blob: 288a73c3072d78b2ae5f9ce6f6bfa8f1cf4fdf75 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/* FS-Cache cache handling
*
* Copyright (C) 2021 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
*/
#define FSCACHE_DEBUG_LEVEL CACHE
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "internal.h"
static LIST_HEAD(fscache_caches);
DECLARE_RWSEM(fscache_addremove_sem);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_addremove_sem);
DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(fscache_clearance_waiters);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_clearance_waiters);
static atomic_t fscache_cache_debug_id;
/*
* Allocate a cache cookie.
*/
static struct fscache_cache *fscache_alloc_cache(const char *name)
{
struct fscache_cache *cache;
cache = kzalloc(sizeof(*cache), GFP_KERNEL);
if (cache) {
if (name) {
cache->name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!cache->name) {
kfree(cache);
return NULL;
}
}
refcount_set(&cache->ref, 1);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cache->cache_link);
cache->debug_id = atomic_inc_return(&fscache_cache_debug_id);
}
return cache;
}
static bool fscache_get_cache_maybe(struct fscache_cache *cache,
enum fscache_cache_trace where)
{
bool success;
int ref;
success = __refcount_inc_not_zero(&cache->ref, &ref);
if (success)
trace_fscache_cache(cache->debug_id, ref + 1, where);
return success;
}
/*
* Look up a cache cookie.
*/
struct fscache_cache *fscache_lookup_cache(const char *name, bool is_cache)
{
struct fscache_cache *candidate, *cache, *unnamed = NULL;
/* firstly check for the existence of the cache under read lock */
down_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
list_for_each_entry(cache, &fscache_caches, cache_link) {
if (cache->name && name && strcmp(cache->name, name) == 0 &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_r;
if (!cache->name && !name &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_r;
}
if (!name) {
list_for_each_entry(cache, &fscache_caches, cache_link) {
if (cache->name &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_r;
}
}
up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
/* the cache does not exist - create a candidate */
candidate = fscache_alloc_cache(name);
if (!candidate)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/* write lock, search again and add if still not present */
down_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
list_for_each_entry(cache, &fscache_caches, cache_link) {
if (cache->name && name && strcmp(cache->name, name) == 0 &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_w;
if (!cache->name) {
unnamed = cache;
if (!name &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_w;
}
}
if (unnamed && is_cache &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(unnamed, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto use_unnamed_cache;
if (!name) {
list_for_each_entry(cache, &fscache_caches, cache_link) {
if (cache->name &&
fscache_get_cache_maybe(cache, fscache_cache_get_acquire))
goto got_cache_w;
}
}
list_add_tail(&candidate->cache_link, &fscache_caches);
trace_fscache_cache(candidate->debug_id,
refcount_read(&candidate->ref),
fscache_cache_new_acquire);
up_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
return candidate;
got_cache_r:
up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
return cache;
use_unnamed_cache:
cache = unnamed;
cache->name = candidate->name;
candidate->name = NULL;
got_cache_w:
up_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
kfree(candidate->name);
kfree(candidate);
return cache;
}
/**
* fscache_acquire_cache - Acquire a cache-level cookie.
* @name: The name of the cache.
*
* Get a cookie to represent an actual cache. If a name is given and there is
* a nameless cache record available, this will acquire that and set its name,
* directing all the volumes using it to this cache.
*
* The cache will be switched over to the preparing state if not currently in
* use, otherwise -EBUSY will be returned.
*/
struct fscache_cache *fscache_acquire_cache(const char *name)
{
struct fscache_cache *cache;
ASSERT(name);
cache = fscache_lookup_cache(name, true);
if (IS_ERR(cache))
return cache;
if (!fscache_set_cache_state_maybe(cache,
FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_NOT_PRESENT,
FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_PREPARING)) {
pr_warn("Cache tag %s in use\n", name);
fscache_put_cache(cache, fscache_cache_put_cache);
return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
}
return cache;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_acquire_cache);
/**
* fscache_put_cache - Release a cache-level cookie.
* @cache: The cache cookie to be released
* @where: An indication of where the release happened
*
* Release the caller's reference on a cache-level cookie. The @where
* indication should give information about the circumstances in which the call
* occurs and will be logged through a tracepoint.
*/
void fscache_put_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
enum fscache_cache_trace where)
{
unsigned int debug_id;
bool zero;
int ref;
if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(cache))
return;
debug_id = cache->debug_id;
zero = __refcount_dec_and_test(&cache->ref, &ref);
trace_fscache_cache(debug_id, ref - 1, where);
if (zero) {
down_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
list_del_init(&cache->cache_link);
up_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
kfree(cache->name);
kfree(cache);
}
}
/**
* fscache_relinquish_cache - Reset cache state and release cookie
* @cache: The cache cookie to be released
*
* Reset the state of a cache and release the caller's reference on a cache
* cookie.
*/
void fscache_relinquish_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache)
{
enum fscache_cache_trace where =
(cache->state == FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_PREPARING) ?
fscache_cache_put_prep_failed :
fscache_cache_put_relinquish;
cache->ops = NULL;
cache->cache_priv = NULL;
fscache_set_cache_state(cache, FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_NOT_PRESENT);
fscache_put_cache(cache, where);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_relinquish_cache);
/**
* fscache_add_cache - Declare a cache as being open for business
* @cache: The cache-level cookie representing the cache
* @ops: Table of cache operations to use
* @cache_priv: Private data for the cache record
*
* Add a cache to the system, making it available for netfs's to use.
*
* See Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.rst for a complete
* description.
