPC, APIC_DM_NMI);
for (idx = 0; idx < x86_pmu.num_counters; idx++) {
if (!test_bit(idx, cpuc->active_mask))
continue;
event = cpuc->events[idx];
val = x86_perf_event_update(event);
if (val & (1ULL << (x86_pmu.cntval_bits - 1)))
continue;
/*
* event overflow
*/
handled++;
perf_sample_data_init(&data, 0, event->hw.last_period);
if (!x86_perf_event_set_period(event))
continue;
if (perf_event_overflow(event, &data, regs))
x86_pmu_stop(event, 0);
}
if (handled)
inc_irq_stat(apic_perf_irqs);
return handled;
}
void perf_events_lapic_init(void)
{
if (!x86_pmu.apic || !x86_pmu_initialized())
return;
/*
* Always use NMI for PMU
*/
apic_write(APIC_LVTPC, APIC_DM_NMI);
}
static int
perf_event_nmi_handler(unsigned int cmd, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
u64 start_clock;
u64 finish_clock;
int ret;
/*
* All PMUs/events that share this PMI handler should make sure to
* increment active_events for their events.
*/
if (!atomic_read(&active_events))
return NMI_DONE;
start_clock = sched_clock();
ret = static_call(x86_pmu_handle_irq)(regs);
finish_clock = sched_clock();
perf_sample_event_took(finish_clock - start_clock);
return ret;
}
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(perf_event_nmi_handler);
struct event_constraint emptyconstraint;
struct event_constraint unconstrained;
static int x86_pmu_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &per_cpu(cpu_hw_events, cpu);
int i;
for (i = 0 ; i < X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX; i++)
cpuc->kfree_on_online[i] = NULL;
if (x86_pmu.cpu_prepare)
return x86_pmu.cpu_prepare(cpu);
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
if (x86_pmu.cpu_dead)
x86_pmu.cpu_dead(cpu);
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &per_cpu(cpu_hw_events, cpu);
int i;
for (i = 0 ; i < X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX; i++) {
kfree(cpuc->kfree_on_online[i]);
cpuc->kfree_on_online[i] = NULL;
}
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_starting_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
if (x86_pmu.cpu_starting)
x86_pmu.cpu_starting(cpu);
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
if (x86_pmu.cpu_dying)
x86_pmu.cpu_dying(cpu);
return 0;
}
static void __init pmu_check_apic(void)
{
if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_APIC))
return;
x86_pmu.apic = 0;
pr_info("no APIC, boot with the \"lapic\" boot parameter to force-enable it.\n");
pr_info("no hardware sampling interrupt available.\n");
/*
* If we have a PMU initialized but no APIC
* interrupts, we cannot sample hardware
* events (user-space has to fall back and
* sample via a hrtimer based software event):
*/
pmu.capabilities |= PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_INTERRUPT;
}
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_format_group __ro_after_init = {
.name = "format",
.attrs = NULL,
};
ssize_t events_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page)
{
struct perf_pmu_events_attr *pmu_attr =
container_of(attr, struct perf_pmu_events_attr, attr);
u64 config = 0;
if (pmu_attr->id < x86_pmu.max_events)
config = x86_pmu.event_map(pmu_attr->id);
/* string trumps id */
if (pmu_attr->event_str)
return sprintf(page, "%s", pmu_attr->event_str);
return x86_pmu.events_sysfs_show(page, config);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(events_sysfs_show);
ssize_t events_ht_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
char *page)
{
struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr *pmu_attr =
container_of(attr, struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr, attr);
/*
* Report conditional events depending on Hyper-Threading.
*
* This is overly conservative as usually the HT special
* handling is not needed if the other CPU thread is idle.
*
* Note this does not (and cannot) handle the case when thread
* siblings are invisible, for example with virtualization
* if they are owned by some other guest. The user tool
* has to re-read when a thread sibling gets onlined later.
*/
return sprintf(page, "%s",
topology_max_smt_threads() > 1 ?
pmu_attr->event_str_ht :
pmu_attr->event_str_noht);
}
ssize_t events_hybrid_sysfs_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
char *page)
{
struct perf_pmu_events_hybrid_attr *pmu_attr =
container_of(attr, struct perf_pmu_events_hybrid_attr, attr);
struct x86_hybrid_pmu *pmu;
const char *str, *next_str;
int i;
if (hweight64(pmu_attr->pmu_type) == 1)
return sprintf(page, "%s", pmu_attr->event_str);
/*
* Hybrid PMUs may support the same event name, but with different
* event encoding, e.g., the mem-loads event on an Atom PMU has
* different event encoding from a Core PMU.
*
* The event_str includes all event encodings. Each event encoding
* is divided by ";". The order of the event encodings must follow
* the order of the hybrid PMU index.
*/
pmu = container_of(dev_get_drvdata(dev), struct x86_hybrid_pmu, pmu);
str = pmu_attr->event_str;
for (i = 0; i < x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus; i++) {
if (!(x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[i].cpu_type & pmu_attr->pmu_type))
continue;
if (x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[i].cpu_type & pmu->cpu_type) {
next_str = strchr(str, ';');
if (next_str)
return snprintf(page, next_str - str + 1, "%s", str);
else
return sprintf(page, "%s", str);
}
str = strchr(str, ';');
str++;
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(events_hybrid_sysfs_show);
EVENT_ATTR(cpu-cycles, CPU_CYCLES );
EVENT_ATTR(instructions, INSTRUCTIONS );
EVENT_ATTR(cache-references, CACHE_REFERENCES );
EVENT_ATTR(cache-misses, CACHE_MISSES );
EVENT_ATTR(branch-instructions, BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS );
EVENT_ATTR(branch-misses, BRANCH_MISSES );
EVENT_ATTR(bus-cycles, BUS_CYCLES );
EVENT_ATTR(stalled-cycles-frontend, STALLED_CYCLES_FRONTEND );
EVENT_ATTR(stalled-cycles-backend, STALLED_CYCLES_BACKEND );
EVENT_ATTR(ref-cycles, REF_CPU_CYCLES );
static struct attribute *empty_attrs;
static struct attribute *events_attr[] = {
EVENT_PTR(CPU_CYCLES),
EVENT_PTR(INSTRUCTIONS),
EVENT_PTR(CACHE_REFERENCES),
EVENT_PTR(CACHE_MISSES),
EVENT_PTR(BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS),
EVENT_PTR(BRANCH_MISSES),
EVENT_PTR(BUS_CYCLES),
EVENT_PTR(STALLED_CYCLES_FRONTEND),
EVENT_PTR(STALLED_CYCLES_BACKEND),
EVENT_PTR(REF_CPU_CYCLES),
NULL,
};
/*
* Remove all undefined events (x86_pmu.event_map(id) == 0)
* out of events_attr attributes.
*/
static umode_t
is_visible(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, int idx)
{
struct perf_pmu_events_attr *pmu_attr;
if (idx >= x86_pmu.max_events)
return 0;
pmu_attr = container_of(attr, struct perf_pmu_events_attr, attr.attr);
/* str trumps id */
return pmu_attr->event_str || x86_pmu.event_map(idx) ? attr->mode : 0;
}
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_events_group __ro_after_init = {
.name = "events",
.attrs = events_attr,
.is_visible = is_visible,
};
ssize_t x86_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config, u64 event)
{
u64 umask = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_UMASK) >> 8;
u64 cmask = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_CMASK) >> 24;
bool edge = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EDGE);
bool pc = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_PIN_CONTROL);
bool any = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_ANY);
bool inv = (config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_INV);
ssize_t ret;
/*
* We have whole page size to spend and just little data
* to write, so we can safely use sprintf.
