blob: 21381de906f6073e32a9f360e456da900dbe4d47 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Oracle. All rights reserved.
*/
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/btrfs.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/iversion.h>
#include <linux/fsverity.h>
#include "ctree.h"
#include "direct-io.h"
#include "disk-io.h"
#include "transaction.h"
#include "btrfs_inode.h"
#include "tree-log.h"
#include "locking.h"
#include "qgroup.h"
#include "compression.h"
#include "delalloc-space.h"
#include "reflink.h"
#include "subpage.h"
#include "fs.h"
#include "accessors.h"
#include "extent-tree.h"
#include "file-item.h"
#include "ioctl.h"
#include "file.h"
#include "super.h"
/* simple helper to fault in pages and copy. This should go away
* and be replaced with calls into generic code.
*/
static noinline int btrfs_copy_from_user(loff_t pos, size_t write_bytes,
struct page **prepared_pages,
struct iov_iter *i)
{
size_t copied = 0;
size_t total_copied = 0;
int pg = 0;
int offset = offset_in_page(pos);
while (write_bytes > 0) {
size_t count = min_t(size_t,
PAGE_SIZE - offset, write_bytes);
struct page *page = prepared_pages[pg];
/*
* Copy data from userspace to the current page
*/
copied = copy_page_from_iter_atomic(page, offset, count, i);
/* Flush processor's dcache for this page */
flush_dcache_page(page);
/*
* if we get a partial write, we can end up with
* partially up to date pages. These add
* a lot of complexity, so make sure they don't
* happen by forcing this copy to be retried.
*
* The rest of the btrfs_file_write code will fall
* back to page at a time copies after we return 0.
*/
if (unlikely(copied < count)) {
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
iov_iter_revert(i, copied);
copied = 0;
}
if (!copied)
break;
}
write_bytes -= copied;
total_copied += copied;
offset += copied;
if (offset == PAGE_SIZE) {
pg++;
offset = 0;
}
}
return total_copied;
}
/*
* unlocks pages after btrfs_file_write is done with them
*/
static void btrfs_drop_pages(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
struct page **pages, size_t num_pages,
u64 pos, u64 copied)
{
size_t i;
u64 block_start = round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize);
u64 block_len = round_up(pos + copied, fs_info->sectorsize) - block_start;
ASSERT(block_len <= U32_MAX);
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
/* page checked is some magic around finding pages that
* have been modified without going through btrfs_set_page_dirty
* clear it here. There should be no need to mark the pages
* accessed as prepare_pages should have marked them accessed
* in prepare_pages via find_or_create_page()
*/
btrfs_folio_clamp_clear_checked(fs_info, page_folio(pages[i]),
block_start, block_len);
unlock_page(pages[i]);
put_page(pages[i]);
}
}
/*
* After btrfs_copy_from_user(), update the following things for delalloc:
* - Mark newly dirtied pages as DELALLOC in the io tree.
* Used to advise which range is to be written back.
* - Mark modified pages as Uptodate/Dirty and not needing COW fixup
* - Update inode size for past EOF write
*/
int btrfs_dirty_pages(struct btrfs_inode *inode, struct page **pages,
size_t num_pages, loff_t pos, size_t write_bytes,
struct extent_state **cached, bool noreserve)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
int ret = 0;
int i;
u64 num_bytes;
u64 start_pos;
u64 end_of_last_block;
u64 end_pos = pos + write_bytes;
loff_t isize = i_size_read(&inode->vfs_inode);
unsigned int extra_bits = 0;
if (write_bytes == 0)
return 0;
if (noreserve)
extra_bits |= EXTENT_NORESERVE;
start_pos = round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize);
num_bytes = round_up(write_bytes + pos - start_pos,
fs_info->sectorsize);
ASSERT(num_bytes <= U32_MAX);
end_of_last_block = start_pos + num_bytes - 1;
/*
* The pages may have already been dirty, clear out old accounting so
* we can set things up properly
*/
clear_extent_bit(&inode->io_tree, start_pos, end_of_last_block,
EXTENT_DELALLOC | EXTENT_DO_ACCOUNTING | EXTENT_DEFRAG,
cached);
ret = btrfs_set_extent_delalloc(inode, start_pos, end_of_last_block,
extra_bits, cached);
if (ret)
return ret;
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
struct page *p = pages[i];
btrfs_folio_clamp_set_uptodate(fs_info, page_folio(p),
start_pos, num_bytes);
btrfs_folio_clamp_clear_checked(fs_info, page_folio(p),
start_pos, num_bytes);
btrfs_folio_clamp_set_dirty(fs_info, page_folio(p),
start_pos, num_bytes);
}
/*
* we've only changed i_size in ram, and we haven't updated
* the disk i_size. There is no need to log the inode
* at this time.
*/
if (end_pos > isize)
i_size_write(&inode->vfs_inode, end_pos);
return 0;
}
/*
* this is very complex, but the basic idea is to drop all extents
* in the range start - end. hint_block is filled in with a block number
* that would be a good hint to the block allocator for this file.
*
* If an extent intersects the range but is not entirely inside the range
* it is either truncated or split. Anything entirely inside the range
* is deleted from the tree.
*
* Note: the VFS' inode number of bytes is not updated, it's up to the caller
* to deal with that. We set the field 'bytes_found' of the arguments structure
* with the number of allocated bytes found in the target range, so that the
* caller can update the inode's number of bytes in an atomic way when
* replacing extents in a range to avoid races with stat(2).
*/
int btrfs_drop_extents(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root, struct btrfs_inode *inode,
struct btrfs_drop_extents_args *args)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
struct extent_buffer *leaf;
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
struct btrfs_key key;
struct btrfs_key new_key;
u64 ino = btrfs_ino(inode);
u64 search_start = args->start;
u64 disk_bytenr = 0;
u64 num_bytes = 0;
u64 extent_offset = 0;
u64 extent_end = 0;
u64 last_end = args->start;
int del_nr = 0;
int del_slot = 0;
int extent_type;
int recow;
int ret;
int modify_tree = -1;
int update_refs;
int found = 0;
struct btrfs_path *path = args->path;
args->bytes_found = 0;
args->extent_inserted = false;
/* Must always have a path if ->replace_extent is true */
ASSERT(!(args->replace_extent && !args->path));
if (!path) {
path = btrfs_alloc_path();
if (!path) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
}
if (args->drop_cache)
btrfs_drop_extent_map_range(inode, args->start, args->end - 1, false);
if (args->start >= inode->disk_i_size && !args->replace_extent)
modify_tree = 0;
update_refs = (btrfs_root_id(root) != BTRFS_TREE_LOG_OBJECTID);
while (1) {
recow = 0;
ret = btrfs_lookup_file_extent(trans, root, path, ino,
search_start, modify_tree);
if (ret < 0)
break;
if (ret > 0 && path->slots[0] > 0 && search_start == args->start) {
leaf = path->nodes[0];
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0] - 1);
if (key.objectid == ino &&
key.type == BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
path->slots[0]--;
}
ret = 0;
next_slot:
leaf = path->nodes[0];
if (path->slots[0] >= btrfs_header_nritems(leaf)) {
BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
ret = btrfs_next_leaf(root, path);
if (ret < 0)
break;
if (ret > 0) {
ret = 0;
break;
}
leaf = path->nodes[0];
recow = 1;
}
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0]);
if (key.objectid > ino)
break;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(key.objectid < ino) ||
key.type < BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY) {
ASSERT(del_nr == 0);
path->slots[0]++;
goto next_slot;
}
if (key.type > BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY || key.offset >= args->end)
break;
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
extent_type = btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi);
if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC) {
disk_bytenr = btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi);
num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_disk_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
extent_offset = btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi);
extent_end = key.offset +
btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
} else if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
extent_end = key.offset +
btrfs_file_extent_ram_bytes(leaf, fi);
} else {
/* can't happen */
BUG();
}
/*
* Don't skip extent items representing 0 byte lengths. They
* used to be created (bug) if while punching holes we hit
* -ENOSPC condition. So if we find one here, just ensure we
* delete it, otherwise we would insert a new file extent item
* with the same key (offset) as that 0 bytes length file
* extent item in the call to setup_items_for_insert() later
* in this function.
*/
if (extent_end == key.offset && extent_end >= search_start) {
last_end = extent_end;
goto delete_extent_item;
}
if (extent_end <= search_start) {
path->slots[0]++;
goto next_slot;
}
found = 1;
search_start = max(key.offset, args->start);
if (recow || !modify_tree) {
modify_tree = -1;
btrfs_release_path(path);
continue;
}
/*
* | - range to drop - |
* | -------- extent -------- |
*/
if (args->start > key.offset && args->end < extent_end) {
BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
break;
}
memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));
new_key.offset = args->start;
ret = btrfs_duplicate_item(trans, root, path,
&new_key);
if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
btrfs_release_path(path);
continue;
}
if (ret < 0)
break;
leaf = path->nodes[0];
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
args->start - key.offset);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
extent_offset += args->start - key.offset;
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, extent_offset);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
extent_end - args->start);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
if (update_refs && disk_bytenr > 0) {
struct btrfs_ref ref = {
.action = BTRFS_ADD_DELAYED_REF,
.bytenr = disk_bytenr,
.num_bytes = num_bytes,
.parent = 0,
.owning_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
.ref_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
};
btrfs_init_data_ref(&ref, new_key.objectid,
args->start - extent_offset,
0, false);
ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, &ref);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
}
key.offset = args->start;
}
/*
* From here on out we will have actually dropped something, so
* last_end can be updated.
*/
last_end = extent_end;
/*
* | ---- range to drop ----- |
* | -------- extent -------- |
*/
if (args->start <= key.offset && args->end < extent_end) {
if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
break;
}
memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));
new_key.offset = args->end;
btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, path, &new_key);
extent_offset += args->end - key.offset;
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, extent_offset);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
extent_end - args->end);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
if (update_refs && disk_bytenr > 0)
args->bytes_found += args->end - key.offset;
break;
}
search_start = extent_end;
/*
* | ---- range to drop ----- |
* | -------- extent -------- |
*/
if (args->start > key.offset && args->end >= extent_end) {
BUG_ON(del_nr > 0);
if (extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
break;
}
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
args->start - key.offset);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
if (update_refs && disk_bytenr > 0)
args->bytes_found += extent_end - args->start;
if (args->end == extent_end)
break;
path->slots[0]++;
goto next_slot;
}
/*
* | ---- range to drop ----- |
* | ------ extent ------ |
*/
if (args->start <= key.offset && args->end >= extent_end) {
delete_extent_item:
if (del_nr == 0) {
del_slot = path->slots[0];
del_nr = 1;
} else {
BUG_ON(del_slot + del_nr != path->slots[0]);
del_nr++;
}
if (update_refs &&
extent_type == BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE) {
args->bytes_found += extent_end - key.offset;
extent_end = ALIGN(extent_end,
fs_info->sectorsize);
} else if (update_refs && disk_bytenr > 0) {
struct btrfs_ref ref = {
.action = BTRFS_DROP_DELAYED_REF,
.bytenr = disk_bytenr,
.num_bytes = num_bytes,
.parent = 0,
.owning_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
.ref_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
};
btrfs_init_data_ref(&ref, key.objectid,
key.offset - extent_offset,
0, false);
ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, &ref);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
args->bytes_found += extent_end - key.offset;
}
if (args->end == extent_end)
break;
if (path->slots[0] + 1 < btrfs_header_nritems(leaf)) {
path->slots[0]++;
goto next_slot;
}
ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot,
del_nr);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
del_nr = 0;
del_slot = 0;
btrfs_release_path(path);
continue;
}
BUG();
}
if (!ret && del_nr > 0) {
/*
* Set path->slots[0] to first slot, so that after the delete
* if items are move off from our leaf to its immediate left or
* right neighbor leafs, we end up with a correct and adjusted
* path->slots[0] for our insertion (if args->replace_extent).
*/
path->slots[0] = del_slot;
ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot, del_nr);
if (ret)
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
}
leaf = path->nodes[0];
/*
* If btrfs_del_items() was called, it might have deleted a leaf, in
* which case it unlocked our path, so check path->locks[0] matches a
* write lock.
*/
if (!ret && args->replace_extent &&
path->locks[0] == BTRFS_WRITE_LOCK &&
btrfs_leaf_free_space(leaf) >=
sizeof(struct btrfs_item) + args->extent_item_size) {
key.objectid = ino;
key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY;
key.offset = args->start;
if (!del_nr && path->slots[0] < btrfs_header_nritems(leaf)) {
struct btrfs_key slot_key;
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &slot_key, path->slots[0]);
if (btrfs_comp_cpu_keys(&key, &slot_key) > 0)
path->slots[0]++;
}
btrfs_setup_item_for_insert(trans, root, path, &key,
args->extent_item_size);
args->extent_inserted = true;
}
if (!args->path)
btrfs_free_path(path);
else if (!args->extent_inserted)
btrfs_release_path(path);
out:
args->drop_end = found ? min(args->end, last_end) : args->end;
return ret;
}
static int extent_mergeable(struct extent_buffer *leaf, int slot,
u64 objectid, u64 bytenr, u64 orig_offset,
u64 *start, u64 *end)
{
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
struct btrfs_key key;
u64 extent_end;
if (slot < 0 || slot >= btrfs_header_nritems(leaf))
return 0;
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, slot);
if (key.objectid != objectid || key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
return 0;
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, slot, struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
if (btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi) != BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG ||
btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi) != bytenr ||
btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi) != key.offset - orig_offset ||
btrfs_file_extent_compression(leaf, fi) ||
btrfs_file_extent_encryption(leaf, fi) ||
btrfs_file_extent_other_encoding(leaf, fi))
return 0;
extent_end = key.offset + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
if ((*start && *start != key.offset) || (*end && *end != extent_end))
return 0;
*start = key.offset;
*end = extent_end;
return 1;
}
/*
* Mark extent in the range start - end as written.
*
* This changes extent type from 'pre-allocated' to 'regular'. If only
* part of extent is marked as written, the extent will be split into
* two or three.
*/
int btrfs_mark_extent_written(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_inode *inode, u64 start, u64 end)
{
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct extent_buffer *leaf;
struct btrfs_path *path;
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
struct btrfs_ref ref = { 0 };
struct btrfs_key key;
struct btrfs_key new_key;
u64 bytenr;
u64 num_bytes;
u64 extent_end;
u64 orig_offset;
u64 other_start;
u64 other_end;
u64 split;
int del_nr = 0;
int del_slot = 0;
int recow;
int ret = 0;
u64 ino = btrfs_ino(inode);
path = btrfs_alloc_path();
if (!path)
return -ENOMEM;
again:
recow = 0;
split = start;
key.objectid = ino;
key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY;
key.offset = split;
ret = btrfs_search_slot(trans, root, &key, path, -1, 1);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
if (ret > 0 && path->slots[0] > 0)
path->slots[0]--;
leaf = path->nodes[0];
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, path->slots[0]);
if (key.objectid != ino ||
key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY) {
ret = -EINVAL;
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
if (btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi) != BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_PREALLOC) {
ret = -EINVAL;
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
extent_end = key.offset + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
if (key.offset > start || extent_end < end) {
ret = -EINVAL;
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
bytenr = btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi);
num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_disk_num_bytes(leaf, fi);
orig_offset = key.offset - btrfs_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi);
memcpy(&new_key, &key, sizeof(new_key));
if (start == key.offset && end < extent_end) {
other_start = 0;
other_end = start;
if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
&other_start, &other_end)) {
new_key.offset = end;
btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, path, &new_key);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi,
trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
extent_end - end);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi,
end - orig_offset);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi,
trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
end - other_start);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
goto out;
}
}
if (start > key.offset && end == extent_end) {
other_start = end;
other_end = 0;
if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] + 1,
ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
&other_start, &other_end)) {
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
start - key.offset);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi,
trans->transid);
path->slots[0]++;
new_key.offset = start;
btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, path, &new_key);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi,
trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
other_end - start);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi,
start - orig_offset);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
goto out;
}
}
while (start > key.offset || end < extent_end) {
if (key.offset == start)
split = end;
new_key.offset = split;
ret = btrfs_duplicate_item(trans, root, path, &new_key);
if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
btrfs_release_path(path);
goto again;
}
if (ret < 0) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
leaf = path->nodes[0];
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
split - key.offset);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, split - orig_offset);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
extent_end - split);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
ref.action = BTRFS_ADD_DELAYED_REF;
ref.bytenr = bytenr;
ref.num_bytes = num_bytes;
ref.parent = 0;
ref.owning_root = btrfs_root_id(root);
ref.ref_root = btrfs_root_id(root);
btrfs_init_data_ref(&ref, ino, orig_offset, 0, false);
ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, &ref);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
if (split == start) {
key.offset = start;
} else {
if (start != key.offset) {
ret = -EINVAL;
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
path->slots[0]--;
extent_end = end;
}
recow = 1;
}
other_start = end;
other_end = 0;
ref.action = BTRFS_DROP_DELAYED_REF;
ref.bytenr = bytenr;
ref.num_bytes = num_bytes;
ref.parent = 0;
ref.owning_root = btrfs_root_id(root);
ref.ref_root = btrfs_root_id(root);
btrfs_init_data_ref(&ref, ino, orig_offset, 0, false);
if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] + 1,
ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
&other_start, &other_end)) {
if (recow) {
btrfs_release_path(path);
goto again;
}
extent_end = other_end;
del_slot = path->slots[0] + 1;
del_nr++;
ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, &ref);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
}
other_start = 0;
other_end = start;
if (extent_mergeable(leaf, path->slots[0] - 1,
ino, bytenr, orig_offset,
&other_start, &other_end)) {
if (recow) {
btrfs_release_path(path);
goto again;
}
key.offset = other_start;
del_slot = path->slots[0];
del_nr++;
ret = btrfs_free_extent(trans, &ref);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
}
if (del_nr == 0) {
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_type(leaf, fi,
BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
} else {
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, del_slot - 1,
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
btrfs_set_file_extent_type(leaf, fi,
BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi,
extent_end - key.offset);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
ret = btrfs_del_items(trans, root, path, del_slot, del_nr);
if (ret < 0) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out;
}
}
out:
btrfs_free_path(path);
return ret;
}
/*
* on error we return an unlocked page and the error value
* on success we return a locked page and 0
*/
static int prepare_uptodate_page(struct inode *inode,
struct page *page, u64 pos,
bool force_uptodate)
{
struct folio *folio = page_folio(page);
int ret = 0;
if (((pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) || force_uptodate) &&
!PageUptodate(page)) {
ret = btrfs_read_folio(NULL, folio);
if (ret)
return ret;
lock_page(page);
if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
unlock_page(page);
return -EIO;
}
/*
* Since btrfs_read_folio() will unlock the folio before it
* returns, there is a window where btrfs_release_folio() can be
* called to release the page. Here we check both inode
* mapping and PagePrivate() to make sure the page was not
* released.
*
* The private flag check is essential for subpage as we need
* to store extra bitmap using folio private.
*/
if (page->mapping != inode->i_mapping || !folio_test_private(folio)) {
unlock_page(page);
return -EAGAIN;
}
}
return 0;
}
static fgf_t get_prepare_fgp_flags(bool nowait)
{
fgf_t fgp_flags = FGP_LOCK | FGP_ACCESSED | FGP_CREAT;
if (nowait)
fgp_flags |= FGP_NOWAIT;
return fgp_flags;
}
static gfp_t get_prepare_gfp_flags(struct inode *inode, bool nowait)
{
gfp_t gfp;
gfp = btrfs_alloc_write_mask(inode->i_mapping);
if (nowait) {
gfp &= ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM;
gfp |= GFP_NOWAIT;
}
return gfp;
}
/*
* this just gets pages into the page cache and locks them down.
*/
static noinline int prepare_pages(struct inode *inode, struct page **pages,
size_t num_pages, loff_t pos,
size_t write_bytes, bool force_uptodate,
bool nowait)
{
int i;
unsigned long index = pos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
gfp_t mask = get_prepare_gfp_flags(inode, nowait);
fgf_t fgp_flags = get_prepare_fgp_flags(nowait);
int ret = 0;
int faili;
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
again:
pages[i] = pagecache_get_page(inode->i_mapping, index + i,
fgp_flags, mask | __GFP_WRITE);
if (!pages[i]) {
faili = i - 1;
if (nowait)
ret = -EAGAIN;
else
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto fail;
}
ret = set_page_extent_mapped(pages[i]);
if (ret < 0) {
faili = i;
goto fail;
}
if (i == 0)
ret = prepare_uptodate_page(inode, pages[i], pos,
force_uptodate);
if (!ret && i == num_pages - 1)
ret = prepare_uptodate_page(inode, pages[i],
pos + write_bytes, false);
if (ret) {
put_page(pages[i]);
if (!nowait && ret == -EAGAIN) {
ret = 0;
goto again;
}
faili = i - 1;
goto fail;
}
wait_on_page_writeback(pages[i]);
}
return 0;
fail:
while (faili >= 0) {
unlock_page(pages[faili]);
put_page(pages[faili]);
faili--;
}
return ret;
}
/*
* This function locks the extent and properly waits for data=ordered extents
* to finish before allowing the pages to be modified if need.
*
* The return value:
* 1 - the extent is locked
* 0 - the extent is not locked, and everything is OK
* -EAGAIN - need re-prepare the pages
* the other < 0 number - Something wrong happens
*/
static noinline int
lock_and_cleanup_extent_if_need(struct btrfs_inode *inode, struct page **pages,
size_t num_pages, loff_t pos,
size_t write_bytes,
u64 *lockstart, u64 *lockend, bool nowait,
struct extent_state **cached_state)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
u64 start_pos;
u64 last_pos;
int i;
int ret = 0;
start_pos = round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize);
last_pos = round_up(pos + write_bytes, fs_info->sectorsize) - 1;
if (start_pos < inode->vfs_inode.i_size) {
struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered;
if (nowait) {
if (!try_lock_extent(&inode->io_tree, start_pos, last_pos,
cached_state)) {
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
unlock_page(pages[i]);
put_page(pages[i]);
pages[i] = NULL;
}
return -EAGAIN;
}
} else {
lock_extent(&inode->io_tree, start_pos, last_pos, cached_state);
}
ordered = btrfs_lookup_ordered_range(inode, start_pos,
last_pos - start_pos + 1);
if (ordered &&
ordered->file_offset + ordered->num_bytes > start_pos &&
ordered->file_offset <= last_pos) {
unlock_extent(&inode->io_tree, start_pos, last_pos,
cached_state);
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++) {
unlock_page(pages[i]);
put_page(pages[i]);
}
btrfs_start_ordered_extent(ordered);
btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);
return -EAGAIN;
}
if (ordered)
btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);
*lockstart = start_pos;
*lockend = last_pos;
ret = 1;
}
/*
* We should be called after prepare_pages() which should have locked
* all pages in the range.
*/
for (i = 0; i < num_pages; i++)
WARN_ON(!PageLocked(pages[i]));
return ret;
}
/*
* Check if we can do nocow write into the range [@pos, @pos + @write_bytes)
*
* @pos: File offset.
* @write_bytes: The length to write, will be updated to the nocow writeable
* range.
*
* This function will flush ordered extents in the range to ensure proper
* nocow checks.
*
* Return:
* > 0 If we can nocow, and updates @write_bytes.
* 0 If we can't do a nocow write.
* -EAGAIN If we can't do a nocow write because snapshoting of the inode's
* root is in progress.
* < 0 If an error happened.
*
* NOTE: Callers need to call btrfs_check_nocow_unlock() if we return > 0.
*/
int btrfs_check_nocow_lock(struct btrfs_inode *inode, loff_t pos,
size_t *write_bytes, bool nowait)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
u64 lockstart, lockend;
u64 num_bytes;
int ret;
if (!(inode->flags & (BTRFS_INODE_NODATACOW | BTRFS_INODE_PREALLOC)))
return 0;
if (!btrfs_drew_try_write_lock(&root->snapshot_lock))
return -EAGAIN;
lockstart = round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize);
lockend = round_up(pos + *write_bytes,
fs_info->sectorsize) - 1;
num_bytes = lockend - lockstart + 1;
if (nowait) {
if (!btrfs_try_lock_ordered_range(inode, lockstart, lockend,
&cached_state)) {
btrfs_drew_write_unlock(&root->snapshot_lock);
return -EAGAIN;
}
} else {
btrfs_lock_and_flush_ordered_range(inode, lockstart, lockend,
&cached_state);
}
ret = can_nocow_extent(&inode->vfs_inode, lockstart, &num_bytes,
NULL, nowait, false);
if (ret <= 0)
btrfs_drew_write_unlock(&root->snapshot_lock);
else
*write_bytes = min_t(size_t, *write_bytes ,
num_bytes - pos + lockstart);
unlock_extent(&inode->io_tree, lockstart, lockend, &cached_state);
return ret;
}
void btrfs_check_nocow_unlock(struct btrfs_inode *inode)
{
btrfs_drew_write_unlock(&inode->root->snapshot_lock);
}
static void update_time_for_write(struct inode *inode)
{
struct timespec64 now, ts;
if (IS_NOCMTIME(inode))
return;
now = current_time(inode);
ts = inode_get_mtime(inode);
if (!timespec64_equal(&ts, &now))
inode_set_mtime_to_ts(inode, now);
ts = inode_get_ctime(inode);
if (!timespec64_equal(&ts, &now))
inode_set_ctime_to_ts(inode, now);
if (IS_I_VERSION(inode))
inode_inc_iversion(inode);
}
int btrfs_write_check(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from, size_t count)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode_to_fs_info(inode);
loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos;
int ret;
loff_t oldsize;
loff_t start_pos;
/*
* Quickly bail out on NOWAIT writes if we don't have the nodatacow or
* prealloc flags, as without those flags we always have to COW. We will
* later check if we can really COW into the target range (using
* can_nocow_extent() at btrfs_get_blocks_direct_write()).
*/
if ((iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) &&
!(BTRFS_I(inode)->flags & (BTRFS_INODE_NODATACOW | BTRFS_INODE_PREALLOC)))
return -EAGAIN;
ret = file_remove_privs(file);
if (ret)
return ret;
/*
* We reserve space for updating the inode when we reserve space for the
* extent we are going to write, so we will enospc out there. We don't
* need to start yet another transaction to update the inode as we will
* update the inode when we finish writing whatever data we write.
*/
update_time_for_write(inode);
start_pos = round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize);
oldsize = i_size_read(inode);
if (start_pos > oldsize) {
/* Expand hole size to cover write data, preventing empty gap */
loff_t end_pos = round_up(pos + count, fs_info->sectorsize);
ret = btrfs_cont_expand(BTRFS_I(inode), oldsize, end_pos);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
ssize_t btrfs_buffered_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *i)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
loff_t pos;
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode_to_fs_info(inode);
struct page **pages = NULL;
struct extent_changeset *data_reserved = NULL;
u64 release_bytes = 0;
u64 lockstart;
u64 lockend;
size_t num_written = 0;
int nrptrs;
ssize_t ret;
bool only_release_metadata = false;
bool force_page_uptodate = false;
loff_t old_isize = i_size_read(inode);
unsigned int ilock_flags = 0;
const bool nowait = (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT);
unsigned int bdp_flags = (nowait ? BDP_ASYNC : 0);
if (nowait)
ilock_flags |= BTRFS_ILOCK_TRY;
ret = btrfs_inode_lock(BTRFS_I(inode), ilock_flags);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, i);
if (ret <= 0)
goto out;
ret = btrfs_write_check(iocb, i, ret);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
pos = iocb->ki_pos;
nrptrs = min(DIV_ROUND_UP(iov_iter_count(i), PAGE_SIZE),
PAGE_SIZE / (sizeof(struct page *)));
nrptrs = min(nrptrs, current->nr_dirtied_pause - current->nr_dirtied);
nrptrs = max(nrptrs, 8);
pages = kmalloc_array(nrptrs, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pages) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
while (iov_iter_count(i) > 0) {
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
size_t offset = offset_in_page(pos);
size_t sector_offset;
size_t write_bytes = min(iov_iter_count(i),
nrptrs * (size_t)PAGE_SIZE -
offset);
size_t num_pages;
size_t reserve_bytes;
size_t dirty_pages;
size_t copied;
size_t dirty_sectors;
size_t num_sectors;
int extents_locked;
/*
* Fault pages before locking them in prepare_pages
* to avoid recursive lock
*/
if (unlikely(fault_in_iov_iter_readable(i, write_bytes))) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
only_release_metadata = false;
sector_offset = pos & (fs_info->sectorsize - 1);
extent_changeset_release(data_reserved);
ret = btrfs_check_data_free_space(BTRFS_I(inode),
&data_reserved, pos,
write_bytes, nowait);
if (ret < 0) {
int can_nocow;
if (nowait && (ret == -ENOSPC || ret == -EAGAIN)) {
ret = -EAGAIN;
break;
}
/*
* If we don't have to COW at the offset, reserve
* metadata only. write_bytes may get smaller than
* requested here.