*/
int fscache_add_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
const struct fscache_cache_ops *ops,
void *cache_priv)
{
int n_accesses;
kenter("{%s,%s}", ops->name, cache->name);
BUG_ON(fscache_cache_state(cache) != FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_PREPARING);
/* Get a ref on the cache cookie and keep its n_accesses counter raised
* by 1 to prevent wakeups from transitioning it to 0 until we're
* withdrawing caching services from it.
*/
n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&cache->n_accesses);
trace_fscache_access_cache(cache->debug_id, refcount_read(&cache->ref),
n_accesses, fscache_access_cache_pin);
down_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
cache->ops = ops;
cache->cache_priv = cache_priv;
fscache_set_cache_state(cache, FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_ACTIVE);
up_write(&fscache_addremove_sem);
pr_notice("Cache \"%s\" added (type %s)\n", cache->name, ops->name);
kleave(" = 0 [%s]", cache->name);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_add_cache);
/**
* fscache_begin_cache_access - Pin a cache so it can be accessed
* @cache: The cache-level cookie
* @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
*
* Attempt to pin the cache to prevent it from going away whilst we're
* accessing it and returns true if successful. This works as follows:
*
* (1) If the cache tests as not live (state is not FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_ACTIVE),
* then we return false to indicate access was not permitted.
*
* (2) If the cache tests as live, then we increment the n_accesses count and
* then recheck the liveness, ending the access if it ceased to be live.
*
* (3) When we end the access, we decrement n_accesses and wake up the any
* waiters if it reaches 0.
*
* (4) Whilst the cache is caching, n_accesses is kept artificially
* incremented to prevent wakeups from happening.
*
* (5) When the cache is taken offline, the state is changed to prevent new
* accesses, n_accesses is decremented and we wait for n_accesses to
* become 0.
*/
bool fscache_begin_cache_access(struct fscache_cache *cache, enum fscache_access_trace why)
{
int n_accesses;
if (!fscache_cache_is_live(cache))
return false;
n_accesses = atomic_inc_return(&cache->n_accesses);
smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Reread live flag after n_accesses */
trace_fscache_access_cache(cache->debug_id, refcount_read(&cache->ref),
n_accesses, why);
if (!fscache_cache_is_live(cache)) {
fscache_end_cache_access(cache, fscache_access_unlive);
return false;
}
return true;
}
/**
* fscache_end_cache_access - Unpin a cache at the end of an access.
* @cache: The cache-level cookie
* @why: An indication of the circumstances of the access for tracing
*
* Unpin a cache after we've accessed it. The @why indicator is merely
* provided for tracing purposes.
*/
void fscache_end_cache_access(struct fscache_cache *cache, enum fscache_access_trace why)
{
int n_accesses;
smp_mb__before_atomic();
n_accesses = atomic_dec_return(&cache->n_accesses);
trace_fscache_access_cache(cache->debug_id, refcount_read(&cache->ref),
n_accesses, why);
if (n_accesses == 0)
wake_up_var(&cache->n_accesses);
}
/**
* fscache_io_error - Note a cache I/O error
* @cache: The record describing the cache
*
* Note that an I/O error occurred in a cache and that it should no longer be
* used for anything. This also reports the error into the kernel log.
*
* See Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.rst for a complete
* description.
*/
void fscache_io_error(struct fscache_cache *cache)
{
if (fscache_set_cache_state_maybe(cache,
FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_ACTIVE,
FSCACHE_CACHE_GOT_IOERROR))
pr_err("Cache '%s' stopped due to I/O error\n",
cache->name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_io_error);
/**
* fscache_withdraw_cache - Withdraw a cache from the active service
* @cache: The cache cookie
*
* Begin the process of withdrawing a cache from service. This stops new
* cache-level and volume-level accesses from taking place and waits for
* currently ongoing cache-level accesses to end.
*/
void fscache_withdraw_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache)
{
int n_accesses;
pr_notice("Withdrawing cache \"%s\" (%u objs)\n",
cache->name, atomic_read(&cache->object_count));
fscache_set_cache_state(cache, FSCACHE_CACHE_IS_WITHDRAWN);
/* Allow wakeups on dec-to-0 */
n_accesses = atomic_dec_return(&cache->n_accesses);
trace_fscache_access_cache(cache->debug_id, refcount_read(&cache->ref),
n_accesses, fscache_access_cache_unpin);
wait_var_event(&cache->n_accesses,
atomic_read(&cache->n_accesses) == 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscache_withdraw_cache);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
static const char fscache_cache_states[NR__FSCACHE_CACHE_STATE] = "-PAEW";
/*
* Generate a list of caches in /proc/fs/fscache/caches
*/
static int fscache_caches_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct fscache_cache *cache;
if (v == &fscache_caches) {
seq_puts(m,
"CACHE REF VOLS OBJS ACCES S NAME\n"
"======== ===== ===== ===== ===== = ===============\n"
);
return 0;
}
cache = list_entry(v, struct fscache_cache, cache_link);
seq_printf(m,
"%08x %5d %5d %5d %5d %c %s\n",
cache->debug_id,
refcount_read(&cache->ref),
atomic_read(&cache->n_volumes),
atomic_read(&cache->object_count),
atomic_read(&cache->n_accesses),
fscache_cache_states[cache->state],
cache->name ?: "-");
return 0;
}
static void *fscache_caches_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *_pos)
__acquires(fscache_addremove_sem)
{
down_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
return seq_list_start_head(&fscache_caches, *_pos);
}
static void *fscache_caches_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *_pos)
{
return seq_list_next(v, &fscache_caches, _pos);
}
static void fscache_caches_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
__releases(fscache_addremove_sem)
{
up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
}
const struct seq_operations fscache_caches_seq_ops = {
.start = fscache_caches_seq_start,
.next = fscache_caches_seq_next,
.stop = fscache_caches_seq_stop,
.show = fscache_caches_seq_show,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */