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S/390 PCI
- Pierre Morel
Copyright, IBM Corp. 2020
Command line parameters and debugfs entries
Command line parameters
* nomio
Do not use PCI Mapped I/O (MIO) instructions.
* norid
Ignore the RID field and force use of one PCI domain per PCI function.
debugfs entries
The S/390 debug feature (s390dbf) generates views to hold various debug results in sysfs directories of the form:
* /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/pci_*/
For example:
- /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/pci_msg/sprintf
Holds messages from the processing of PCI events, like machine check handling
and setting of global functionality, like UID checking.
Change the level of logging to be more or less verbose by piping
a number between 0 and 6 to /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/pci_*/level. For
details, see the documentation on the S/390 debug feature at
Sysfs entries
Entries specific to zPCI functions and entries that hold zPCI information.
* /sys/bus/pci/slots/XXXXXXXX
The slot entries are set up using the function identifier (FID) of the
PCI function. The format depicted as XXXXXXXX above is 8 hexadecimal digits
with 0 padding and lower case hexadecimal digitis.
- /sys/bus/pci/slots/XXXXXXXX/power
A physical function that currently supports a virtual function cannot be
powered off until all virtual functions are removed with:
echo 0 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/XXXX:XX:XX.X/sriov_numvf
* /sys/bus/pci/devices/XXXX:XX:XX.X/
- function_id
A zPCI function identifier that uniquely identifies the function in the Z server.
- function_handle
Low-level identifier used for a configured PCI function.
It might be useful for debuging.
- pchid
Model-dependent location of the I/O adapter.
- pfgid
PCI function group ID, functions that share identical functionality
use a common identifier.
A PCI group defines interrupts, IOMMU, IOTLB, and DMA specifics.
- vfn
The virtual function number, from 1 to N for virtual functions,
0 for physical functions.
- pft
The PCI function type
- port
The port corresponds to the physical port the function is attached to.
It also gives an indication of the physical function a virtual function
is attached to.
- uid
The user identifier (UID) may be defined as part of the machine
configuration or the z/VM or KVM guest configuration. If the accompanying
uid_is_unique attribute is 1 the platform guarantees that the UID is unique
within that instance and no devices with the same UID can be attached
during the lifetime of the system.
- uid_is_unique
Indicates whether the user identifier (UID) is guaranteed to be and remain
unique within this Linux instance.
- pfip/segmentX
The segments determine the isolation of a function.
They correspond to the physical path to the function.
The more the segments are different, the more the functions are isolated.
Enumeration and hotplug
The PCI address consists of four parts: domain, bus, device and function,
and is of this form: DDDD:BB:dd.f
* When not using multi-functions (norid is set, or the firmware does not
support multi-functions):
- There is only one function per domain.
- The domain is set from the zPCI function's UID as defined during the
LPAR creation.
* When using multi-functions (norid parameter is not set),
zPCI functions are addressed differently:
- There is still only one bus per domain.
- There can be up to 256 functions per bus.
- The domain part of the address of all functions for
a multi-Function device is set from the zPCI function's UID as defined
in the LPAR creation for the function zero.
- New functions will only be ready for use after the function zero
(the function with devfn 0) has been enumerated.