*/
can_nocow = btrfs_check_nocow_lock(BTRFS_I(inode), pos,
&write_bytes, nowait);
if (can_nocow < 0)
ret = can_nocow;
if (can_nocow > 0)
ret = 0;
if (ret)
break;
only_release_metadata = true;
}
num_pages = DIV_ROUND_UP(write_bytes + offset, PAGE_SIZE);
WARN_ON(num_pages > nrptrs);
reserve_bytes = round_up(write_bytes + sector_offset,
fs_info->sectorsize);
WARN_ON(reserve_bytes == 0);
ret = btrfs_delalloc_reserve_metadata(BTRFS_I(inode),
reserve_bytes,
reserve_bytes, nowait);
if (ret) {
if (!only_release_metadata)
btrfs_free_reserved_data_space(BTRFS_I(inode),
data_reserved, pos,
write_bytes);
else
btrfs_check_nocow_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode));
if (nowait && ret == -ENOSPC)
ret = -EAGAIN;
break;
}
release_bytes = reserve_bytes;
again:
ret = balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited_flags(inode->i_mapping, bdp_flags);
if (ret) {
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), reserve_bytes);
break;
}
/*
* This is going to setup the pages array with the number of
* pages we want, so we don't really need to worry about the
* contents of pages from loop to loop
*/
ret = prepare_pages(inode, pages, num_pages,
pos, write_bytes, force_page_uptodate, false);
if (ret) {
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode),
reserve_bytes);
break;
}
extents_locked = lock_and_cleanup_extent_if_need(
BTRFS_I(inode), pages,
num_pages, pos, write_bytes, &lockstart,
&lockend, nowait, &cached_state);
if (extents_locked < 0) {
if (!nowait && extents_locked == -EAGAIN)
goto again;
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode),
reserve_bytes);
ret = extents_locked;
break;
}
copied = btrfs_copy_from_user(pos, write_bytes, pages, i);
num_sectors = BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, reserve_bytes);
dirty_sectors = round_up(copied + sector_offset,
fs_info->sectorsize);
dirty_sectors = BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, dirty_sectors);
/*
* if we have trouble faulting in the pages, fall
* back to one page at a time
*/
if (copied < write_bytes)
nrptrs = 1;
if (copied == 0) {
force_page_uptodate = true;
dirty_sectors = 0;
dirty_pages = 0;
} else {
force_page_uptodate = false;
dirty_pages = DIV_ROUND_UP(copied + offset,
PAGE_SIZE);
}
if (num_sectors > dirty_sectors) {
/* release everything except the sectors we dirtied */
release_bytes -= dirty_sectors << fs_info->sectorsize_bits;
if (only_release_metadata) {
btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata(BTRFS_I(inode),
release_bytes, true);
} else {
u64 __pos;
__pos = round_down(pos,
fs_info->sectorsize) +
(dirty_pages << PAGE_SHIFT);
btrfs_delalloc_release_space(BTRFS_I(inode),
data_reserved, __pos,
release_bytes, true);
}
}
release_bytes = round_up(copied + sector_offset,
fs_info->sectorsize);
ret = btrfs_dirty_pages(BTRFS_I(inode), pages,
dirty_pages, pos, copied,
&cached_state, only_release_metadata);
/*
* If we have not locked the extent range, because the range's
* start offset is >= i_size, we might still have a non-NULL
* cached extent state, acquired while marking the extent range
* as delalloc through btrfs_dirty_pages(). Therefore free any
* possible cached extent state to avoid a memory leak.
*/
if (extents_locked)
unlock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart,
lockend, &cached_state);
else
free_extent_state(cached_state);
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), reserve_bytes);
if (ret) {
btrfs_drop_pages(fs_info, pages, num_pages, pos, copied);
break;
}
release_bytes = 0;
if (only_release_metadata)
btrfs_check_nocow_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode));
btrfs_drop_pages(fs_info, pages, num_pages, pos, copied);
cond_resched();
pos += copied;
num_written += copied;
}
kfree(pages);
if (release_bytes) {
if (only_release_metadata) {
btrfs_check_nocow_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode));
btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata(BTRFS_I(inode),
release_bytes, true);
} else {
btrfs_delalloc_release_space(BTRFS_I(inode),
data_reserved,
round_down(pos, fs_info->sectorsize),
release_bytes, true);
}
}
extent_changeset_free(data_reserved);
if (num_written > 0) {
pagecache_isize_extended(inode, old_isize, iocb->ki_pos);
iocb->ki_pos += num_written;
}
out:
btrfs_inode_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode), ilock_flags);
return num_written ? num_written : ret;
}
static ssize_t btrfs_encoded_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
const struct btrfs_ioctl_encoded_io_args *encoded)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
loff_t count;
ssize_t ret;
btrfs_inode_lock(BTRFS_I(inode), 0);
count = encoded->len;
ret = generic_write_checks_count(iocb, &count);
if (ret == 0 && count != encoded->len) {
/*
* The write got truncated by generic_write_checks_count(). We
* can't do a partial encoded write.
*/
ret = -EFBIG;
}
if (ret || encoded->len == 0)
goto out;
ret = btrfs_write_check(iocb, from, encoded->len);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
ret = btrfs_do_encoded_write(iocb, from, encoded);
out:
btrfs_inode_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode), 0);
return ret;
}
ssize_t btrfs_do_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
const struct btrfs_ioctl_encoded_io_args *encoded)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct btrfs_inode *inode = BTRFS_I(file_inode(file));
ssize_t num_written, num_sync;
/*
* If the fs flips readonly due to some impossible error, although we
* have opened a file as writable, we have to stop this write operation
* to ensure consistency.
*/
if (BTRFS_FS_ERROR(inode->root->fs_info))
return -EROFS;
if (encoded && (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (encoded) {
num_written = btrfs_encoded_write(iocb, from, encoded);
num_sync = encoded->len;
} else if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
num_written = btrfs_direct_write(iocb, from);
num_sync = num_written;
} else {
num_written = btrfs_buffered_write(iocb, from);
num_sync = num_written;
}
btrfs_set_inode_last_sub_trans(inode);
if (num_sync > 0) {
num_sync = generic_write_sync(iocb, num_sync);
if (num_sync < 0)
num_written = num_sync;
}
return num_written;
}
static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
{
return btrfs_do_write_iter(iocb, from, NULL);
}
int btrfs_release_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
struct btrfs_file_private *private = filp->private_data;
if (private) {
kfree(private->filldir_buf);
free_extent_state(private->llseek_cached_state);
kfree(private);
filp->private_data = NULL;
}
/*
* Set by setattr when we are about to truncate a file from a non-zero
* size to a zero size. This tries to flush down new bytes that may
* have been written if the application were using truncate to replace
* a file in place.
*/
if (test_and_clear_bit(BTRFS_INODE_FLUSH_ON_CLOSE,
&BTRFS_I(inode)->runtime_flags))
filemap_flush(inode->i_mapping);
return 0;
}
static int start_ordered_ops(struct btrfs_inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
{
int ret;
struct blk_plug plug;
/*
* This is only called in fsync, which would do synchronous writes, so
* a plug can merge adjacent IOs as much as possible. Esp. in case of
* multiple disks using raid profile, a large IO can be split to
* several segments of stripe length (currently 64K).
*/
blk_start_plug(&plug);
ret = btrfs_fdatawrite_range(inode, start, end);
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
return ret;
}
static inline bool skip_inode_logging(const struct btrfs_log_ctx *ctx)
{
struct btrfs_inode *inode = ctx->inode;
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
if (btrfs_inode_in_log(inode, btrfs_get_fs_generation(fs_info)) &&
list_empty(&ctx->ordered_extents))
return true;
/*
* If we are doing a fast fsync we can not bail out if the inode's
* last_trans is <= then the last committed transaction, because we only
* update the last_trans of the inode during ordered extent completion,
* and for a fast fsync we don't wait for that, we only wait for the
* writeback to complete.
*/
if (inode->last_trans <= btrfs_get_last_trans_committed(fs_info) &&
(test_bit(BTRFS_INODE_NEEDS_FULL_SYNC, &inode->runtime_flags) ||
list_empty(&ctx->ordered_extents)))
return true;
return false;
}
/*
* fsync call for both files and directories. This logs the inode into
* the tree log instead of forcing full commits whenever possible.
*
* It needs to call filemap_fdatawait so that all ordered extent updates are
* in the metadata btree are up to date for copying to the log.
*
* It drops the inode mutex before doing the tree log commit. This is an
* important optimization for directories because holding the mutex prevents
* new operations on the dir while we write to disk.
*/
int btrfs_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
{
struct dentry *dentry = file_dentry(file);
struct btrfs_inode *inode = BTRFS_I(d_inode(dentry));
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans;
struct btrfs_log_ctx ctx;
int ret = 0, err;
u64 len;
bool full_sync;
trace_btrfs_sync_file(file, datasync);
btrfs_init_log_ctx(&ctx, inode);
/*
* Always set the range to a full range, otherwise we can get into
* several problems, from missing file extent items to represent holes
* when not using the NO_HOLES feature, to log tree corruption due to
* races between hole detection during logging and completion of ordered
* extents outside the range, to missing checksums due to ordered extents
* for which we flushed only a subset of their pages.
*/
start = 0;
end = LLONG_MAX;
len = (u64)LLONG_MAX + 1;
/*
* We write the dirty pages in the range and wait until they complete
* out of the ->i_mutex. If so, we can flush the dirty pages by
* multi-task, and make the performance up. See
* btrfs_wait_ordered_range for an explanation of the ASYNC check.
*/
ret = start_ordered_ops(inode, start, end);
if (ret)
goto out;
btrfs_inode_lock(inode, BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
atomic_inc(&root->log_batch);
/*
* Before we acquired the inode's lock and the mmap lock, someone may
* have dirtied more pages in the target range. We need to make sure
* that writeback for any such pages does not start while we are logging
* the inode, because if it does, any of the following might happen when
* we are not doing a full inode sync:
*
* 1) We log an extent after its writeback finishes but before its
* checksums are added to the csum tree, leading to -EIO errors
* when attempting to read the extent after a log replay.
*
* 2) We can end up logging an extent before its writeback finishes.
* Therefore after the log replay we will have a file extent item
* pointing to an unwritten extent (and no data checksums as well).
*
* So trigger writeback for any eventual new dirty pages and then we
* wait for all ordered extents to complete below.
*/
ret = start_ordered_ops(inode, start, end);
if (ret) {
btrfs_inode_unlock(inode, BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
goto out;
}
/*
* Always check for the full sync flag while holding the inode's lock,
* to avoid races with other tasks. The flag must be either set all the
* time during logging or always off all the time while logging.
* We check the flag here after starting delalloc above, because when
* running delalloc the full sync flag may be set if we need to drop
* extra extent map ranges due to temporary memory allocation failures.
