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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
* Core private header for the pin control subsystem
* Copyright (C) 2011 ST-Ericsson SA
* Written on behalf of Linaro for ST-Ericsson
* Author: Linus Walleij <>
#include <linux/kref.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
#include <linux/pinctrl/pinconf.h>
#include <linux/pinctrl/machine.h>
struct pinctrl_gpio_range;
* struct pinctrl_dev - pin control class device
* @node: node to include this pin controller in the global pin controller list
* @desc: the pin controller descriptor supplied when initializing this pin
* controller
* @pin_desc_tree: each pin descriptor for this pin controller is stored in
* this radix tree
* @pin_group_tree: optionally each pin group can be stored in this radix tree
* @num_groups: optionally number of groups can be kept here
* @pin_function_tree: optionally each function can be stored in this radix tree
* @num_functions: optionally number of functions can be kept here
* @gpio_ranges: a list of GPIO ranges that is handled by this pin controller,
* ranges are added to this list at runtime
* @dev: the device entry for this pin controller
* @owner: module providing the pin controller, used for refcounting
* @driver_data: driver data for drivers registering to the pin controller
* subsystem
* @p: result of pinctrl_get() for this device
* @hog_default: default state for pins hogged by this device
* @hog_sleep: sleep state for pins hogged by this device
* @mutex: mutex taken on each pin controller specific action
* @device_root: debugfs root for this device
struct pinctrl_dev {
struct list_head node;
struct pinctrl_desc *desc;
struct radix_tree_root pin_desc_tree;
struct radix_tree_root pin_group_tree;
unsigned int num_groups;
struct radix_tree_root pin_function_tree;
unsigned int num_functions;
struct list_head gpio_ranges;
struct device *dev;
struct module *owner;
void *driver_data;
struct pinctrl *p;
struct pinctrl_state *hog_default;
struct pinctrl_state *hog_sleep;
struct mutex mutex;
struct dentry *device_root;
* struct pinctrl - per-device pin control state holder
* @node: global list node
* @dev: the device using this pin control handle
* @states: a list of states for this device
* @state: the current state
* @dt_maps: the mapping table chunks dynamically parsed from device tree for
* this device, if any
* @users: reference count
struct pinctrl {
struct list_head node;
struct device *dev;
struct list_head states;
struct pinctrl_state *state;
struct list_head dt_maps;
struct kref users;
* struct pinctrl_state - a pinctrl state for a device
* @node: list node for struct pinctrl's @states field
* @name: the name of this state
* @settings: a list of settings for this state
struct pinctrl_state {
struct list_head node;
const char *name;
struct list_head settings;
* struct pinctrl_setting_mux - setting data for MAP_TYPE_MUX_GROUP
* @group: the group selector to program
* @func: the function selector to program
struct pinctrl_setting_mux {
unsigned group;
unsigned func;
* struct pinctrl_setting_configs - setting data for MAP_TYPE_CONFIGS_*
* @group_or_pin: the group selector or pin ID to program
* @configs: a pointer to an array of config parameters/values to program into
* hardware. Each individual pin controller defines the format and meaning
* of config parameters.
* @num_configs: the number of entries in array @configs
struct pinctrl_setting_configs {
unsigned group_or_pin;
unsigned long *configs;
unsigned num_configs;
* struct pinctrl_setting - an individual mux or config setting
* @node: list node for struct pinctrl_settings's @settings field
* @type: the type of setting
* @pctldev: pin control device handling to be programmed. Not used for
* @dev_name: the name of the device using this state
* @data: Data specific to the setting type
struct pinctrl_setting {
struct list_head node;
enum pinctrl_map_type type;
struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev;
const char *dev_name;
union {
struct pinctrl_setting_mux mux;
struct pinctrl_setting_configs configs;
} data;
* struct pin_desc - pin descriptor for each physical pin in the arch
* @pctldev: corresponding pin control device
* @name: a name for the pin, e.g. the name of the pin/pad/finger on a
* datasheet or such
* @dynamic_name: if the name of this pin was dynamically allocated
* @drv_data: driver-defined per-pin data. pinctrl core does not touch this
* @mux_usecount: If zero, the pin is not claimed, and @owner should be NULL.
* If non-zero, this pin is claimed by @owner. This field is an integer
* rather than a boolean, since pinctrl_get() might process multiple
* mapping table entries that refer to, and hence claim, the same group
* or pin, and each of these will increment the @usecount.
* @mux_owner: The name of device that called pinctrl_get().
* @mux_setting: The most recent selected mux setting for this pin, if any.
* @gpio_owner: If pinctrl_gpio_request() was called for this pin, this is
* the name of the GPIO that "owns" this pin.
struct pin_desc {
struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev;
const char *name;
bool dynamic_name;
void *drv_data;
/* These fields only added when supporting pinmux drivers */
unsigned mux_usecount;
const char *mux_owner;
const struct pinctrl_setting_mux *mux_setting;
const char *gpio_owner;
* struct pinctrl_maps - a list item containing part of the mapping table
* @node: mapping table list node
* @maps: array of mapping table entries
* @num_maps: the number of entries in @maps
struct pinctrl_maps {
struct list_head node;
const struct pinctrl_map *maps;
unsigned num_maps;
* struct group_desc - generic pin group descriptor
* @name: name of the pin group
* @pins: array of pins that belong to the group
* @num_pins: number of pins in the group
* @data: pin controller driver specific data
struct group_desc {
const char *name;
int *pins;
int num_pins;
void *data;
int pinctrl_generic_get_group_count(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev);
const char *pinctrl_generic_get_group_name(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int group_selector);
int pinctrl_generic_get_group_pins(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int group_selector,
const unsigned int **pins,
unsigned int *npins);
struct group_desc *pinctrl_generic_get_group(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int group_selector);
int pinctrl_generic_add_group(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, const char *name,
int *gpins, int ngpins, void *data);
int pinctrl_generic_remove_group(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int group_selector);
struct pinctrl_dev *get_pinctrl_dev_from_devname(const char *dev_name);
struct pinctrl_dev *get_pinctrl_dev_from_of_node(struct device_node *np);
int pin_get_from_name(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, const char *name);
const char *pin_get_name(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, const unsigned pin);
int pinctrl_get_group_selector(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
const char *pin_group);
static inline struct pin_desc *pin_desc_get(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int pin)
return radix_tree_lookup(&pctldev->pin_desc_tree, pin);
extern struct pinctrl_gpio_range *
pinctrl_find_gpio_range_from_pin_nolock(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned int pin);
extern int pinctrl_force_sleep(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev);
extern int pinctrl_force_default(struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev);
extern struct mutex pinctrl_maps_mutex;
extern struct list_head pinctrl_maps;
#define for_each_maps(_maps_node_, _i_, _map_) \
list_for_each_entry(_maps_node_, &pinctrl_maps, node) \
for (_i_ = 0, _map_ = &_maps_node_->maps[_i_]; \
_i_ < _maps_node_->num_maps; \
_i_++, _map_ = &_maps_node_->maps[_i_])