*/
ret = sprintf(page, "event=0x%02llx", event);
if (umask)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",umask=0x%02llx", umask);
if (edge)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",edge");
if (pc)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",pc");
if (any)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",any");
if (inv)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",inv");
if (cmask)
ret += sprintf(page + ret, ",cmask=0x%02llx", cmask);
ret += sprintf(page + ret, "\n");
return ret;
}
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_attr_group;
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_caps_group;
static void x86_pmu_static_call_update(void)
{
static_call_update(x86_pmu_handle_irq, x86_pmu.handle_irq);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_disable_all, x86_pmu.disable_all);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_enable_all, x86_pmu.enable_all);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_enable, x86_pmu.enable);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_disable, x86_pmu.disable);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_add, x86_pmu.add);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_del, x86_pmu.del);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_read, x86_pmu.read);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_schedule_events, x86_pmu.schedule_events);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_get_event_constraints, x86_pmu.get_event_constraints);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_put_event_constraints, x86_pmu.put_event_constraints);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_start_scheduling, x86_pmu.start_scheduling);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_commit_scheduling, x86_pmu.commit_scheduling);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_stop_scheduling, x86_pmu.stop_scheduling);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_sched_task, x86_pmu.sched_task);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_swap_task_ctx, x86_pmu.swap_task_ctx);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_drain_pebs, x86_pmu.drain_pebs);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_pebs_aliases, x86_pmu.pebs_aliases);
static_call_update(x86_pmu_guest_get_msrs, x86_pmu.guest_get_msrs);
}
static void _x86_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
{
x86_perf_event_update(event);
}
void x86_pmu_show_pmu_cap(int num_counters, int num_counters_fixed,
u64 intel_ctrl)
{
pr_info("... version: %d\n", x86_pmu.version);
pr_info("... bit width: %d\n", x86_pmu.cntval_bits);
pr_info("... generic registers: %d\n", num_counters);
pr_info("... value mask: %016Lx\n", x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
pr_info("... max period: %016Lx\n", x86_pmu.max_period);
pr_info("... fixed-purpose events: %lu\n",
hweight64((((1ULL << num_counters_fixed) - 1)
<< INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED) & intel_ctrl));
pr_info("... event mask: %016Lx\n", intel_ctrl);
}
/*
* The generic code is not hybrid friendly. The hybrid_pmu->pmu
* of the first registered PMU is unconditionally assigned to
* each possible cpuctx->ctx.pmu.
* Update the correct hybrid PMU to the cpuctx->ctx.pmu.
*/
void x86_pmu_update_cpu_context(struct pmu *pmu, int cpu)
{
struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx;
if (!pmu->pmu_cpu_context)
return;
cpuctx = per_cpu_ptr(pmu->pmu_cpu_context, cpu);
cpuctx->ctx.pmu = pmu;
}
static int __init init_hw_perf_events(void)
{
struct x86_pmu_quirk *quirk;
int err;
pr_info("Performance Events: ");
switch (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor) {
case X86_VENDOR_INTEL:
err = intel_pmu_init();
break;
case X86_VENDOR_AMD:
err = amd_pmu_init();
break;
case X86_VENDOR_HYGON:
err = amd_pmu_init();
x86_pmu.name = "HYGON";
break;
case X86_VENDOR_ZHAOXIN:
case X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR:
err = zhaoxin_pmu_init();
break;
default:
err = -ENOTSUPP;
}
if (err != 0) {
pr_cont("no PMU driver, software events only.\n");
return 0;
}
pmu_check_apic();
/* sanity check that the hardware exists or is emulated */
if (!check_hw_exists(&pmu, x86_pmu.num_counters, x86_pmu.num_counters_fixed))
return 0;
pr_cont("%s PMU driver.\n", x86_pmu.name);
x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc = 1; /* enable userspace RDPMC usage by default */
for (quirk = x86_pmu.quirks; quirk; quirk = quirk->next)
quirk->func();
if (!x86_pmu.intel_ctrl)
x86_pmu.intel_ctrl = (1 << x86_pmu.num_counters) - 1;
perf_events_lapic_init();
register_nmi_handler(NMI_LOCAL, perf_event_nmi_handler, 0, "PMI");
unconstrained = (struct event_constraint)
__EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, (1ULL << x86_pmu.num_counters) - 1,
0, x86_pmu.num_counters, 0, 0);
x86_pmu_format_group.attrs = x86_pmu.format_attrs;
if (!x86_pmu.events_sysfs_show)
x86_pmu_events_group.attrs = &empty_attrs;
pmu.attr_update = x86_pmu.attr_update;
if (!is_hybrid()) {
x86_pmu_show_pmu_cap(x86_pmu.num_counters,
x86_pmu.num_counters_fixed,
x86_pmu.intel_ctrl);
}
if (!x86_pmu.read)
x86_pmu.read = _x86_pmu_read;
if (!x86_pmu.guest_get_msrs)
x86_pmu.guest_get_msrs = (void *)&__static_call_return0;
x86_pmu_static_call_update();
/*
* Install callbacks. Core will call them for each online
* cpu.
*/
err = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_PERF_X86_PREPARE, "perf/x86:prepare",
x86_pmu_prepare_cpu, x86_pmu_dead_cpu);
if (err)
return err;
err = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_STARTING,
"perf/x86:starting", x86_pmu_starting_cpu,
x86_pmu_dying_cpu);
if (err)
goto out;
err = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_ONLINE, "perf/x86:online",
x86_pmu_online_cpu, NULL);
if (err)
goto out1;
if (!is_hybrid()) {
err = perf_pmu_register(&pmu, "cpu", PERF_TYPE_RAW);
if (err)
goto out2;
} else {
u8 cpu_type = get_this_hybrid_cpu_type();
struct x86_hybrid_pmu *hybrid_pmu;
int i, j;
if (!cpu_type && x86_pmu.get_hybrid_cpu_type)
cpu_type = x86_pmu.get_hybrid_cpu_type();
for (i = 0; i < x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus; i++) {
hybrid_pmu = &x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[i];
hybrid_pmu->pmu = pmu;
hybrid_pmu->pmu.type = -1;
hybrid_pmu->pmu.attr_update = x86_pmu.attr_update;
hybrid_pmu->pmu.capabilities |= PERF_PMU_CAP_HETEROGENEOUS_CPUS;
hybrid_pmu->pmu.capabilities |= PERF_PMU_CAP_EXTENDED_HW_TYPE;
err = perf_pmu_register(&hybrid_pmu->pmu, hybrid_pmu->name,
(hybrid_pmu->cpu_type == hybrid_big) ? PERF_TYPE_RAW : -1);
if (err)
break;
if (cpu_type == hybrid_pmu->cpu_type)
x86_pmu_update_cpu_context(&hybrid_pmu->pmu, raw_smp_processor_id());
}
if (i < x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus) {
for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
perf_pmu_unregister(&x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu[j].pmu);
pr_warn("Failed to register hybrid PMUs\n");
kfree(x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu);
x86_pmu.hybrid_pmu = NULL;
x86_pmu.num_hybrid_pmus = 0;
goto out2;
}
}
return 0;
out2:
cpuhp_remove_state(CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_ONLINE);
out1:
cpuhp_remove_state(CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_STARTING);
out:
cpuhp_remove_state(CPUHP_PERF_X86_PREPARE);
return err;
}
early_initcall(init_hw_perf_events);
static void x86_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
{
static_call(x86_pmu_read)(event);
}
/*
* Start group events scheduling transaction
* Set the flag to make pmu::enable() not perform the
* schedulability test, it will be performed at commit time
*
* We only support PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD transactions. Save the
* transaction flags but otherwise ignore non-PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD
* transactions.
