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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
* USB Networking Link Interface
* Copyright (C) 2000-2005 by David Brownell <>
* Copyright (C) 2003-2005 David Hollis <>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
/* interface from usbnet core to each USB networking link we handle */
struct usbnet {
/* housekeeping */
struct usb_device *udev;
struct usb_interface *intf;
const struct driver_info *driver_info;
const char *driver_name;
void *driver_priv;
wait_queue_head_t wait;
struct mutex phy_mutex;
unsigned char suspend_count;
unsigned char pkt_cnt, pkt_err;
unsigned short rx_qlen, tx_qlen;
unsigned can_dma_sg:1;
/* i/o info: pipes etc */
unsigned in, out;
struct usb_host_endpoint *status;
unsigned maxpacket;
struct timer_list delay;
const char *padding_pkt;
/* protocol/interface state */
struct net_device *net;
int msg_enable;
unsigned long data[5];
u32 xid;
u32 hard_mtu; /* count any extra framing */
size_t rx_urb_size; /* size for rx urbs */
struct mii_if_info mii;
long rx_speed; /* If MII not used */
long tx_speed; /* If MII not used */
# define SPEED_UNSET -1
/* various kinds of pending driver work */
struct sk_buff_head rxq;
struct sk_buff_head txq;
struct sk_buff_head done;
struct sk_buff_head rxq_pause;
struct urb *interrupt;
unsigned interrupt_count;
struct mutex interrupt_mutex;
struct usb_anchor deferred;
struct tasklet_struct bh;
struct work_struct kevent;
unsigned long flags;
# define EVENT_TX_HALT 0
# define EVENT_RX_HALT 1
# define EVENT_RX_MEMORY 2
# define EVENT_STS_SPLIT 3
# define EVENT_RX_PAUSED 5
# define EVENT_DEV_OPEN 7
# define EVENT_RX_KILL 10
# define EVENT_SET_RX_MODE 12
# define EVENT_NO_IP_ALIGN 13
static inline struct usb_driver *driver_of(struct usb_interface *intf)
return to_usb_driver(intf->dev.driver);
/* interface from the device/framing level "minidriver" to core */
struct driver_info {
char *description;
int flags;
/* framing is CDC Ethernet, not writing ZLPs (hw issues), or optionally: */
#define FLAG_FRAMING_NC 0x0001 /* guard against device dropouts */
#define FLAG_FRAMING_GL 0x0002 /* genelink batches packets */
#define FLAG_FRAMING_Z 0x0004 /* zaurus adds a trailer */
#define FLAG_FRAMING_RN 0x0008 /* RNDIS batches, plus huge header */
#define FLAG_NO_SETINT 0x0010 /* device can't set_interface() */
#define FLAG_ETHER 0x0020 /* maybe use "eth%d" names */
#define FLAG_FRAMING_AX 0x0040 /* AX88772/178 packets */
#define FLAG_WLAN 0x0080 /* use "wlan%d" names */
#define FLAG_AVOID_UNLINK_URBS 0x0100 /* don't unlink urbs at usbnet_stop() */
#define FLAG_SEND_ZLP 0x0200 /* hw requires ZLPs are sent */
#define FLAG_WWAN 0x0400 /* use "wwan%d" names */
#define FLAG_LINK_INTR 0x0800 /* updates link (carrier) status */
#define FLAG_POINTTOPOINT 0x1000 /* possibly use "usb%d" names */
* Indicates to usbnet, that USB driver accumulates multiple IP packets.
* Affects statistic (counters) and short packet handling.
#define FLAG_MULTI_PACKET 0x2000
#define FLAG_RX_ASSEMBLE 0x4000 /* rx packets may span >1 frames */
#define FLAG_NOARP 0x8000 /* device can't do ARP */
/* init device ... can sleep, or cause probe() failure */
int (*bind)(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
/* cleanup device ... can sleep, but can't fail */
void (*unbind)(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
/* reset device ... can sleep */
int (*reset)(struct usbnet *);
/* stop device ... can sleep */
int (*stop)(struct usbnet *);
/* see if peer is connected ... can sleep */
int (*check_connect)(struct usbnet *);
/* (dis)activate runtime power management */
int (*manage_power)(struct usbnet *, int);
/* for status polling */
void (*status)(struct usbnet *, struct urb *);
/* link reset handling, called from defer_kevent */
int (*link_reset)(struct usbnet *);
/* fixup rx packet (strip framing) */
int (*rx_fixup)(struct usbnet *dev, struct sk_buff *skb);
/* fixup tx packet (add framing) */
struct sk_buff *(*tx_fixup)(struct usbnet *dev,
struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t flags);
/* recover from timeout */
void (*recover)(struct usbnet *dev);
/* early initialization code, can sleep. This is for minidrivers
* having 'subminidrivers' that need to do extra initialization
* right after minidriver have initialized hardware. */
int (*early_init)(struct usbnet *dev);
/* called by minidriver when receiving indication */
void (*indication)(struct usbnet *dev, void *ind, int indlen);
/* rx mode change (device changes address list filtering) */
void (*set_rx_mode)(struct usbnet *dev);
/* for new devices, use the descriptor-reading code instead */
int in; /* rx endpoint */
int out; /* tx endpoint */
unsigned long data; /* Misc driver specific data */
/* Minidrivers are just drivers using the "usbnet" core as a powerful
* network-specific subroutine library ... that happens to do pretty
* much everything except custom framing and chip-specific stuff.