*/
full_sync = test_bit(BTRFS_INODE_NEEDS_FULL_SYNC, &inode->runtime_flags);
/*
* We have to do this here to avoid the priority inversion of waiting on
* IO of a lower priority task while holding a transaction open.
*
* For a full fsync we wait for the ordered extents to complete while
* for a fast fsync we wait just for writeback to complete, and then
* attach the ordered extents to the transaction so that a transaction
* commit waits for their completion, to avoid data loss if we fsync,
* the current transaction commits before the ordered extents complete
* and a power failure happens right after that.
*
* For zoned filesystem, if a write IO uses a ZONE_APPEND command, the
* logical address recorded in the ordered extent may change. We need
* to wait for the IO to stabilize the logical address.
*/
if (full_sync || btrfs_is_zoned(fs_info)) {
ret = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start, len);
clear_bit(BTRFS_INODE_COW_WRITE_ERROR, &inode->runtime_flags);
} else {
/*
* Get our ordered extents as soon as possible to avoid doing
* checksum lookups in the csum tree, and use instead the
* checksums attached to the ordered extents.
*/
btrfs_get_ordered_extents_for_logging(inode, &ctx.ordered_extents);
ret = filemap_fdatawait_range(inode->vfs_inode.i_mapping, start, end);
if (ret)
goto out_release_extents;
/*
* Check and clear the BTRFS_INODE_COW_WRITE_ERROR now after
* starting and waiting for writeback, because for buffered IO
* it may have been set during the end IO callback
* (end_bbio_data_write() -> btrfs_finish_ordered_extent()) in
* case an error happened and we need to wait for ordered
* extents to complete so that any extent maps that point to
* unwritten locations are dropped and we don't log them.
*/
if (test_and_clear_bit(BTRFS_INODE_COW_WRITE_ERROR, &inode->runtime_flags))
ret = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start, len);
}
if (ret)
goto out_release_extents;
atomic_inc(&root->log_batch);
if (skip_inode_logging(&ctx)) {
/*
* We've had everything committed since the last time we were
* modified so clear this flag in case it was set for whatever
* reason, it's no longer relevant.
*/
clear_bit(BTRFS_INODE_NEEDS_FULL_SYNC, &inode->runtime_flags);
/*
* An ordered extent might have started before and completed
* already with io errors, in which case the inode was not
* updated and we end up here. So check the inode's mapping
* for any errors that might have happened since we last
* checked called fsync.
*/
ret = filemap_check_wb_err(inode->vfs_inode.i_mapping, file->f_wb_err);
goto out_release_extents;
}
btrfs_init_log_ctx_scratch_eb(&ctx);
/*
* We use start here because we will need to wait on the IO to complete
* in btrfs_sync_log, which could require joining a transaction (for
* example checking cross references in the nocow path). If we use join
* here we could get into a situation where we're waiting on IO to
* happen that is blocked on a transaction trying to commit. With start
* we inc the extwriter counter, so we wait for all extwriters to exit
* before we start blocking joiners. This comment is to keep somebody
* from thinking they are super smart and changing this to
* btrfs_join_transaction *cough*Josef*cough*.
*/
trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, 0);
if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
goto out_release_extents;
}
trans->in_fsync = true;
ret = btrfs_log_dentry_safe(trans, dentry, &ctx);
/*
* Scratch eb no longer needed, release before syncing log or commit
* transaction, to avoid holding unnecessary memory during such long
* operations.
*/
if (ctx.scratch_eb) {
free_extent_buffer(ctx.scratch_eb);
ctx.scratch_eb = NULL;
}
btrfs_release_log_ctx_extents(&ctx);
if (ret < 0) {
/* Fallthrough and commit/free transaction. */
ret = BTRFS_LOG_FORCE_COMMIT;
}
/* we've logged all the items and now have a consistent
* version of the file in the log. It is possible that
* someone will come in and modify the file, but that's
* fine because the log is consistent on disk, and we
* have references to all of the file's extents
*
* It is possible that someone will come in and log the
* file again, but that will end up using the synchronization
* inside btrfs_sync_log to keep things safe.
*/
btrfs_inode_unlock(inode, BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
if (ret == BTRFS_NO_LOG_SYNC) {
ret = btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
goto out;
}
/* We successfully logged the inode, attempt to sync the log. */
if (!ret) {
ret = btrfs_sync_log(trans, root, &ctx);
if (!ret) {
ret = btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
goto out;
}
}
/*
* At this point we need to commit the transaction because we had
* btrfs_need_log_full_commit() or some other error.
*
* If we didn't do a full sync we have to stop the trans handle, wait on
* the ordered extents, start it again and commit the transaction. If
* we attempt to wait on the ordered extents here we could deadlock with
* something like fallocate() that is holding the extent lock trying to
* start a transaction while some other thread is trying to commit the
* transaction while we (fsync) are currently holding the transaction
* open.
*/
if (!full_sync) {
ret = btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
if (ret)
goto out;
ret = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start, len);
if (ret)
goto out;
/*
* This is safe to use here because we're only interested in
* making sure the transaction that had the ordered extents is
* committed. We aren't waiting on anything past this point,
* we're purely getting the transaction and committing it.
*/
trans = btrfs_attach_transaction_barrier(root);
if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
/*
* We committed the transaction and there's no currently
* running transaction, this means everything we care
* about made it to disk and we are done.
*/
if (ret == -ENOENT)
ret = 0;
goto out;
}
}
ret = btrfs_commit_transaction(trans);
out:
free_extent_buffer(ctx.scratch_eb);
ASSERT(list_empty(&ctx.list));
ASSERT(list_empty(&ctx.conflict_inodes));
err = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file);
if (!ret)
ret = err;
return ret > 0 ? -EIO : ret;
out_release_extents:
btrfs_release_log_ctx_extents(&ctx);
btrfs_inode_unlock(inode, BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
goto out;
}
/*
* btrfs_page_mkwrite() is not allowed to change the file size as it gets
* called from a page fault handler when a page is first dirtied. Hence we must
* be careful to check for EOF conditions here. We set the page up correctly
* for a written page which means we get ENOSPC checking when writing into
* holes and correct delalloc and unwritten extent mapping on filesystems that
* support these features.
*
* We are not allowed to take the i_mutex here so we have to play games to
* protect against truncate races as the page could now be beyond EOF. Because
* truncate_setsize() writes the inode size before removing pages, once we have
* the page lock we can determine safely if the page is beyond EOF. If it is not
* beyond EOF, then the page is guaranteed safe against truncation until we
* unlock the page.
*/
static vm_fault_t btrfs_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct page *page = vmf->page;
struct folio *folio = page_folio(page);
struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file);
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode_to_fs_info(inode);
struct extent_io_tree *io_tree = &BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree;
struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered;
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
struct extent_changeset *data_reserved = NULL;
unsigned long zero_start;
loff_t size;
vm_fault_t ret;
int ret2;
int reserved = 0;
u64 reserved_space;
u64 page_start;
u64 page_end;
u64 end;
ASSERT(folio_order(folio) == 0);
reserved_space = PAGE_SIZE;
sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
page_start = page_offset(page);
page_end = page_start + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
end = page_end;
/*
* Reserving delalloc space after obtaining the page lock can lead to
* deadlock. For example, if a dirty page is locked by this function
* and the call to btrfs_delalloc_reserve_space() ends up triggering
* dirty page write out, then the btrfs_writepages() function could
* end up waiting indefinitely to get a lock on the page currently
* being processed by btrfs_page_mkwrite() function.
*/
ret2 = btrfs_delalloc_reserve_space(BTRFS_I(inode), &data_reserved,
page_start, reserved_space);
if (!ret2) {
ret2 = file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file);
reserved = 1;
}
if (ret2) {
ret = vmf_error(ret2);
if (reserved)
goto out;
goto out_noreserve;
}
/* Make the VM retry the fault. */
ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
again:
down_read(&BTRFS_I(inode)->i_mmap_lock);
lock_page(page);
size = i_size_read(inode);
if ((page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) ||
(page_start >= size)) {
/* Page got truncated out from underneath us. */
goto out_unlock;
}
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
lock_extent(io_tree, page_start, page_end, &cached_state);
ret2 = set_page_extent_mapped(page);
if (ret2 < 0) {
ret = vmf_error(ret2);
unlock_extent(io_tree, page_start, page_end, &cached_state);
goto out_unlock;
}
/*
* We can't set the delalloc bits if there are pending ordered
* extents. Drop our locks and wait for them to finish.
*/
ordered = btrfs_lookup_ordered_range(BTRFS_I(inode), page_start, PAGE_SIZE);
if (ordered) {
unlock_extent(io_tree, page_start, page_end, &cached_state);
unlock_page(page);
up_read(&BTRFS_I(inode)->i_mmap_lock);
btrfs_start_ordered_extent(ordered);
btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);
goto again;
}
if (page->index == ((size - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
reserved_space = round_up(size - page_start, fs_info->sectorsize);
if (reserved_space < PAGE_SIZE) {
end = page_start + reserved_space - 1;
btrfs_delalloc_release_space(BTRFS_I(inode),
data_reserved, page_start,
PAGE_SIZE - reserved_space, true);
}
}
/*
* page_mkwrite gets called when the page is firstly dirtied after it's
* faulted in, but write(2) could also dirty a page and set delalloc
* bits, thus in this case for space account reason, we still need to
* clear any delalloc bits within this page range since we have to
* reserve data&meta space before lock_page() (see above comments).