*/
static void x86_pmu_start_txn(struct pmu *pmu, unsigned int txn_flags)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpuc->txn_flags); /* txn already in flight */
cpuc->txn_flags = txn_flags;
if (txn_flags & ~PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD)
return;
perf_pmu_disable(pmu);
__this_cpu_write(cpu_hw_events.n_txn, 0);
__this_cpu_write(cpu_hw_events.n_txn_pair, 0);
__this_cpu_write(cpu_hw_events.n_txn_metric, 0);
}
/*
* Stop group events scheduling transaction
* Clear the flag and pmu::enable() will perform the
* schedulability test.
*/
static void x86_pmu_cancel_txn(struct pmu *pmu)
{
unsigned int txn_flags;
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpuc->txn_flags); /* no txn in flight */
txn_flags = cpuc->txn_flags;
cpuc->txn_flags = 0;
if (txn_flags & ~PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD)
return;
/*
* Truncate collected array by the number of events added in this
* transaction. See x86_pmu_add() and x86_pmu_*_txn().
*/
__this_cpu_sub(cpu_hw_events.n_added, __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.n_txn));
__this_cpu_sub(cpu_hw_events.n_events, __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.n_txn));
__this_cpu_sub(cpu_hw_events.n_pair, __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.n_txn_pair));
__this_cpu_sub(cpu_hw_events.n_metric, __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.n_txn_metric));
perf_pmu_enable(pmu);
}
/*
* Commit group events scheduling transaction
* Perform the group schedulability test as a whole
* Return 0 if success
*
* Does not cancel the transaction on failure; expects the caller to do this.
*/
static int x86_pmu_commit_txn(struct pmu *pmu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX];
int n, ret;
WARN_ON_ONCE(!cpuc->txn_flags); /* no txn in flight */
if (cpuc->txn_flags & ~PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD) {
cpuc->txn_flags = 0;
return 0;
}
n = cpuc->n_events;
if (!x86_pmu_initialized())
return -EAGAIN;
ret = static_call(x86_pmu_schedule_events)(cpuc, n, assign);
if (ret)
return ret;
/*
* copy new assignment, now we know it is possible
* will be used by hw_perf_enable()
*/
memcpy(cpuc->assign, assign, n*sizeof(int));
cpuc->txn_flags = 0;
perf_pmu_enable(pmu);
return 0;
}
/*
* a fake_cpuc is used to validate event groups. Due to
* the extra reg logic, we need to also allocate a fake
* per_core and per_cpu structure. Otherwise, group events
* using extra reg may conflict without the kernel being
* able to catch this when the last event gets added to
* the group.
*/
static void free_fake_cpuc(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc)
{
intel_cpuc_finish(cpuc);
kfree(cpuc);
}
static struct cpu_hw_events *allocate_fake_cpuc(struct pmu *event_pmu)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc;
int cpu;
cpuc = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpuc), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!cpuc)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
cpuc->is_fake = 1;
if (is_hybrid()) {
struct x86_hybrid_pmu *h_pmu;
h_pmu = hybrid_pmu(event_pmu);
if (cpumask_empty(&h_pmu->supported_cpus))
goto error;
cpu = cpumask_first(&h_pmu->supported_cpus);
} else
cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
cpuc->pmu = event_pmu;
if (intel_cpuc_prepare(cpuc, cpu))
goto error;
return cpuc;
error:
free_fake_cpuc(cpuc);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
/*
* validate that we can schedule this event
*/
static int validate_event(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *fake_cpuc;
struct event_constraint *c;
int ret = 0;
fake_cpuc = allocate_fake_cpuc(event->pmu);
if (IS_ERR(fake_cpuc))
return PTR_ERR(fake_cpuc);
c = x86_pmu.get_event_constraints(fake_cpuc, 0, event);
if (!c || !c->weight)
ret = -EINVAL;
if (x86_pmu.put_event_constraints)
x86_pmu.put_event_constraints(fake_cpuc, event);
free_fake_cpuc(fake_cpuc);
return ret;
}
/*
* validate a single event group
*
* validation include:
* - check events are compatible which each other
* - events do not compete for the same counter
* - number of events <= number of counters
*
* validation ensures the group can be loaded onto the
* PMU if it was the only group available.
