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.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
Probing devices in other D states than 0
In some cases it may be preferred to leave certain devices powered off for the
entire system bootup if powering on these devices has adverse side effects,
beyond just powering on the said device.
How it works
The _DSC (Device State for Configuration) object that evaluates to an integer
may be used to tell Linux the highest allowed D state for a device during
probe. The support for _DSC requires support from the kernel bus type if the
bus driver normally sets the device in D0 state for probe.
The downside of using _DSC is that as the device is not powered on, even if
there's a problem with the device, the driver likely probes just fine but the
first user will find out the device doesn't work, instead of a failure at probe
time. This feature should thus be used sparingly.
If an I²C driver indicates its support for this by setting the
I2C_DRV_ACPI_WAIVE_D0_PROBE flag in struct i2c_driver.flags field and the
_DSC object evaluates to integer higher than the D state of the device,
the device will not be powered on (put in D0 state) for probe.
D states
The D states and thus also the allowed values for _DSC are listed below. Refer
to [1] for more information on device power states.
.. code-block:: text
Number State Description
0 D0 Device fully powered on
1 D1
2 D2
3 D3hot
4 D3cold Off
An ASL example describing an ACPI device using _DSC object to tell Operating
System the device should remain powered off during probe looks like this. Some
objects not relevant from the example point of view have been omitted.
.. code-block:: text
Device (CAM0)
Name (_HID, "SONY319A")
Name (_UID, Zero)
Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
I2cSerialBus(0x0020, ControllerInitiated, 0x00061A80,
AddressingMode7Bit, "\\_SB.PCI0.I2C0",
0x00, ResourceConsumer)
Method (_DSC, 0, NotSerialized)
Return (0x4)