*/
clear_extent_bit(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, page_start, end,
EXTENT_DELALLOC | EXTENT_DO_ACCOUNTING |
EXTENT_DEFRAG, &cached_state);
ret2 = btrfs_set_extent_delalloc(BTRFS_I(inode), page_start, end, 0,
&cached_state);
if (ret2) {
unlock_extent(io_tree, page_start, page_end, &cached_state);
ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
goto out_unlock;
}
/* Page is wholly or partially inside EOF. */
if (page_start + PAGE_SIZE > size)
zero_start = offset_in_page(size);
else
zero_start = PAGE_SIZE;
if (zero_start != PAGE_SIZE)
memzero_page(page, zero_start, PAGE_SIZE - zero_start);
btrfs_folio_clear_checked(fs_info, folio, page_start, PAGE_SIZE);
btrfs_folio_set_dirty(fs_info, folio, page_start, end + 1 - page_start);
btrfs_folio_set_uptodate(fs_info, folio, page_start, end + 1 - page_start);
btrfs_set_inode_last_sub_trans(BTRFS_I(inode));
unlock_extent(io_tree, page_start, page_end, &cached_state);
up_read(&BTRFS_I(inode)->i_mmap_lock);
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
extent_changeset_free(data_reserved);
return VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
out_unlock:
unlock_page(page);
up_read(&BTRFS_I(inode)->i_mmap_lock);
out:
btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
btrfs_delalloc_release_space(BTRFS_I(inode), data_reserved, page_start,
reserved_space, (ret != 0));
out_noreserve:
sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
extent_changeset_free(data_reserved);
return ret;
}
static const struct vm_operations_struct btrfs_file_vm_ops = {
.fault = filemap_fault,
.map_pages = filemap_map_pages,
.page_mkwrite = btrfs_page_mkwrite,
};
static int btrfs_file_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
if (!mapping->a_ops->read_folio)
return -ENOEXEC;
file_accessed(filp);
vma->vm_ops = &btrfs_file_vm_ops;
return 0;
}
static int hole_mergeable(struct btrfs_inode *inode, struct extent_buffer *leaf,
int slot, u64 start, u64 end)
{
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
struct btrfs_key key;
if (slot < 0 || slot >= btrfs_header_nritems(leaf))
return 0;
btrfs_item_key_to_cpu(leaf, &key, slot);
if (key.objectid != btrfs_ino(inode) ||
key.type != BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY)
return 0;
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, slot, struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
if (btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, fi) != BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_REG)
return 0;
if (btrfs_file_extent_disk_bytenr(leaf, fi))
return 0;
if (key.offset == end)
return 1;
if (key.offset + btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi) == start)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static int fill_holes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_inode *inode,
struct btrfs_path *path, u64 offset, u64 end)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = trans->fs_info;
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct extent_buffer *leaf;
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *fi;
struct extent_map *hole_em;
struct btrfs_key key;
int ret;
if (btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, NO_HOLES))
goto out;
key.objectid = btrfs_ino(inode);
key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY;
key.offset = offset;
ret = btrfs_search_slot(trans, root, &key, path, 0, 1);
if (ret <= 0) {
/*
* We should have dropped this offset, so if we find it then
* something has gone horribly wrong.
*/
if (ret == 0)
ret = -EINVAL;
return ret;
}
leaf = path->nodes[0];
if (hole_mergeable(inode, leaf, path->slots[0] - 1, offset, end)) {
u64 num_bytes;
path->slots[0]--;
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi) +
end - offset;
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi, num_bytes);
btrfs_set_file_extent_ram_bytes(leaf, fi, num_bytes);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, 0);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
goto out;
}
if (hole_mergeable(inode, leaf, path->slots[0], offset, end)) {
u64 num_bytes;
key.offset = offset;
btrfs_set_item_key_safe(trans, path, &key);
fi = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, path->slots[0],
struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
num_bytes = btrfs_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi) + end -
offset;
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, fi, num_bytes);
btrfs_set_file_extent_ram_bytes(leaf, fi, num_bytes);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, fi, 0);
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, fi, trans->transid);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
goto out;
}
btrfs_release_path(path);
ret = btrfs_insert_hole_extent(trans, root, btrfs_ino(inode), offset,
end - offset);
if (ret)
return ret;
out:
btrfs_release_path(path);
hole_em = alloc_extent_map();
if (!hole_em) {
btrfs_drop_extent_map_range(inode, offset, end - 1, false);
btrfs_set_inode_full_sync(inode);
} else {
hole_em->start = offset;
hole_em->len = end - offset;
hole_em->ram_bytes = hole_em->len;
hole_em->disk_bytenr = EXTENT_MAP_HOLE;
hole_em->disk_num_bytes = 0;
hole_em->generation = trans->transid;
ret = btrfs_replace_extent_map_range(inode, hole_em, true);
free_extent_map(hole_em);
if (ret)
btrfs_set_inode_full_sync(inode);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Find a hole extent on given inode and change start/len to the end of hole
* extent.(hole/vacuum extent whose em->start <= start &&
* em->start + em->len > start)
* When a hole extent is found, return 1 and modify start/len.
*/
static int find_first_non_hole(struct btrfs_inode *inode, u64 *start, u64 *len)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
struct extent_map *em;
int ret = 0;
em = btrfs_get_extent(inode, NULL,
round_down(*start, fs_info->sectorsize),
round_up(*len, fs_info->sectorsize));
if (IS_ERR(em))
return PTR_ERR(em);
/* Hole or vacuum extent(only exists in no-hole mode) */
if (em->disk_bytenr == EXTENT_MAP_HOLE) {
ret = 1;
*len = em->start + em->len > *start + *len ?
0 : *start + *len - em->start - em->len;
*start = em->start + em->len;
}
free_extent_map(em);
return ret;
}
static void btrfs_punch_hole_lock_range(struct inode *inode,
const u64 lockstart,
const u64 lockend,
struct extent_state **cached_state)
{
/*
* For subpage case, if the range is not at page boundary, we could
* have pages at the leading/tailing part of the range.
* This could lead to dead loop since filemap_range_has_page()
* will always return true.
* So here we need to do extra page alignment for
* filemap_range_has_page().
*/
const u64 page_lockstart = round_up(lockstart, PAGE_SIZE);
const u64 page_lockend = round_down(lockend + 1, PAGE_SIZE) - 1;
while (1) {
truncate_pagecache_range(inode, lockstart, lockend);
lock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart, lockend,
cached_state);
/*
* We can't have ordered extents in the range, nor dirty/writeback
* pages, because we have locked the inode's VFS lock in exclusive
* mode, we have locked the inode's i_mmap_lock in exclusive mode,
* we have flushed all delalloc in the range and we have waited
* for any ordered extents in the range to complete.
* We can race with anyone reading pages from this range, so after
* locking the range check if we have pages in the range, and if
* we do, unlock the range and retry.
*/
if (!filemap_range_has_page(inode->i_mapping, page_lockstart,
page_lockend))
break;
unlock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart, lockend,
cached_state);
}
btrfs_assert_inode_range_clean(BTRFS_I(inode), lockstart, lockend);
}
static int btrfs_insert_replace_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_inode *inode,
struct btrfs_path *path,
struct btrfs_replace_extent_info *extent_info,
const u64 replace_len,
const u64 bytes_to_drop)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = trans->fs_info;
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct btrfs_file_extent_item *extent;
struct extent_buffer *leaf;
struct btrfs_key key;
int slot;
int ret;
if (replace_len == 0)
return 0;
if (extent_info->disk_offset == 0 &&
btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, NO_HOLES)) {
btrfs_update_inode_bytes(inode, 0, bytes_to_drop);
return 0;
}
key.objectid = btrfs_ino(inode);
key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_DATA_KEY;
key.offset = extent_info->file_offset;
ret = btrfs_insert_empty_item(trans, root, path, &key,
sizeof(struct btrfs_file_extent_item));
if (ret)
return ret;
leaf = path->nodes[0];
slot = path->slots[0];
write_extent_buffer(leaf, extent_info->extent_buf,
btrfs_item_ptr_offset(leaf, slot),
sizeof(struct btrfs_file_extent_item));
extent = btrfs_item_ptr(leaf, slot, struct btrfs_file_extent_item);
ASSERT(btrfs_file_extent_type(leaf, extent) != BTRFS_FILE_EXTENT_INLINE);
btrfs_set_file_extent_offset(leaf, extent, extent_info->data_offset);
btrfs_set_file_extent_num_bytes(leaf, extent, replace_len);
if (extent_info->is_new_extent)
btrfs_set_file_extent_generation(leaf, extent, trans->transid);
btrfs_mark_buffer_dirty(trans, leaf);
btrfs_release_path(path);
ret = btrfs_inode_set_file_extent_range(inode, extent_info->file_offset,
replace_len);
if (ret)
return ret;
/* If it's a hole, nothing more needs to be done. */
if (extent_info->disk_offset == 0) {
btrfs_update_inode_bytes(inode, 0, bytes_to_drop);
return 0;
}
btrfs_update_inode_bytes(inode, replace_len, bytes_to_drop);
if (extent_info->is_new_extent && extent_info->insertions == 0) {
key.objectid = extent_info->disk_offset;
key.type = BTRFS_EXTENT_ITEM_KEY;
key.offset = extent_info->disk_len;
ret = btrfs_alloc_reserved_file_extent(trans, root,
btrfs_ino(inode),
extent_info->file_offset,
extent_info->qgroup_reserved,
&key);
} else {
struct btrfs_ref ref = {
.action = BTRFS_ADD_DELAYED_REF,
.bytenr = extent_info->disk_offset,
.num_bytes = extent_info->disk_len,
.owning_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
.ref_root = btrfs_root_id(root),
};
u64 ref_offset;
ref_offset = extent_info->file_offset - extent_info->data_offset;
btrfs_init_data_ref(&ref, btrfs_ino(inode), ref_offset, 0, false);
ret = btrfs_inc_extent_ref(trans, &ref);
}
extent_info->insertions++;
return ret;
}
/*
* The respective range must have been previously locked, as well as the inode.
* The end offset is inclusive (last byte of the range).
* @extent_info is NULL for fallocate's hole punching and non-NULL when replacing
* the file range with an extent.
* When not punching a hole, we don't want to end up in a state where we dropped
* extents without inserting a new one, so we must abort the transaction to avoid
* a corruption.
*/
int btrfs_replace_file_extents(struct btrfs_inode *inode,
struct btrfs_path *path, const u64 start,
const u64 end,
struct btrfs_replace_extent_info *extent_info,
struct btrfs_trans_handle **trans_out)
{
struct btrfs_drop_extents_args drop_args = { 0 };
struct btrfs_root *root = inode->root;
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
u64 min_size = btrfs_calc_insert_metadata_size(fs_info, 1);
u64 ino_size = round_up(inode->vfs_inode.i_size, fs_info->sectorsize);
struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans = NULL;
struct btrfs_block_rsv *rsv;
unsigned int rsv_count;
u64 cur_offset;
u64 len = end - start;
int ret = 0;
if (end <= start)
return -EINVAL;
rsv = btrfs_alloc_block_rsv(fs_info, BTRFS_BLOCK_RSV_TEMP);
if (!rsv) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
rsv->size = btrfs_calc_insert_metadata_size(fs_info, 1);
rsv->failfast = true;
/*
* 1 - update the inode
* 1 - removing the extents in the range
* 1 - adding the hole extent if no_holes isn't set or if we are
* replacing the range with a new extent
*/
if (!btrfs_fs_incompat(fs_info, NO_HOLES) || extent_info)
rsv_count = 3;
else
rsv_count = 2;
trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, rsv_count);
if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
trans = NULL;
goto out_free;
}
ret = btrfs_block_rsv_migrate(&fs_info->trans_block_rsv, rsv,
min_size, false);
if (WARN_ON(ret))
goto out_trans;
trans->block_rsv = rsv;
cur_offset = start;
drop_args.path = path;
drop_args.end = end + 1;
drop_args.drop_cache = true;
while (cur_offset < end) {
drop_args.start = cur_offset;
ret = btrfs_drop_extents(trans, root, inode, &drop_args);
/* If we are punching a hole decrement the inode's byte count */
if (!extent_info)
btrfs_update_inode_bytes(inode, 0,
drop_args.bytes_found);
if (ret != -ENOSPC) {
/*
* The only time we don't want to abort is if we are
* attempting to clone a partial inline extent, in which
* case we'll get EOPNOTSUPP. However if we aren't
* clone we need to abort no matter what, because if we
* got EOPNOTSUPP via prealloc then we messed up and
* need to abort.
*/
if (ret &&
(ret != -EOPNOTSUPP ||
(extent_info && extent_info->is_new_extent)))
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
trans->block_rsv = &fs_info->trans_block_rsv;
if (!extent_info && cur_offset < drop_args.drop_end &&
cur_offset < ino_size) {
ret = fill_holes(trans, inode, path, cur_offset,
drop_args.drop_end);
if (ret) {
/*
* If we failed then we didn't insert our hole
* entries for the area we dropped, so now the
* fs is corrupted, so we must abort the
* transaction.
*/
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
} else if (!extent_info && cur_offset < drop_args.drop_end) {
/*
* We are past the i_size here, but since we didn't
* insert holes we need to clear the mapped area so we
* know to not set disk_i_size in this area until a new
* file extent is inserted here.
*/
ret = btrfs_inode_clear_file_extent_range(inode,
cur_offset,
drop_args.drop_end - cur_offset);
if (ret) {
/*
* We couldn't clear our area, so we could
* presumably adjust up and corrupt the fs, so
* we need to abort.
*/
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
}
if (extent_info &&
drop_args.drop_end > extent_info->file_offset) {
u64 replace_len = drop_args.drop_end -
extent_info->file_offset;
ret = btrfs_insert_replace_extent(trans, inode, path,
extent_info, replace_len,
drop_args.bytes_found);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
break;
}
extent_info->data_len -= replace_len;
extent_info->data_offset += replace_len;
extent_info->file_offset += replace_len;
}
/*
* We are releasing our handle on the transaction, balance the
* dirty pages of the btree inode and flush delayed items, and
* then get a new transaction handle, which may now point to a
* new transaction in case someone else may have committed the
* transaction we used to replace/drop file extent items. So
* bump the inode's iversion and update mtime and ctime except
* if we are called from a dedupe context. This is because a
* power failure/crash may happen after the transaction is
* committed and before we finish replacing/dropping all the
* file extent items we need.
*/
inode_inc_iversion(&inode->vfs_inode);
if (!extent_info || extent_info->update_times)
inode_set_mtime_to_ts(&inode->vfs_inode,
inode_set_ctime_current(&inode->vfs_inode));
ret = btrfs_update_inode(trans, inode);
if (ret)
break;
btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
btrfs_btree_balance_dirty(fs_info);
trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, rsv_count);
if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
trans = NULL;
break;
}
ret = btrfs_block_rsv_migrate(&fs_info->trans_block_rsv,
rsv, min_size, false);
if (WARN_ON(ret))
break;
trans->block_rsv = rsv;
cur_offset = drop_args.drop_end;
len = end - cur_offset;
if (!extent_info && len) {
ret = find_first_non_hole(inode, &cur_offset, &len);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
break;
if (ret && !len) {
ret = 0;
break;
}
}
}
/*
* If we were cloning, force the next fsync to be a full one since we
* we replaced (or just dropped in the case of cloning holes when
* NO_HOLES is enabled) file extent items and did not setup new extent
* maps for the replacement extents (or holes).
*/
if (extent_info && !extent_info->is_new_extent)
btrfs_set_inode_full_sync(inode);
if (ret)
goto out_trans;
trans->block_rsv = &fs_info->trans_block_rsv;
/*
* If we are using the NO_HOLES feature we might have had already an
* hole that overlaps a part of the region [lockstart, lockend] and
* ends at (or beyond) lockend. Since we have no file extent items to
* represent holes, drop_end can be less than lockend and so we must
* make sure we have an extent map representing the existing hole (the
* call to __btrfs_drop_extents() might have dropped the existing extent
* map representing the existing hole), otherwise the fast fsync path
* will not record the existence of the hole region
* [existing_hole_start, lockend].
*/
if (drop_args.drop_end <= end)
drop_args.drop_end = end + 1;
/*
* Don't insert file hole extent item if it's for a range beyond eof
* (because it's useless) or if it represents a 0 bytes range (when
* cur_offset == drop_end).
*/
if (!extent_info && cur_offset < ino_size &&
cur_offset < drop_args.drop_end) {
ret = fill_holes(trans, inode, path, cur_offset,
drop_args.drop_end);
if (ret) {
/* Same comment as above. */
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out_trans;
}
} else if (!extent_info && cur_offset < drop_args.drop_end) {
/* See the comment in the loop above for the reasoning here. */
ret = btrfs_inode_clear_file_extent_range(inode, cur_offset,
drop_args.drop_end - cur_offset);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out_trans;
}
}
if (extent_info) {
ret = btrfs_insert_replace_extent(trans, inode, path,
extent_info, extent_info->data_len,
drop_args.bytes_found);
if (ret) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, ret);
goto out_trans;
}
}
out_trans:
if (!trans)
goto out_free;
trans->block_rsv = &fs_info->trans_block_rsv;
if (ret)
btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
else
*trans_out = trans;
out_free:
btrfs_free_block_rsv(fs_info, rsv);
out:
return ret;
}
static int btrfs_punch_hole(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
{
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode_to_fs_info(inode);
struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
struct btrfs_path *path;
struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans = NULL;
u64 lockstart;
u64 lockend;
u64 tail_start;
u64 tail_len;
u64 orig_start = offset;
int ret = 0;
bool same_block;
u64 ino_size;
bool truncated_block = false;
bool updated_inode = false;
btrfs_inode_lock(BTRFS_I(inode), BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
ret = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(BTRFS_I(inode), offset, len);
if (ret)
goto out_only_mutex;
ino_size = round_up(inode->i_size, fs_info->sectorsize);
ret = find_first_non_hole(BTRFS_I(inode), &offset, &len);
if (ret < 0)
goto out_only_mutex;
if (ret && !len) {
/* Already in a large hole */
ret = 0;
goto out_only_mutex;
}
ret = file_modified(file);
if (ret)
goto out_only_mutex;
lockstart = round_up(offset, fs_info->sectorsize);
lockend = round_down(offset + len, fs_info->sectorsize) - 1;
same_block = (BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, offset))
== (BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, offset + len - 1));
/*
* We needn't truncate any block which is beyond the end of the file
* because we are sure there is no data there.
*/
/*
* Only do this if we are in the same block and we aren't doing the
* entire block.
*/
if (same_block && len < fs_info->sectorsize) {
if (offset < ino_size) {
truncated_block = true;
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode), offset, len,
0);
} else {
ret = 0;
}
goto out_only_mutex;
}
/* zero back part of the first block */
if (offset < ino_size) {
truncated_block = true;
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode), offset, 0, 0);
if (ret) {
btrfs_inode_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode), BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
return ret;
}
}
/* Check the aligned pages after the first unaligned page,
* if offset != orig_start, which means the first unaligned page
* including several following pages are already in holes,
* the extra check can be skipped */
if (offset == orig_start) {
/* after truncate page, check hole again */
len = offset + len - lockstart;
offset = lockstart;
ret = find_first_non_hole(BTRFS_I(inode), &offset, &len);
if (ret < 0)
goto out_only_mutex;
if (ret && !len) {
ret = 0;
goto out_only_mutex;
}
lockstart = offset;
}
/* Check the tail unaligned part is in a hole */
tail_start = lockend + 1;
tail_len = offset + len - tail_start;
if (tail_len) {
ret = find_first_non_hole(BTRFS_I(inode), &tail_start, &tail_len);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
goto out_only_mutex;
if (!ret) {
/* zero the front end of the last page */
if (tail_start + tail_len < ino_size) {
truncated_block = true;
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode),
tail_start + tail_len,
0, 1);
if (ret)
goto out_only_mutex;
}
}
}
if (lockend < lockstart) {
ret = 0;
goto out_only_mutex;
}
btrfs_punch_hole_lock_range(inode, lockstart, lockend, &cached_state);
path = btrfs_alloc_path();
if (!path) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
ret = btrfs_replace_file_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), path, lockstart,
lockend, NULL, &trans);
btrfs_free_path(path);
if (ret)
goto out;
ASSERT(trans != NULL);
inode_inc_iversion(inode);
inode_set_mtime_to_ts(inode, inode_set_ctime_current(inode));
ret = btrfs_update_inode(trans, BTRFS_I(inode));
updated_inode = true;
btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
btrfs_btree_balance_dirty(fs_info);
out:
unlock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart, lockend,
&cached_state);
out_only_mutex:
if (!updated_inode && truncated_block && !ret) {
/*
* If we only end up zeroing part of a page, we still need to
* update the inode item, so that all the time fields are
* updated as well as the necessary btrfs inode in memory fields
* for detecting, at fsync time, if the inode isn't yet in the
* log tree or it's there but not up to date.
*/
struct timespec64 now = inode_set_ctime_current(inode);
inode_inc_iversion(inode);
inode_set_mtime_to_ts(inode, now);
trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, 1);
if (IS_ERR(trans)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(trans);
} else {
int ret2;
ret = btrfs_update_inode(trans, BTRFS_I(inode));
ret2 = btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
if (!ret)
ret = ret2;
}
}
btrfs_inode_unlock(BTRFS_I(inode), BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
return ret;
}
/* Helper structure to record which range is already reserved */
struct falloc_range {
struct list_head list;
u64 start;
u64 len;
};
/*
* Helper function to add falloc range
*
* Caller should have locked the larger range of extent containing
* [start, len)
*/
static int add_falloc_range(struct list_head *head, u64 start, u64 len)
{
struct falloc_range *range = NULL;
if (!list_empty(head)) {
/*
* As fallocate iterates by bytenr order, we only need to check
* the last range.
*/
range = list_last_entry(head, struct falloc_range, list);
if (range->start + range->len == start) {
range->len += len;
return 0;
}
}
range = kmalloc(sizeof(*range), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!range)
return -ENOMEM;
range->start = start;
range->len = len;
list_add_tail(&range->list, head);
return 0;
}
static int btrfs_fallocate_update_isize(struct inode *inode,
const u64 end,
const int mode)
{
struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans;
struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
int ret;
int ret2;
if (mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE || end <= i_size_read(inode))
return 0;
trans = btrfs_start_transaction(root, 1);
if (IS_ERR(trans))
return PTR_ERR(trans);
inode_set_ctime_current(inode);
i_size_write(inode, end);
btrfs_inode_safe_disk_i_size_write(BTRFS_I(inode), 0);
ret = btrfs_update_inode(trans, BTRFS_I(inode));
ret2 = btrfs_end_transaction(trans);
return ret ? ret : ret2;
}
enum {
RANGE_BOUNDARY_WRITTEN_EXTENT,
RANGE_BOUNDARY_PREALLOC_EXTENT,
RANGE_BOUNDARY_HOLE,
};
static int btrfs_zero_range_check_range_boundary(struct btrfs_inode *inode,
u64 offset)
{
const u64 sectorsize = inode->root->fs_info->sectorsize;
struct extent_map *em;
int ret;
offset = round_down(offset, sectorsize);
em = btrfs_get_extent(inode, NULL, offset, sectorsize);
if (IS_ERR(em))
return PTR_ERR(em);
if (em->disk_bytenr == EXTENT_MAP_HOLE)
ret = RANGE_BOUNDARY_HOLE;
else if (em->flags & EXTENT_FLAG_PREALLOC)
ret = RANGE_BOUNDARY_PREALLOC_EXTENT;
else
ret = RANGE_BOUNDARY_WRITTEN_EXTENT;
free_extent_map(em);
return ret;
}
static int btrfs_zero_range(struct inode *inode,
loff_t offset,
loff_t len,
const int mode)
{
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = BTRFS_I(inode)->root->fs_info;
struct extent_map *em;
struct extent_changeset *data_reserved = NULL;
int ret;
u64 alloc_hint = 0;
const u64 sectorsize = fs_info->sectorsize;
u64 alloc_start = round_down(offset, sectorsize);
u64 alloc_end = round_up(offset + len, sectorsize);
u64 bytes_to_reserve = 0;
bool space_reserved = false;
em = btrfs_get_extent(BTRFS_I(inode), NULL, alloc_start,
alloc_end - alloc_start);
if (IS_ERR(em)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(em);
goto out;
}
/*
* Avoid hole punching and extent allocation for some cases. More cases
* could be considered, but these are unlikely common and we keep things
* as simple as possible for now. Also, intentionally, if the target
* range contains one or more prealloc extents together with regular
* extents and holes, we drop all the existing extents and allocate a
* new prealloc extent, so that we get a larger contiguous disk extent.
*/
if (em->start <= alloc_start && (em->flags & EXTENT_FLAG_PREALLOC)) {
const u64 em_end = em->start + em->len;
if (em_end >= offset + len) {
/*
* The whole range is already a prealloc extent,
* do nothing except updating the inode's i_size if
* needed.
*/
free_extent_map(em);
ret = btrfs_fallocate_update_isize(inode, offset + len,
mode);
goto out;
}
/*
* Part of the range is already a prealloc extent, so operate
* only on the remaining part of the range.
*/
alloc_start = em_end;
ASSERT(IS_ALIGNED(alloc_start, sectorsize));
len = offset + len - alloc_start;
offset = alloc_start;
alloc_hint = extent_map_block_start(em) + em->len;
}
free_extent_map(em);
if (BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, offset) ==
BTRFS_BYTES_TO_BLKS(fs_info, offset + len - 1)) {
em = btrfs_get_extent(BTRFS_I(inode), NULL, alloc_start, sectorsize);
if (IS_ERR(em)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(em);
goto out;
}
if (em->flags & EXTENT_FLAG_PREALLOC) {
free_extent_map(em);
ret = btrfs_fallocate_update_isize(inode, offset + len,
mode);
goto out;
}
if (len < sectorsize && em->disk_bytenr != EXTENT_MAP_HOLE) {
free_extent_map(em);
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode), offset, len,
0);
if (!ret)
ret = btrfs_fallocate_update_isize(inode,
offset + len,
mode);
return ret;
}
free_extent_map(em);
alloc_start = round_down(offset, sectorsize);
alloc_end = alloc_start + sectorsize;
goto reserve_space;
}
alloc_start = round_up(offset, sectorsize);
alloc_end = round_down(offset + len, sectorsize);
/*
* For unaligned ranges, check the pages at the boundaries, they might
* map to an extent, in which case we need to partially zero them, or
* they might map to a hole, in which case we need our allocation range
* to cover them.
*/
if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset, sectorsize)) {
ret = btrfs_zero_range_check_range_boundary(BTRFS_I(inode),
offset);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
if (ret == RANGE_BOUNDARY_HOLE) {
alloc_start = round_down(offset, sectorsize);
ret = 0;
} else if (ret == RANGE_BOUNDARY_WRITTEN_EXTENT) {
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode), offset, 0, 0);
if (ret)
goto out;
} else {
ret = 0;
}
}
if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset + len, sectorsize)) {
ret = btrfs_zero_range_check_range_boundary(BTRFS_I(inode),
offset + len);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
if (ret == RANGE_BOUNDARY_HOLE) {
alloc_end = round_up(offset + len, sectorsize);
ret = 0;
} else if (ret == RANGE_BOUNDARY_WRITTEN_EXTENT) {
ret = btrfs_truncate_block(BTRFS_I(inode), offset + len,
0, 1);
if (ret)
goto out;
} else {
ret = 0;
}
}
reserve_space:
if (alloc_start < alloc_end) {
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
const u64 lockstart = alloc_start;
const u64 lockend = alloc_end - 1;
bytes_to_reserve = alloc_end - alloc_start;
ret = btrfs_alloc_data_chunk_ondemand(BTRFS_I(inode),
bytes_to_reserve);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
space_reserved = true;
btrfs_punch_hole_lock_range(inode, lockstart, lockend,
&cached_state);
ret = btrfs_qgroup_reserve_data(BTRFS_I(inode), &data_reserved,
alloc_start, bytes_to_reserve);
if (ret) {
unlock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart,
lockend, &cached_state);
goto out;
}
ret = btrfs_prealloc_file_range(inode, mode, alloc_start,
alloc_end - alloc_start,
fs_info->sectorsize,
offset + len, &alloc_hint);
unlock_extent(&BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree, lockstart, lockend,
&cached_state);
/* btrfs_prealloc_file_range releases reserved space on error */
if (ret) {
space_reserved = false;
goto out;
}
}
ret = btrfs_fallocate_update_isize(inode, offset + len, mode);
out:
if (ret && space_reserved)
btrfs_free_reserved_data_space(BTRFS_I(inode), data_reserved,
alloc_start, bytes_to_reserve);
extent_changeset_free(data_reserved);
return ret;
}
static long btrfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode,
loff_t offset, loff_t len)
{
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
struct extent_changeset *data_reserved = NULL;
struct falloc_range *range;
struct falloc_range *tmp;
LIST_HEAD(reserve_list);
u64 cur_offset;
u64 last_byte;
u64 alloc_start;
u64 alloc_end;
u64 alloc_hint = 0;
u64 locked_end;
u64 actual_end = 0;
u64 data_space_needed = 0;
u64 data_space_reserved = 0;
u64 qgroup_reserved = 0;
struct extent_map *em;
int blocksize = BTRFS_I(inode)->root->fs_info->sectorsize;
int ret;
/* Do not allow fallocate in ZONED mode */
if (btrfs_is_zoned(inode_to_fs_info(inode)))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
alloc_start = round_down(offset, blocksize);
alloc_end = round_up(offset + len, blocksize);
cur_offset = alloc_start;
/* Make sure we aren't being give some crap mode */
if (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE |
FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE)
return btrfs_punch_hole(file, offset, len);
btrfs_inode_lock(BTRFS_I(inode), BTRFS_ILOCK_MMAP);
if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && offset + len > inode->i_size) {
ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, offset + len);
if (ret)
goto out;
}
ret = file_modified(file);
if (ret)
goto out;
/*
* TODO: Move these two operations after we have checked
* accurate reserved space, or fallocate can still fail but
* with page truncated or size expanded.
*
* But that's a minor problem and won't do much harm BTW.
*/
if (alloc_start > inode->