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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
* Interface the pinmux subsystem
* Copyright (C) 2011 ST-Ericsson SA
* Written on behalf of Linaro for ST-Ericsson
* Based on bits of regulator core, gpio core and clk core
* Author: Linus Walleij <>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/pinctrl/pinctrl.h>
struct pinctrl_dev;
* struct pinmux_ops - pinmux operations, to be implemented by pin controller
* drivers that support pinmuxing
* @request: called by the core to see if a certain pin can be made
* available for muxing. This is called by the core to acquire the pins
* before selecting any actual mux setting across a function. The driver
* is allowed to answer "no" by returning a negative error code
* @free: the reverse function of the request() callback, frees a pin after
* being requested
* @get_functions_count: returns number of selectable named functions available
* in this pinmux driver
* @get_function_name: return the function name of the muxing selector,
* called by the core to figure out which mux setting it shall map a
* certain device to
* @get_function_groups: return an array of groups names (in turn
* referencing pins) connected to a certain function selector. The group
* name can be used with the generic @pinctrl_ops to retrieve the
* actual pins affected. The applicable groups will be returned in
* @groups and the number of groups in @num_groups
* @set_mux: enable a certain muxing function with a certain pin group. The
* driver does not need to figure out whether enabling this function
* conflicts some other use of the pins in that group, such collisions
* are handled by the pinmux subsystem. The @func_selector selects a
* certain function whereas @group_selector selects a certain set of pins
* to be used. On simple controllers the latter argument may be ignored
* @gpio_request_enable: requests and enables GPIO on a certain pin.
* Implement this only if you can mux every pin individually as GPIO. The
* affected GPIO range is passed along with an offset(pin number) into that
* specific GPIO range - function selectors and pin groups are orthogonal
* to this, the core will however make sure the pins do not collide.
* @gpio_disable_free: free up GPIO muxing on a certain pin, the reverse of
* @gpio_request_enable
* @gpio_set_direction: Since controllers may need different configurations
* depending on whether the GPIO is configured as input or output,
* a direction selector function may be implemented as a backing
* to the GPIO controllers that need pin muxing.
* @strict: do not allow simultaneous use of the same pin for GPIO and another
* function. Check both gpio_owner and mux_owner strictly before approving
* the pin request.
struct pinmux_ops {
int (*request) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, unsigned offset);
int (*free) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, unsigned offset);
int (*get_functions_count) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev);
const char *(*get_function_name) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned selector);
int (*get_function_groups) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
unsigned selector,
const char * const **groups,
unsigned *num_groups);
int (*set_mux) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev, unsigned func_selector,
unsigned group_selector);
int (*gpio_request_enable) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
struct pinctrl_gpio_range *range,
unsigned offset);
void (*gpio_disable_free) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
struct pinctrl_gpio_range *range,
unsigned offset);
int (*gpio_set_direction) (struct pinctrl_dev *pctldev,
struct pinctrl_gpio_range *range,
unsigned offset,
bool input);
bool strict;