*/
static int validate_group(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader;
struct cpu_hw_events *fake_cpuc;
int ret = -EINVAL, n;
/*
* Reject events from different hybrid PMUs.
*/
if (is_hybrid()) {
struct perf_event *sibling;
struct pmu *pmu = NULL;
if (is_x86_event(leader))
pmu = leader->pmu;
for_each_sibling_event(sibling, leader) {
if (!is_x86_event(sibling))
continue;
if (!pmu)
pmu = sibling->pmu;
else if (pmu != sibling->pmu)
return ret;
}
}
fake_cpuc = allocate_fake_cpuc(event->pmu);
if (IS_ERR(fake_cpuc))
return PTR_ERR(fake_cpuc);
/*
* the event is not yet connected with its
* siblings therefore we must first collect
* existing siblings, then add the new event
* before we can simulate the scheduling
*/
n = collect_events(fake_cpuc, leader, true);
if (n < 0)
goto out;
fake_cpuc->n_events = n;
n = collect_events(fake_cpuc, event, false);
if (n < 0)
goto out;
fake_cpuc->n_events = 0;
ret = x86_pmu.schedule_events(fake_cpuc, n, NULL);
out:
free_fake_cpuc(fake_cpuc);
return ret;
}
static int x86_pmu_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct x86_hybrid_pmu *pmu = NULL;
int err;
if ((event->attr.type != event->pmu->type) &&
(event->attr.type != PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE) &&
(event->attr.type != PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE))
return -ENOENT;
if (is_hybrid() && (event->cpu != -1)) {
pmu = hybrid_pmu(event->pmu);
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(event->cpu, &pmu->supported_cpus))
return -ENOENT;
}
err = __x86_pmu_event_init(event);
if (!err) {
if (event->group_leader != event)
err = validate_group(event);
else
err = validate_event(event);
}
if (err) {
if (event->destroy)
event->destroy(event);
event->destroy = NULL;
}
if (READ_ONCE(x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc) &&
!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_LARGE_PEBS))
event->hw.flags |= PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED;
return err;
}
void perf_clear_dirty_counters(void)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
int i;
/* Don't need to clear the assigned counter. */
for (i = 0; i < cpuc->n_events; i++)
__clear_bit(cpuc->assign[i], cpuc->dirty);
if (bitmap_empty(cpuc->dirty, X86_PMC_IDX_MAX))
return;
for_each_set_bit(i, cpuc->dirty, X86_PMC_IDX_MAX) {
if (i >= INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED) {
/* Metrics and fake events don't have corresponding HW counters. */
if ((i - INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED) >= hybrid(cpuc->pmu, num_counters_fixed))
continue;
wrmsrl(MSR_ARCH_PERFMON_FIXED_CTR0 + (i - INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED), 0);
} else {
wrmsrl(x86_pmu_event_addr(i), 0);
}
}
bitmap_zero(cpuc->dirty, X86_PMC_IDX_MAX);
}
static void x86_pmu_event_mapped(struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
if (!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED))
return;
/*
* This function relies on not being called concurrently in two
* tasks in the same mm. Otherwise one task could observe
* perf_rdpmc_allowed > 1 and return all the way back to
* userspace with CR4.PCE clear while another task is still
* doing on_each_cpu_mask() to propagate CR4.PCE.
*
* For now, this can't happen because all callers hold mmap_lock
* for write. If this changes, we'll need a different solution.
