blob: 1b373d79cedc4fa261fa017496cd4faadcd2e1b1 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
* handle transition of Linux booting another kernel
* Copyright (C) 2002-2005 Eric Biederman <>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/io_apic.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/set_memory.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
static void load_segments(void)
#define __STR(X) #X
#define STR(X) __STR(X)
__asm__ __volatile__ (
"\tljmp $"STR(__KERNEL_CS)",$1f\n"
"\tmovl $"STR(__KERNEL_DS)",%%eax\n"
"\tmovl %%eax,%%ds\n"
"\tmovl %%eax,%%es\n"
"\tmovl %%eax,%%ss\n"
: : : "eax", "memory");
#undef STR
#undef __STR
static void machine_kexec_free_page_tables(struct kimage *image)
free_pages((unsigned long)image->arch.pgd, PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);
image->arch.pgd = NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
free_page((unsigned long)image->arch.pmd0);
image->arch.pmd0 = NULL;
free_page((unsigned long)image->arch.pmd1);
image->arch.pmd1 = NULL;
free_page((unsigned long)image->arch.pte0);
image->arch.pte0 = NULL;
free_page((unsigned long)image->arch.pte1);
image->arch.pte1 = NULL;
static int machine_kexec_alloc_page_tables(struct kimage *image)
image->arch.pgd = (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
image->arch.pmd0 = (pmd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
image->arch.pmd1 = (pmd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
image->arch.pte0 = (pte_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
image->arch.pte1 = (pte_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!image->arch.pgd ||
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
!image->arch.pmd0 || !image->arch.pmd1 ||
!image->arch.pte0 || !image->arch.pte1) {
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
static void machine_kexec_page_table_set_one(
pgd_t *pgd, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte,
unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long paddr)
p4d_t *p4d;
pud_t *pud;
pgd += pgd_index(vaddr);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
if (!(pgd_val(*pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pmd) | _PAGE_PRESENT));
p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, vaddr);
pud = pud_offset(p4d, vaddr);
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, vaddr);
if (!(pmd_val(*pmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _PAGE_TABLE));
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr);
set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
static void machine_kexec_prepare_page_tables(struct kimage *image)
void *control_page;
pmd_t *pmd = NULL;
control_page = page_address(image->control_code_page);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
pmd = image->arch.pmd0;
image->arch.pgd, pmd, image->arch.pte0,
(unsigned long)control_page, __pa(control_page));
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
pmd = image->arch.pmd1;
image->arch.pgd, pmd, image->arch.pte1,
__pa(control_page), __pa(control_page));
* A architecture hook called to validate the
* proposed image and prepare the control pages
* as needed. The pages for KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE
* have been allocated, but the segments have yet
* been copied into the kernel.
* Do what every setup is needed on image and the
* reboot code buffer to allow us to avoid allocations
* later.
* - Make control page executable.
* - Allocate page tables
* - Setup page tables
int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image)
int error;
set_memory_x((unsigned long)page_address(image->control_code_page), 1);
error = machine_kexec_alloc_page_tables(image);
if (error)
return error;
return 0;
* Undo anything leftover by machine_kexec_prepare
* when an image is freed.
void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
set_memory_nx((unsigned long)page_address(image->control_code_page), 1);
* Do not allocate memory (or fail in any way) in machine_kexec().
* We are past the point of no return, committed to rebooting now.
void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
unsigned long page_list[PAGES_NR];
void *control_page;
int save_ftrace_enabled;
asmlinkage unsigned long
(*relocate_kernel_ptr)(unsigned long indirection_page,
unsigned long control_page,
unsigned long start_address,
unsigned int has_pae,
unsigned int preserve_context);
if (image->preserve_context)
save_ftrace_enabled = __ftrace_enabled_save();
/* Interrupts aren't acceptable while we reboot */
if (image->preserve_context) {
* We need to put APICs in legacy mode so that we can
* get timer interrupts in second kernel. kexec/kdump
* paths already have calls to restore_boot_irq_mode()
* in one form or other. kexec jump path also need one.
control_page = page_address(image->control_code_page);
memcpy(control_page, relocate_kernel, KEXEC_CONTROL_CODE_MAX_SIZE);
relocate_kernel_ptr = control_page;
page_list[PA_CONTROL_PAGE] = __pa(control_page);
page_list[VA_CONTROL_PAGE] = (unsigned long)control_page;
page_list[PA_PGD] = __pa(image->arch.pgd);
if (image->type == KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT)
page_list[PA_SWAP_PAGE] = (page_to_pfn(image->swap_page)
* The segment registers are funny things, they have both a
* visible and an invisible part. Whenever the visible part is
* set to a specific selector, the invisible part is loaded
* with from a table in memory. At no other time is the
* descriptor table in memory accessed.
* I take advantage of this here by force loading the
* segments, before I zap the gdt with an invalid value.
* The gdt & idt are now invalid.
* If you want to load them you must set up your own idt & gdt.
/* now call it */
image->start = relocate_kernel_ptr((unsigned long)image->head,
(unsigned long)page_list,
if (image->preserve_context)