extern int usbnet_probe(struct usb_interface *, const struct usb_device_id *);
extern int usbnet_suspend(struct usb_interface *, pm_message_t);
extern int usbnet_resume(struct usb_interface *);
extern void usbnet_disconnect(struct usb_interface *);
extern void usbnet_device_suggests_idle(struct usbnet *dev);
extern int usbnet_read_cmd(struct usbnet *dev, u8 cmd, u8 reqtype,
u16 value, u16 index, void *data, u16 size);
extern int usbnet_write_cmd(struct usbnet *dev, u8 cmd, u8 reqtype,
u16 value, u16 index, const void *data, u16 size);
extern int usbnet_read_cmd_nopm(struct usbnet *dev, u8 cmd, u8 reqtype,
u16 value, u16 index, void *data, u16 size);
extern int usbnet_write_cmd_nopm(struct usbnet *dev, u8 cmd, u8 reqtype,
u16 value, u16 index, const void *data, u16 size);
extern int usbnet_write_cmd_async(struct usbnet *dev, u8 cmd, u8 reqtype,
u16 value, u16 index, const void *data, u16 size);
/* Drivers that reuse some of the standard USB CDC infrastructure
* (notably, using multiple interfaces according to the CDC
* union descriptor) get some helper code.
struct cdc_state {
struct usb_cdc_header_desc *header;
struct usb_cdc_union_desc *u;
struct usb_cdc_ether_desc *ether;
struct usb_interface *control;
struct usb_interface *data;
extern void usbnet_cdc_update_filter(struct usbnet *dev);
extern int usbnet_generic_cdc_bind(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
extern int usbnet_ether_cdc_bind(struct usbnet *dev, struct usb_interface *intf);
extern int usbnet_cdc_bind(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
extern void usbnet_cdc_unbind(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
extern void usbnet_cdc_status(struct usbnet *, struct urb *);
/* CDC and RNDIS support the same host-chosen packet filters for IN transfers */
/* we record the state for each of our queued skbs */
enum skb_state {
illegal = 0,
tx_start, tx_done,
rx_start, rx_done, rx_cleanup,
struct skb_data { /* skb->cb is one of these */
struct urb *urb;
struct usbnet *dev;
enum skb_state state;
long length;
unsigned long packets;
/* Drivers that set FLAG_MULTI_PACKET must call this in their
* tx_fixup method before returning an skb.
static inline void
usbnet_set_skb_tx_stats(struct sk_buff *skb,
unsigned long packets, long bytes_delta)
struct skb_data *entry = (struct skb_data *) skb->cb;
entry->packets = packets;
entry->length = bytes_delta;
extern int usbnet_open(struct net_device *net);
extern int usbnet_stop(struct net_device *net);
extern netdev_tx_t usbnet_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct net_device *net);
extern void usbnet_tx_timeout(struct net_device *net, unsigned int txqueue);
extern int usbnet_change_mtu(struct net_device *net, int new_mtu);
extern int usbnet_get_endpoints(struct usbnet *, struct usb_interface *);
extern int usbnet_get_ethernet_addr(struct usbnet *, int);
extern void usbnet_defer_kevent(struct usbnet *, int);
extern void usbnet_skb_return(struct usbnet *, struct sk_buff *);
extern void usbnet_unlink_rx_urbs(struct usbnet *);
extern void usbnet_pause_rx(struct usbnet *);
extern void usbnet_resume_rx(struct usbnet *);
extern void usbnet_purge_paused_rxq(struct usbnet *);
extern int usbnet_get_link_ksettings_mii(struct net_device *net,
struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd);
extern int usbnet_set_link_ksettings_mii(struct net_device *net,
const struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd);
extern int usbnet_get_link_ksettings_internal(struct net_device *net,
struct ethtool_link_ksettings *cmd);
extern u32 usbnet_get_link(struct net_device *net);
extern u32 usbnet_get_msglevel(struct net_device *);
extern void usbnet_set_msglevel(struct net_device *, u32);
extern void usbnet_set_rx_mode(struct net_device *net);
extern void usbnet_get_drvinfo(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_drvinfo *);
extern int usbnet_nway_reset(struct net_device *net);
extern int usbnet_manage_power(struct usbnet *, int);
extern void usbnet_link_change(struct usbnet *, bool, bool);
extern int usbnet_status_start(struct usbnet *dev, gfp_t mem_flags);
extern void usbnet_status_stop(struct usbnet *dev);
extern void usbnet_update_max_qlen(struct usbnet *dev);
#endif /* __LINUX_USB_USBNET_H */