*/
mmap_assert_write_locked(mm);
if (atomic_inc_return(&mm->context.perf_rdpmc_allowed) == 1)
on_each_cpu_mask(mm_cpumask(mm), cr4_update_pce, NULL, 1);
}
static void x86_pmu_event_unmapped(struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
if (!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED))
return;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->context.perf_rdpmc_allowed))
on_each_cpu_mask(mm_cpumask(mm), cr4_update_pce, NULL, 1);
}
static int x86_pmu_event_idx(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
if (!(hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED))
return 0;
if (is_metric_idx(hwc->idx))
return INTEL_PMC_FIXED_RDPMC_METRICS + 1;
else
return hwc->event_base_rdpmc + 1;
}
static ssize_t get_attr_rdpmc(struct device *cdev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
{
return snprintf(buf, 40, "%d\n", x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc);
}
static ssize_t set_attr_rdpmc(struct device *cdev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
unsigned long val;
ssize_t ret;
ret = kstrtoul(buf, 0, &val);
if (ret)
return ret;
if (val > 2)
return -EINVAL;
if (x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc_broken)
return -ENOTSUPP;
if (val != x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc) {
/*
* Changing into or out of never available or always available,
* aka perf-event-bypassing mode. This path is extremely slow,
* but only root can trigger it, so it's okay.
*/
if (val == 0)
static_branch_inc(&rdpmc_never_available_key);
else if (x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc == 0)
static_branch_dec(&rdpmc_never_available_key);
if (val == 2)
static_branch_inc(&rdpmc_always_available_key);
else if (x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc == 2)
static_branch_dec(&rdpmc_always_available_key);
on_each_cpu(cr4_update_pce, NULL, 1);
x86_pmu.attr_rdpmc = val;
}
return count;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(rdpmc, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR, get_attr_rdpmc, set_attr_rdpmc);
static struct attribute *x86_pmu_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_rdpmc.attr,
NULL,
};
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_attr_group __ro_after_init = {
.attrs = x86_pmu_attrs,
};
static ssize_t max_precise_show(struct device *cdev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
{
return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", x86_pmu_max_precise());
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(max_precise);
static struct attribute *x86_pmu_caps_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_max_precise.attr,
NULL
};
static struct attribute_group x86_pmu_caps_group __ro_after_init = {
.name = "caps",
.attrs = x86_pmu_caps_attrs,
};
static const struct attribute_group *x86_pmu_attr_groups[] = {
&x86_pmu_attr_group,
&x86_pmu_format_group,
&x86_pmu_events_group,
&x86_pmu_caps_group,
NULL,
};
static void x86_pmu_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in)
{
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_sched_task)(ctx, sched_in);
}
static void x86_pmu_swap_task_ctx(struct perf_event_context *prev,
struct perf_event_context *next)
{
static_call_cond(x86_pmu_swap_task_ctx)(prev, next);
}
void perf_check_microcode(void)
{
if (x86_pmu.check_microcode)
x86_pmu.check_microcode();
}
static int x86_pmu_check_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value)
{
if (x86_pmu.check_period && x86_pmu.check_period(event, value))
return -EINVAL;
if (value && x86_pmu.limit_period) {
if (x86_pmu.limit_period(event, value) > value)
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_aux_output_match(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (!(pmu.capabilities & PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_OUTPUT))
return 0;
if (x86_pmu.aux_output_match)
return x86_pmu.aux_output_match(event);
return 0;
}
static int x86_pmu_filter_match(struct perf_event *event)
{
if (x86_pmu.filter_match)
return x86_pmu.filter_match(event);
return 1;
}
static struct pmu pmu = {
.pmu_enable = x86_pmu_enable,
.pmu_disable = x86_pmu_disable,
.attr_groups = x86_pmu_attr_groups,
.event_init = x86_pmu_event_init,
.event_mapped = x86_pmu_event_mapped,
.event_unmapped = x86_pmu_event_unmapped,
.add = x86_pmu_add,
.del = x86_pmu_del,
.start = x86_pmu_start,
.stop = x86_pmu_stop,
.read = x86_pmu_read,
.start_txn = x86_pmu_start_txn,
.cancel_txn = x86_pmu_cancel_txn,
.commit_txn = x86_pmu_commit_txn,
.event_idx = x86_pmu_event_idx,
.sched_task = x86_pmu_sched_task,
.swap_task_ctx = x86_pmu_swap_task_ctx,
.check_period = x86_pmu_check_period,
.aux_output_match = x86_pmu_aux_output_match,
.filter_match = x86_pmu_filter_match,
};
void arch_perf_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event,
struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg, u64 now)
{
struct cyc2ns_data data;
u64 offset;
userpg->cap_user_time = 0;
userpg->cap_user_time_zero = 0;
userpg->cap_user_rdpmc =
!!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED);
userpg->pmc_width = x86_pmu.cntval_bits;
if (!using_native_sched_clock() || !sched_clock_stable())
return;
cyc2ns_read_begin(&data);
offset = data.cyc2ns_offset + __sched_clock_offset;
/*
* Internal timekeeping for enabled/running/stopped times
* is always in the local_clock domain.
*/
userpg->cap_user_time = 1;
userpg->time_mult = data.cyc2ns_mul;
userpg->time_shift = data.cyc2ns_shift;
userpg->time_offset = offset - now;
/*
* cap_user_time_zero doesn't make sense when we're using a different
* time base for the records.
*/
if (!event->attr.use_clockid) {
userpg->cap_user_time_zero = 1;
userpg->time_zero = offset;
}
cyc2ns_read_end();
}
/*
* Determine whether the regs were taken from an irq/exception handler rather
* than from perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs().
*/
static bool perf_hw_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
return regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
}
void
perf_callchain_kernel(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct unwind_state state;
unsigned long addr;
if (perf_guest_cbs && perf_guest_cbs->is_in_guest()) {
/* TODO: We don't support guest os callchain now */
return;
}
if (perf_callchain_store(entry, regs->ip))
return;
if (perf_hw_regs(regs))
unwind_start(&state, current, regs, NULL);
else
unwind_start(&state, current, NULL, (void *)regs->sp);
for (; !unwind_done(&state); unwind_next_frame(&state)) {
addr = unwind_get_return_address(&state);
if (!addr || perf_callchain_store(entry, addr))
return;
}
}
static inline int
valid_user_frame(const void __user *fp, unsigned long size)
{
return (__range_not_ok(fp, size, TASK_SIZE) == 0);
}
static unsigned long get_segment_base(unsigned int segment)
{
struct desc_struct *desc;
unsigned int idx = segment >> 3;
if ((segment & SEGMENT_TI_MASK) == SEGMENT_LDT) {
#ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL
struct ldt_struct *ldt;
/* IRQs are off, so this synchronizes with smp_store_release */
ldt = READ_ONCE(current->active_mm->context.ldt);
if (!ldt || idx >= ldt->nr_entries)
return 0;
desc = &ldt->entries[idx];
#else
return 0;
#endif
} else {
if (idx >= GDT_ENTRIES)
return 0;
desc = raw_cpu_ptr(gdt_page.gdt) + idx;
}
return get_desc_base(desc);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
#include <linux/compat.h>
static inline int
perf_callchain_user32(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry)
{
/* 32-bit process in 64-bit kernel. */
unsigned long ss_base, cs_base;
struct stack_frame_ia32 frame;
const struct stack_frame_ia32 __user *fp;
if (user_64bit_mode(regs))
return 0;
cs_base = get_segment_base(regs->cs);
ss_base = get_segment_base(regs->ss);
fp = compat_ptr(ss_base + regs->bp);
pagefault_disable();
while (entry->nr < entry->max_stack) {
if (!valid_user_frame(fp, sizeof(frame)))
break;
if (__get_user(frame.next_frame, &fp->next_frame))
break;
if (__get_user(frame.return_address, &fp->return_address))
break;
perf_callchain_store(entry, cs_base + frame.return_address);
fp = compat_ptr(ss_base + frame.next_frame);
}
pagefault_enable();
return 1;
}
#else
static inline int
perf_callchain_user32(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry)